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GAZETTE DU GOLFE ET DES BANLIEUES
Numéro 12 -- septembre 2002
en français et en anglais
en 1991 par Serge Thion
News in French
1991 by Serge Thion
: UN OURAGAN DE CONNERIES
A UN AN DE PLUS
CALL 911 IN
CASE OF EMERGENCY
USA : L'EMPIRE
LES USA ET
ISRAEL MÊME COMBAT:
ILS ONT VOLÉ
LA TERRE PAR LA FORCE
LE BOURBIER INDOCHINOIS, LE BOURBIER IRAKIEN
US GO HOME
PLEURENT HOLLY ET JESSICA
TOUS LES JOURS
ILS TUENT DES ENFANTS EN IRAK
Contributions, volontaires et involontaires
d'Israël Shamir, Robert Fisk, Phillip Knightley, le brav'
général Moshe Yaalon, chef d'état-major de
l'armée des assassins, Meron Benvenisti, Manuella Vitali
Norsa, Dan Diner, Marie Debs, Janine Zacharia, le physicien Albert
Einstein, Ze'ev Schiff
et beaucoup d'autres.
All this talk against fascism
lasts only as
long as the fascists are
against Jews. The moment they switch sides, they
get kosher approval.
Israël Shamir, 16 Aug.
"There are mass graves
all across the north [of Afghanistan], and the Americans, who
know about this, have said nothing,"
Robert Fisk, The Independent,
14 août 2002
Surely it would be a crime
against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine
can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national
Gandhi, 20 nov. 1938.
L'Etat des faux
Renaud Camus écrivait au mois d'août,
sur son site, dans un dialogue avec le déplorable Kinkelfraude
la phrase suivante:
- «Je précise
une fois de plus, bien que ce soit tout à fait inutile
auprès d'Alain Finkielkraut qui connaît mes positions
sur ce point, que ce refus, par le gouvernement israélien,
par le peuple juif d'Israël, par une majorité d'hommes
politiques et d'intellectuels juifs en Israël, en France
et dans le monde, de consentir à l'afflux en Israël
de populations non-juives qui par leur nombre compromettraient
gravement le caractère juif du pays, je le comprends et
même je l'approuve. Pour ma part je suis aussi attaché
au caractère juif de l'Etat d'Israël qu'au caractère
italien de l'Italie, au caractère suisse de la Confédération
helvétique et, si on peut encore l'écrire, au caractère
français de la France.»
Ce charmant stéréotype a
vécu. On pouvait se demander ce que pouvaient avoir en
commun des gens accourus de tous les points du globe et qui se
souciaient du colérique Jéhovah comme d'une guigne.
Mais surtout, sans tambour ni trompette, les ingénieux
idéologues du sionisme ont, de fait, abandonné depuis
longtemps l'idée qu'il fallait peupler Israël avec
des juifs, entendons des juifs issus des vieilles sociétés
juives de l'Europe, du Maghreb et du Proche-Orient. On peut supposer
que les dirigeants politiques d'Israël ont convoqué,
dans les années 60 ou 70, le petit clan des idéologues
du sionisme et les ont obligés à avaler l'amère
pilule en leur tenant à peu près ce langage: «La
diaspora se tarit, les Arabes pullulent, les juifs vont manquer,
il faut donc importer massivement des esclaves et forcer les rabbins
à les badigeonner de juiverie. Sinon, Israël disparaîtra
dans vingt ans.»
Alors sionistes et rabbins ont dû
se mettre au boulot. Peut-être pas de gaîté
de coeur. Les rabbins aussi ont besoin de manger et ils ont le
droit de faire des affaires. D'abord, on a importé des
Africains. Les rabbins ont dû se déjuger vite fait
et admettre, au contraire de tout ce qu'ils avaient affirmé
auparavant, que les Falashas éthiopiens étaient
Cette sinistre plaisanterie, concernant
une toute petite population de schismatiques, séparés
(ce que veut dire "falasha") de l'Eglise monophysite
copte éthiopienne, utilisant d'ailleurs le guèze,
la langue liturgique de cette Eglise, allait provoquer un drame
terrible. Profitant des troubles politiques qui agitaient l'Ethiopie,
le Mossad a monté une vaste opération au Soudan
pour faire descendre les Falashas des hauts-plateaux où
ils vivaient, pour monter dans des avions clandestins et arriver
à Bruxelles, sous la protection d'un autre agent du Mossad,
le ministre belge de l'intérieur, Ivan Gol. Cette odyssée
a fait plus de 6000 morts. Ceux qui connaissent le terrain et
ont une idée de ce que cela représente que de descendre
les 2000 mètres de dénivelé en direction
de la plaine soudanaise surchauffée, sans eau et sans nourriture,
Les quelques milliers de Falashas ainsi
récupérés (opération financée
par de cyniques juifs américains) se sont révélés
à peu près inassimilables, sauf pour les jeunes
hommes qu'on envoie à l'armée.
Israéliens sont entrés en tractation avec le gouvernement
chinois. En effet, au début du XIXe siècle, quelques
missionnaires ont fait état de la présence des quelques
toute petites communautés de Chinois juifs, et se disant
tels, dans quelques villes, en particulier Kaifeng, ancienne capitale
impériale. Ces juifs étaient apparemment les descendants
de quelques commerçants venus d'Iran, mais complètement
fondus dans la population et sinisés. Et puis, dans le
courant du siècle, ces petits groupes ont disparu, probablement
en raison de l'indifférence des autorités. Il n'y
avait pas en Chine assez de chrétiens ou de musulmans pour
protéger les juifs. Les juifs chinois en ont eu simplement
assez de ces histoires juives. Bref, les autorités israéliennes
se sont dit qu'il y avait là un vrai filon. Avec quelques
poignées de dollars, il serait assez facile de convaincre
quelques millions de Chinois qu'ils étaient, en fait, des
juifs, c'est-à-dire des descendants putatifs de juifs ayant
supposément existé à des dates anciennes
qu'il vaut mieux ne pas trop préciser. Et par conséquent,
puisque la qualité de juif, selon la halakha, ne
se perd pas (sauf pour les convertis au christianisme), on avait
là un réservoir prodigieux de juifs que les rabbins
allaient pouvoir blanchir dare-dare.
Les autorités chinoises se sont
fait tirer l'oreille. Elles préféraient acheter
les gadgets de technologie américaine que les Israéliens
étaient disposés à leur vendre, une opération
d'autant plus rentables que les Israéliens n'avaient qu'à
se servir dans les arsenaux américains sans payer, soit
que les Américains donnent, soit que les espions juifs
La chute du communisme allait reporter
ces spéculations à un avenir qui s'approche. Le
réservoir russe était potentiellement énorme
et très attractif, plein de juifs "ready-made".
Mais les juifs russes ne sont pas toujours ce que l'on croit.
Aujourd'hui, la presse israélienne n'en fait pas mystère,
mais les idiots de l'Occident ne veulent pas le savoir, la moitié
des immigrants venus de Russie ne sont pas juifs, de quelque façon
qu'on les prenne. Mais ils immigrent encore tous les jours en
masse. Les rabbins ont fini par renoncer à les badigeonner.
Plus récemment, on a vu une opération
aussi subtile que prometteuse. On sait qu'en Amérique latine,
les missionnaires protestants, ceux qui propagent les vues et
les méthodes les plus simplistes chez les "indigènes"
en faisant appel aux émotions, aux transes et aux chants
extatiques, ont taillé des croupières à l'Eglise
catholique, si longtemps liée au pouvoir colonial. Flairant
l'aubaine, des rabbins ont commencé à travailler
sur ces gens presque incultes mais vaguement christianisés
pour récupérer ceux qui veulent bien aller faire
les domestiques, les ouvriers agricoles et les chiens de garde
dans le "pays du dieu". Des Indiens du Pérou
se voient ainsi "judaïsés" en un clin d'oeil.
(voir plus bas)
Certains regardent vers des populations
marginales de l'Inde. Alexandre Adler, le porc multicarte, lorgne
vers certaines tribus afghanes. Le mythe des Tribus perdues alimente
toutes les supercheries.
Aujourd'hui, Israël se comporte comme
le sergent recruteur des armées de l'ancien régime:
des promesses, du vin, quelques piécettes et on embarque
les pauvres, les sans-terre, les démunis de tout, qu'on
va installer dans des colonies, dans des mobil-homes dégueulasses,
en collant une mitraillette dans les mains du fils de la famille
pour qu'il aille se faire tuer au service des juifs. Aux juifs
de la diaspora, on cache ces choses.
Ce pauvre Camus ne comprend rien à
rien et ne sait pas de quoi il parle. Le côté "ethnique",
"juif", "race élue" et toutes ces conneries,
c'est bon pour les juifs de France et les intellectuels qui leur
collent au cul. Mais sur le terrain, ça ne veut strictement
rien dire. La seule réalité indiscutable est qu'il
faut peupler la Palestine avec des gens qui ne soient pas arabes.
Tout sauf les Arabes. Envoyez les Eskimos, les Patagoons, les
Silésiens, les Rouergats, les Comanches, tout ce que vous
trouverez, avec une tête sur laquelle on pourra mettre une
kippa le vendredi. Mais pas d'Arabes. Les Arabes, il faut les
chasser. Les exterminer. La Solution finale point.
USINES À FABRIQUER DES JUIFS
- By Neri
- In a prefab structure
at a school in the West Bank settlement of Alon Shvut, a few
dozen people are sitting and singing a popular Hasidic song:
"The whole world is a very narrow bridge and the main thing
is not to be afraid." They are singing with feeling, even
though most of them don't understand a word of the song. As is
the custom in religious schools, the class is divided into a
men's section and a women's section. The women are wearing hats
and the men's heads are covered by knitted skullcaps. The men
and women alike have distinct South American Indian features
and are dark-skinned.
- Batya Mendel, who until
two months ago was a Peruvian citizen whose first name was Blanca,
analyzes the situation with surprising passion and self-confidence:
"Yasser Arafat isn't even a Palestinian and he has no rights
to the Land of Israel because he wasn't born in the Land of Israel.
This land was promised eternally by God only to those who were
born here. Just because I was born in Peru and don't have Jewish
roots makes no difference, because the Book of Zephania states
that those who want to believe in the Holy One and be believing
Jews -- only they have rights to the Land of Israel. Maybe, when
the Messiah comes and all the Palestinians are converted to Judaism
and believe in God with complete faith, only then will we allow
them to live in the Land of Israel."
- Almost unnoticed, a
new branch of Jews is springing up in the settlements, Jews
who are connected to Israel and all things Israeli by a very
narrow bridge indeed. They have yet to visit Tel Aviv or Haifa,
and they have never even heard of Degania, the very first kibbutz,
or its neighbor, Kinneret. Miki Kratsman, the photographer, and
I had the privilege of being the first secular Jews they ever
met. Nevertheless, they feel as deeply rooted and authentic as
that composer of quintessentially Israeli songs, Naomi Shemer.
They are fired with a historic sense of their right to this land,
as though they were the Zinati family from Peki'in, the ancient
Jewish town in Galilee.
- "We are of Indian
origin," says Nachshon Ben-Haim, formerly Pedro Mendosa,
"but in Peru, in the Andes, there is no Indian culture left.
Everyone has become Christian, and before we became Jews, we
also were Christians who went to church."
- The miracle of the creation
of this community of new Jews has to be chalked up wholly and
exclusively to the credit -- or debit -- of the Chief Rabbinate
of Israel. Two months ago, at the order of the Ashkenazi chief
rabbi, Israel Meir Lau, a delegation of rabbis traveled to Peru.
During their two weeks in the country, they converted 90 people
to Judaism, most of them of Indian origin.
- "We found a small
river between Trujillo and Cajamarca and everyone immersed in
it. We took the people from Lima to be immersed in the ocean
and then we also had to remarry them all in a Jewish ceremony
according to the halakha [Jewish religious law]," says Rabbi
Eliyahu Birnbaum, a judge in the conversion court and a member
of the delegation.
- The rabbis converted only
those who said they were willing to immigrate to Israel immediately.
- "We laid down that
condition because in the remote areas where they live, there
is no possibility of keeping kosher and it was important for
us to ensure that they would live in a Jewish environment. In
fact, there was no need for the condition because they were in
any case imbued with a love of the Land of Israel in a way that
is hard to describe," explains Rabbi David Mamo, the deputy
president of the Conversion Court.
- Birnbaum adds: "Because
we saw their enthusiasm for the Land of Israel, we understood
that conversion was part of a complete process including aliyah
[immigration to Israel], so we told them: Just as you live in
a community here, you should join a community in Israel, too.
Rabbi Mamo and I both live in Gush Etzion [a bloc of settlements
south of Bethlehem] and we believe that when it comes to community-oriented
settlements, there are none that can compare with Alon Shvut
and Karmei Tzur [both in Gush Etzion], which said they would
be willing to absorb the new immigrants."
- Mamo notes that his settlement,
Neveh Daniel, also in Gush Etzion, "would have been happy
to receive such a distinguished reinforcement, but we are unable
to provide complete housing and absorption - and you have to
understand what absorption means in Karmei Tzur and Alon Shvut.
Words cannot describe the warm personal attitude toward each
new immigrant, the care and the concern for all their physical
and spiritual needs, and, of course, the ulpan [intensive Hebrew
course] and the organized social activity. It is the best community
integration program that we know of."
- The Columbus factor
- The 90 new immigrants,
comprising 18 families, were taken straight from the airport
to the two settlements. Leah Golan, director of the Jewish Agency
department that is responsible for immigration from all Western
countries (apart from those in the former Communist Bloc), says,
"we as the Jewish Agency bring to Israel anyone who has
been defined as being entitled to aliyah - that is, anyone who
has been recognized as a Jew by the Chief Rabbinate or the Interior
- Adds Golan: "Generally,
the potential immigrants are in touch with our aliyah emissaries
and are given very reliable information about housing, employment
and education possibilities in Israel. But in Peru, we do not
have an emissary: There is only a small Jewish community of about
3,000 people there, so we only have an office in Lima that is
staffed by a local woman. Therefore, the Jewish Agency was not
involved in any way in the decision about where these new immigrants
would live or what kind of work they would do. All the decisions
on those subjects were apparently made by the rabbis."
- Theoretically, the new
Jews had the option of joining the Jewish community in Peru,
but that was ruled out.
- "How can I put it
without hurting anyone?" Birnbaum says. "The community
in Lima consists of a certain socioeconomic class and did not
want them because they are from a lower level. There was
a kind of agreement that if they were converted, they would not
join the Lima community, so there was no choice but to lay down
the condition that they immigrate to Israel."
- The new Jews have not
encountered similar difficulties in the settlements, where they
have been integrated smoothly. "Now, thank God, we live
where the patriarch, Abraham, the No. 1 Jew, roamed," says
Ephraim Perez, who until two weeks ago, in Trujillo, Peru, was
still known as Nilo.
- It turns out that Peru
also had an ancient Jewish forefather of its own: "It is
known that Christopher Columbus was a Jew," Mandel relates.
"And since he was in Peru, many Jews have been born there."
- Columbus was Jewish?
- Mandel: "They always
say that about him in Peru, and he visited many places in Peru
and left Jewish blood everywhere. There are also a lot of Christian
sects that obey the commandments since then. When we were Christians,
we also observed all kinds of commandments, such as Pascha [sic]
- So, in fact, you are of
- "No. In Peru everyone
is a mixture of natives and all kinds of conquerors, but there
was a great deal of Jewish influence through the Marranos [Jews
living during the Spanish Inquisition who secretly kept their
faith despite converting to Christianity] and through Columbus.
When we were still Christians and went to the church we observed
some commandments such as Shabbat and holidays."
- Rabbis Mamo and Birnbaum,
along with officials of the settlements, refer to the 90 new
Jews as the "Third Aliyah." The term, explains
Yeshaya Kasdu, the coordinator of the group of new immigrants
at Karmei Tzur, refers to the fact that "in 1990, there
was the First Aliyah of Jewish converts from Peru, then in 1991
came the Second Aliyah, and now we have the Third Aliyah."
[He is invoking the terminology for the waves of new immigrants
who came to Palestine in the early 20th century.]
- The circumstances in which
the First Aliyah from Peru was engendered are quite amazing.
The leader of the surprising conversion and immigration movement
from Peru was then known as Sigundo Villanueva; today he
has the name of Zerubavel Zidkiya. He is still considered the
leader of the new Jews, though most of them have never met him.
He and his wife and six of their children, all of whom have families,
live in the settlement of Tapuah; two of their children live
in Jerusalem. One daughter, Yocheved, lives in the city's ultra-Orthodox
Mea She'arim neighborhood, and her brother, Yeshaya Zidkiya,
is studying in a yeshiva of newly religious Jews.
- Zerubavel Zidkiya's brother,
Mordechai Meir (formerly Elvaro Villanueva), and his children
also live in Tapuah. Zidkiya's daughter, Hava Peretz, explains
that her father does not want to be interviewed "because
he is old and sick and doesn't want to spout nonsense."
Mordechai Meir, the brother, agreed to be interviewed for this
article, but his wife, who has been in the country for 12 years,
but can barely speak a coherent sentence in Hebrew, grabbed the
receiver from him and shouted, "You not come here, you who
say in paper things not good. We are Jews like you, go from here."
- When we arrived at their
house we were firmly ejected by their son, a young, robust lad.
So we had to make do with what we heard from Hava Peretz, who
after inviting us to her home in Tapuah, supposedly in order
to take us to meet her parents, told us unequivocally that her
father had gone to Jerusalem that morning, while her mother,
of whom we just managed to catch a glimpse, "has just gone
to Petah Tikva with the rest of the family in order to buy a
- The residents of Tapuah,
by the way, showed no interest in receiving the new group from
Peru. Their experience with the former group was not very good,
we were told by the secretary, Daniel Shukrun. They have remained
a very closed group, he says, a community within a community.
- The road to Judaism
- "The Tribes of Israel,"
a book by Rabbi Eliahu Avihayil, tells the story of "The
Children of Moses in Peru." Even Avihayil, who finds Jewish
communities under every bush in his relentless search for
the lost tribes of Israel, does not claim that the new Jews
from Peru are of Jewish seed. Still, he notes: "Offspring
of Marranos used to live in and around Cajamarca, and to this
day, there is a tradition in the town of Celendin that they came
with the Portuguese to the region and it is possible that someone
in the group may have Jewish roots."
- The story of the rebirth
of hundreds of Indians as Jews imbued with a belief in Greater
Israel thus begins with a revelation. According to Peretz,
her grandfather by chance came into the possession of "the
book of the Old Testament. He said -- Aha, very interesting,
there is also an Old Testament, not only a New Testament. When
my father, Sigundo, was 15 years old, he gave him the book to
- Until then, the brothers
Sigundo and Alvero were practicing Christians. "My father
read the book and he right away liked it very much," Peretz
continues. "Then my father and my mother got married and
my father persuaded her that they should keep Shabbat and she
- The Villanueva family
lived in Cajamarca, a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants,
located 600 kilometers northwest of Lima and perched about 2,700
meters high in the foothills of the Andes. It was here that the
last of the Inca sovereigns was executed by the Spanish conqueror
Francisco Pizarro, in 1533.
- "My father was born
in Celendin and only afterward his family moved to Cajamarca.
In Celendin there was a group of people who believed they were
descendants of the Marranos. They also have a god called Adomolen,
which is like Adon Olam [master of the universe, one of the designations
of God in Hebrew]."
- So your father is a descendant
of the Marranos?
- Peretz: "No, I don't
think so. But I think influences of Jews came through the Marranos,
because there is no god called Adomolen anywhere else in Peru.
It is a special god of people who were close to the Marranos."
priez pour nous !
- In Cajamarca, the first-born
of the Villanueva family, Sigundo, started to read the Bible
in earnest and to observe the Sabbath. His brother, Alvero, followed
in his footsteps. At a certain stage, the two decided that they
had no choice but to leave the church and become Shabbat-observing
- "They went through
all kinds of spiritual journeys," Rabbi Birnbaum says. "That
is what characterized the whole group of the First Aliyah from
Peru. Sigundo Villanueva, who is a very charismatic individual,
apparently swept everyone with him, and contrary to the postmodernist
search today, in which people look for meaning and how to realize
the 'I,' they sought the truth, which is a type of quest that
is very much out of fashion nowadays. You could call it an ancient
search in a modern world. They sacrificed the 'I' in order to
search for the truth, and in their search, they went through
all kinds of religions and sects, all in the wake of Sigundo-Zerubavel,
until they arrived at Judaism together with him."
- School on Shabbat
- "The Tribes of Israel"
relates that in 1954, the whole group (which, in addition to
the families of the Villanueva brothers, also included local
people -- about 50 in all) joined a community of vegetarians
in Cajamarca. Being vegetarian enabled them to keep kosher.
- "My father was a
carpenter and my mother was a housewife," Hava Peretz continues.
"When I was a little girl, we suddenly started to keep the
Sabbath. My brothers and sisters and I all went to a Christian
school and we suffered a lot there because all the exams were
on Shabbat and my parents wouldn't let us go to school on Shabbat.
So we kept getting failing grades, and we failed in all our subjects
and all the teachers hated us.
- "Father kept having
to transfer us to worse schools, until finally we went to the
school of the poorest people in Cajamarca, because that was the
only school where the principal agreed to let us take exams on
weekdays. That is why we wanted to come to the Land of Israel
since we were little. Father would read to us from the Old Testament
and we grew up on stories from the Land of Israel, so in the
end, when we finally immigrated and we came to [the settlement
of] Elon Moreh, we felt we had come home because these were the
stories we were raised on."
- In 1961, the Villanueva
brothers decided to leave the evangelical church and establish
an autonomous community. Many students joined Sigundo's group,
and in 1967, by now numbering about 200 people, they decided
to leave Cajamarca and build their own neighborhood outside the
city. They made contact with Rabbi Abraham Ben Hamo, then the
Sephardi rabbi of Lima, and he sent them books on Judaism. The
leaders of the group then decided that the males had to be circumcised
and eventually found a Jewish physician, Dr. Reuven Cogan, who,
in 1971, agreed to perform the mass ceremony. However, serious
arguments broke out over this issue. About half the men in the
group refused to undergo the ritual and left with their families.
As a result, the "kibbutz" outside Cajamarca broke
up and its members moved to Cajamarca, Trujillo and Lima.
- Not long afterward, Sigundo's
whole family moved to Trujillo, a city also located in northwest
Peru (current population: about 650,000), "so that we would
be able to keep up our lives in an organized group and not
mix in with others, because we were like a commune,"
- "We went about eight
kilometers out of the city and at a place called El Milagro,
in a desert, we built our community. There was no water and no
electricity. We did everything slowly, by ourselves. Then my
father also built a synagogue -- not alone, everyone helped him
-- and we started to go to the synagogue. My father taught there
and afterward also my little brother, Yehesha."
- Fear of mixed marriage
- The breakup of the community
outside Cajamarca also generated a leadership struggle between
the Villanueva brothers. In July 1987, David Lis an engineer
from Rishon Letzion who spent a long time in Peru, sent a letter
to Rabbi Avihayil's Amishav Society requesting assistance so
that the members of the group could be formally converted to
Judaism and immigrate to Israel. The rabbis in Lima, Ben Hamo
and his Ashkenazi counterpart, Yaakov Kraus, made a similar recommendation
to the Chief Rabbinate of Israel. At the end of 1989, with the
consent of the chief rabbi, Mordechai Eliyahu, a delegation that
included Rabbi Avihayil and Rabbi Mordechai Uriya, the president
of the Haifa Rabbinical Court, traveled to Peru. There they co-opted
Rabbi Kraus and established a conversion court that converted
58 people from Trujillo and Lima.
- "On the 23rd day
of the month of Menachem Av 5749 [August 24, 1989], the Children
of Moses immersed themselves according to Jewish law in the Mocha
River. Then weddings were held, according to halakha, for all
those who were previously married, with great festivity. The
conversion in Lima of the Alvero, Villanueva and Seliroses families
was completed on the 28th day of the month of Menachem Av on
the shore of Lima."
- Immediately afterward,
they immigrated to Israel and
settled at Elon Moreh. Rabbi Uriya was asked to assist, as he
had previously been an emissary in Latin America for a few years.
- "The chief rabbis
asked me to join Rabbi Avihayil, as I speak Spanish," he
explains, "and I did go with him. At first I was astonished
to see Indians, real Indians, who wanted to convert to Judaism,
but then I saw that they were strong in their faith and that
they observe the commandments. They are very simple but good-hearted
people with a powerful spirit, and after examining the matter
we decided to convert them. However, we did not convert all of
them, only those we saw as serious and who said they were willing
to 'go up' [immigrate] to the Land of Israel."
- How did they come to Judaism?
- Uriya: "The Indians
are Christians, and in Christianity there are sects who observe
Shabbat and keep kosher. So these people reached the conclusion
that as long as they were already observing Shabbat and keeping
kosher, they might as well be Jews."
- But why make their conversion
conditional on their immigrating to Israel? After all, aren't
there many people who become Jews but do not move to Israel?
- "The condition was
because of the agreement that was reached with rabbis of the
previous generation, according to which it is forbidden to convert
people who intend to remain in Peru. I think that what underlies
that regulation is fear of mixed marriage."
- Who decided that they
would go to settlements in the territories?
- "That I really do
not know. It may have been due to considerations of where they
could be best integrated and that the settlements agreed to receive
- Haaretz, 18 juillet 2002.
- Zap -- You're
- by Hirsh Goodman
- When it comes to the
settlement movement, the sky is now the limit,including
a crash course of 12 working days in how to transform from an
Andes Indian into a settler Jew
- The Ha'aretz
newspaper's weekend magazine of July 19 carried a cover story
about 90 Indians from villages tucked far up in the remote mountains
of Peru who had been converted to Judaism in Lima in a record
two weeks. They were then flown to Israel where they were sent
directly to two Israeli settlements on the West Bank, Alon Shvut
and Karmei Tzur, where they will study in yeshivah and pray,
at the state's expense, for the messiah to arrive.
- The 90, constituting
18 family units, remarkably, were converted by an official rabbinical
delegation sent from Israel with the blessings of Chief Ashkenazi
Rabbi Israel Lau. Though they cannot speak a word of Hebrew,
the 90 were given Hebrew names. Though they have never heard
of Theodor Herzl, they are ardent Zionists who do not doubt for
a minute that Israel is the Jewish state. And while Israeli politics
are a total mystery to them, as is the debate over the future
of the territories, that Judea and Samaria belong to the State
of Israel is beyond question.
- Why the 90 Peruvian
Indians wanted to become Jewish was not made quite clear in the
piece, other than a general sentiment that Abraham was the father
of us all. What is made clear is that the 3,000-strong Peruvian
Jewish community told the rabbinical delegation that they could
convert whomever they want, as long as the converts don't remain
in Peru. The Jewish community, it was explained, has enough difficulties
of its own without having to deal with the "socioeconomic"
problems the new converts would have brought with them.
- One explanation for
this passion to become Jewish, though, may be that a warm
mobile home in the Judean Hills was a better prospect
than scratching out a living in the Andes. [...]
- Adding to our numbers
is admirable in these troubled times, but why a serious and staid
Jewish scholar like Rabbi Lau would go along with the scheme
is an enigma. One can understand the folks at Alon Shvut
and Karmei Tzur being happy to get their hands on anyone prepared
to join them. But it is hard to believe that Israel would
send out an official rabbinical delegation to convert
these people to a religion they know nothing about and bring
them slap into the middle of a conflict they have no part
- To have done so is,
frankly, incomprehensible and becomes all the more so
when viewed in the context of the rabbinate's attitude toward
others who have tried to convert. Why, one wonders, does it take
only two weeks to convert a Peruvian mountain Indian while tens
of thousands of immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union,
who have been here for a decade, serve in the army and
have become the backbone of society, are put through the wringer
before they are accepted as Jews? The criteria demanded of them
for conversion are so strict that most simply cannot go through
the process. In consequence they have to continue going to Cyprus
to get married, and are buried outside the cemetery wall, even
when they die for their country. And here we have people
who don't know a mohel from a shohet who are immediately inducted
into what is supposed to be a non-proselytizing religion and
brought to Israel to live on the dole.
- I am all for the ingathering
of the exiles and I have nothing against Peruvians, Indian or
otherwise. But I find it confusing when someone like Sigundo
Villanova seems to get one up on someone as undeniably brilliant
as Rabbi Israel Lau and on the government of Israel by circumventing
the regular immigration route of the Jewish Agency.
- As always, it seems
that when it comes to supporting the needs of the settlement
movement, at the end of the day, the sky is the limit, including
a crash course of 12 working days in how to transform from an
Andes Indian into a settler Jew. The main requirement is that
our 90 new brethren believe that all of the Land of Israel is
ours and like their leader, the now-Zerubavel Tzadkiya, dividends
will come down the road when the children and grandchildren,
many of them, will make places like Tapuah thrive.
- Tapuah, apple in Hebrew,
was once considered a rotten apple by the mainstream settler
movement, a place inhabited by fanatics who adhered to the
hate philosophy of the late rabbi Meir Kahane. The community
was an embarrassment to serious Land of Israel idealists who
claimed they had an aspiration to coexist with the Arabs. That
they should now be bending even the most sacred rules to make
the spirit of Tapuah thrive is a sign of just how desperate and
confused the settler movement -- and the rabbinate that is effectively
supporting them -- seems to have become.
- The Jerusalem Report
NÉO-JUIFS SONT DANS LA PLAINE
- 656 nouveaux immigrants
sont arrivés la semaine dernière en Israël.
- L'Agence juive annonce
que 342 sont originaires de Russie et d'Europe de l'Est. 135
sont venus de France, 61 d'Argentine et les autres de Belgique,
de Suisse, de Grande-Bretagne, d'Afrique du sud, d'Allemagne,
d'Ethiopie, d'Inde, du Brésil, de Colombie, des Etats-Unis
et du Canada. Depuis le début de l'année 2002,
17.608 nouveaux immigrés sont arrivés en Israël.
[On ne nous donne jamais le nombre de départs...
- Arutz 7, 4 août
A CONQUIS L'IRAQ ?
Les Perses de Cyrus (-500)
Alexandre le Grand (-300)
Les Romains n'ont pas osé.
Les Perses sassanides (100)
Les Arabes juste devenus musulmans (650)
Les Byzantins n'ont pas osé.
Les Anglais (1920)
Les Américains n'ont pas osé
A qui le tour ?
QUESTION CENTRALE: L'ILLÉGITIMITÉ DE L'ENTREPRISE
Le Monde a dû racler les fonds
de tiroir pour trouver un malheureux sioniste encore capable d'aligner
ses pauvres arguments pour justifier les massacres en cours. Nous
allons commenter ce chef d'oeuvre.
trois légitimités d'Israël
- C'était à
la fin des années 1950. A Jérusalem, David Ben
Gourion et Nahum Goldmann eurent une conversation qui dura jusqu'au
petit matin. Les deux personnalités en présence,
en dépit de leurs convictions sionistes communes, étaient
fondamentalement différentes: le fondateur d'Etat plein
d'énergie faisait face au grand diplomate, un sceptique
ironique dans la tradition de la diaspora. Ben Gourion exprima
des pensées étonnamment sombres. Il estimait qu'il
pourrait encore être enterré en Israël, mais
sans doute plus son fils Amos. Goldmann l'interrogea sur les
raisons d'un tel pessimisme. Après quelques hésitations,
Ben Gourion livra son doute le plus profond: jamais les Arabes
n'accepteraient Israël. Assurément, Dieu avait promis
le pays au peuple d'Israël. Mais, poursuivit Ben Gourion,
ce dieu est notre Dieu, cela n'engage aucunement les Arabes.
L'anéantissement des juifs d'Europe, l'Holocauste? Il
faudrait plutôt vider la Rhénanie des Allemands
pour faire de la place à un Etat juif. Mais en quoi les
Arabes étaient-ils concernés par cela? Après
un long silence pensif, Goldmann répliqua ironiquement
qu'il espérait que les Arabes ne penseraient pas comme
Ben Gourion. Cette conversation nocturne entre Nahum Goldmann
et Ben Gourion touchait le coeur du conflit entre Arabes et Juifs:
la question de la légitimité.
- Autrement dit, comment
les Juifs et les Arabes palestiniens justifient-ils les uns par
rapport aux autres leur prétention sur cette terre? En
ce qui concerne Israël, sa légitimité n'est
pas évidente, mais se partage en trois variantes.
On peut appeler la promesse divine à laquelle se
réfère Ben Gourion la légitimation unilatérale.
Une telle prétention ne peut guère obliger les
Arabes, qui sont ses adversaires directs dans le conflit. C'est
pourquoi elle doit être pour ainsi dire imposée
physiquement, par la poursuite de la colonisation des territoires
occupés au nom de la Bible. Cette promesse lie également,
dans une version séculière amoindrie, les Israéliens
qui, pour des raisons pragmatiques, se sont tenus à l'écart
des territoires occupés depuis 1967. Qui renonce à
Hébron, leur dit-on, abandonne la prétention sur
Tel-Aviv. Pourtant, les arguments contraires sont nombreux. Les
frontières de 1948 sont d'une certaine façon sacro-saintes.
[Mais non, en aucune façon. D'ailleurs ce ne sont
pas des frontières et elles ne sont reconnues comme telles
par personne, pas même Israël. ] Il s'agit
après tout des "frontières d'Auschwitz",
comme les appela Abba Eban, l'ancien ministre israélien
des affaires étrangères, après la foudroyante
victoire militaire de 1967. Il voulait dire par là qu'un
repli sur les frontières de 1948, en raison de leur précarité
militaire, n'entrait pas en ligne de compte. Abba Eban
forgea l'expression "frontières d'Auschwitz"
dans une intention péjorative. Mais cette image
pourrait, en un tout autre sens, fonder une légitimité
puisée dans les horreurs de l'Holocauste. [C'est
à ça que servent la loi Gayssot et toutes sortes
de chantages grotesques ] Israël tire de l'anéantissement
des Juifs le droit impérieux de protéger ces "frontières
d'Auschwitz", y compris par la menace de destruction au
moyen de l'arme ultime. [D'Auschwitz à Hiroshima,
on voit ce qu'est l'éthique juive... la rationalité
du massacre ]
- La légitimité
des frontières d'Auschwitz -- les frontières d'Israël
de 1948 à 1967 -- n'est pourtant que partiellement universelle.
[On peut même franchement dire qu'elle n'est pas
universelle du tout ! ] En effet, l'Holocauste n'oblige
catégoriquement que le monde occidental. Il est étroitement
solidaire de l'antisémitisme, lequel appartient à
une tradition noire de la chrétienté. [C'est
un froid mensonge, mais il sert encore beaucoup. En réalité,
et de plus en plus de gens s'en rendent compte, le Zolo n'oblige
personne. C'est un truc du siècle dernier, basta ! ]
Si l'antisémitisme devait "s'universaliser"
au-delà de l'Occident, la légitimation de l'Etat
juif liée à l'expérience de l'antisémitisme
pourrait également prétendre à une validité
universelle. Ce serait le cas par exemple si les Arabes et les
musulmans engagés dans le conflit faisaient leur la vision
du monde paranoïaque de l'antisémitisme. [C'est
un raisonnement idiot qu'il convient de remettre sur ses pieds:
si les juifs justifient par leurs actes la haine universelle,
ils devront s'arrêter ou disparaître. ]
- A côté
de la légitimité unilatérale de la promesse
divine et de la légitimité partiellement universelle
des frontières d'Auschwitz, il y a une troisième
légitimation possible d'Israël. Elle est à
la fois simple et complexe: Israël a un droit irrévocable
à l'existence pour la simple raison qu'il existe.
Une telle tautologie apparente du pur état de fait est
fondée en termes de droit naturel. Elle est par là
universelle. [Ça, c'est la meilleure. C'est la légitimation
du fait accompli, l'abolition complète du droit, la reconnaissance
de la nature exclusivement brutale et prédatrice du sionisme,
l'aveu irréfragable de la nature colonialiste et terroriste
de cette entreprise. Ben Gourion avait bien raison de douter
qu'on puisse accepter ses descendants. ] C'est précisément
ce qui fait de cette variante de la légitimité
la seule valable d'un point de vue politiquement réaliste.
Du côté des Arabes, il suffirait de reconnaître
l'état de fait de l'existence d'Israël, indépendamment
de toute légitimation israélienne interne, qu'elle
se réfère à la Bible ou à Auschwitz.
[Pourquoi prendre les autres pour des idiots ? Ben Gourion,
et avant lui Jabotinsky l'avaient bien dit: jamais les Arabes
(ni quiconque d'ailleurs) n'accepteront de se voir déposséder
de leur pays. Les juifs devront donc en partir. ] Nahum
Goldmann a dû penser à une reconnaissance de l'état
de fait quand il a répliqué à Ben Gourion
qu'il espérait que les Arabes ne penseraient pas comme
- Les trois espèces
de légitimité, la sioniste, la juive et l'israélienne,
n'apparaissent sans doute pas dans leur pureté, mais dans
des mélanges de compositions variées et parfois
contradictoires. Elles n'en déterminent pas moins souterrainement
l'agenda politique. Ainsi la clôture élevée
à présent entre Israël et les territoires
occupés tout au long de la frontière de 1948, si
elle se justifie par des arguments de sûreté, trace
surtout une ligne entre les emblèmes physiques des deux
principaux discours de légitimation de l'Etat juif : la
légitimité unilatérale, telle qu'elle est
réclamée par les colons et leurs partisans, et
la légitimité partiellement universelle, qui s'appuie
sur le vieil Israël de 1948 et les frontières d'Auschwitz.
Au lieu de décider politiquement de la priorité
à établir entre ces légitimités,
le débat est déplacé au moyen de la clôture.
Il se traduit par une plus grande sécurité pour
les Israéliens de l'intérieur et une sécurité
moindre des colons dans les territoires occupés.
- Les négociateurs
israéliens et palestiniens envoyés à Oslo
en 1993 ne pensaient pas comme Ben Gourion, ou plutôt ne
pouvaient pas penser comme lui. Il leur était vite devenu
clair que parler de la légitimité historique et,
du même coup, du passé ne pouvait conduire qu'à
une collision de leurs consciences respectives et à une
rupture des discussions. Le passé pouvant être lu
et interprété différemment dans le sens
des autolégitimations respectives, ce n'est qu'au présent
que les Israéliens et les Palestiniens prêts au
compromis peuvent se rencontrer. Pour parvenir à la conclusion
d'une paix, il convenait de neutraliser le passé.
C'est ce qui arriva, les deux partis s'imposant une amnésie
provisoire. Il convenait de différer les questions ultimes
du conflit -- le problème de Jérusalem, de l'esplanade
des Mosquées ou mont du Temple comme le problème
du "droit au retour" palestinien -- pour éviter
l'échec. Ce calcul ne tint pas. Il fut contrecarré
dans les deux camps par les adversaires de l'accord israélo-palestinien.
Les discussions finirent ainsi dans l'impasse des "questions
ultimes" existentielles et, en principe, non négociables
de l'appartenance et de la légitimité. Camp David
échoua sur la question de Jérusalem, nommément
celle de la souveraineté sur le mont du Temple ou esplanade
des Mosquées, comme sur la question des réfugiés
arabes de 1948, précisément sur la question du
"droit au retour" réclamé par les Palestiniens.
- La question de Jérusalem
et de la souveraineté sur le mont du Temple ou esplanade
des Mosquées est rattachée à la légitimité
biblique et unilatérale d'Israël. Ce ne fut pas
toujours le cas. Les premiers sionistes et même Ben
Gourion, le fondateur de l'Etat, s'étaient efforcés
pendant des décennies de se tenir à l'écart
des Lieux saints. Ils pressentaient les menaces apocalyptiques
qui pouvaient en provenir. Avec la guerre de juin 1967, le
discours de légitimation d'Israël s'est déplacé.
Le mont du Temple est devenu une icône de la conscience
politique, et cela bien que tous les gouvernements israéliens
aient maintenu le statu quo sur ces Lieux saints sous le contrôle
des musulmans. L'exigence palestinienne d'une reconnaissance
israélienne du "droit au retour" eut aussi des
effets dramatiques pour les réfugiés arabes de
la guerre de 1948, au demeurant une pièce centrale de
la conscience palestinienne. Au-delà de l'accueil d'un
nombre à convenir de réfugiés arabes et
de leur descendance en Israël, un tel aveu équivalait
à une reconnaissance de culpabilité pour
la fuite et l'expulsion des Arabes de Palestine.
- A Camp David, il y a
deux ans, les questions de l'appartenance et de la légitimité
ont fait l'objet des négociations. Les deux partis, Arafat
et Barak, étaient menacés par le risque d'une guerre
civile en cas de concession sur les points centraux de leur conscience
collective respective. Mais l'alternative au risque interne de
guerre civile est la guerre avec l'extérieur.
- Dan Diner
est professeur d'histoire à l'université hébraïque
de Jérusalem et directeur de l'Institut Simon-Dubnow pour
l'histoire et la culture juives de l'université de Leipzig.
Traduit de l'allemand par Denis Thouard.
- Le Monde, 18 août 2002.
Dans le même numéro, on pouvait
lire l'information suivante en page 1: "Etroitement surveillée
du côté américain, la frontière entre
le Mexique et les Etats-Unis a été, entre 1998 et
2001, plus meurtrière que celle entre Israël et la
Palestine, 1573 clandestins y ont péri, pour la plupart,
perdus dans le désert".
Remarquons d'abord l'ignorance crasse
du propos: il n'y a pas de frontière entre "Israël
et la Palestine" pour au moins deux raisons fortes: Israël
n'a pas de frontière et n'en veut pas. D'autre par l'entité
nommée Israël se situe à l'intérieur
de l'entité géographique connue depuis plus de 2000
ans sous le nom de Palestine. Mais passons sur ces broutilles.
Commençons par rappeler que la
"frontière" entre le Mexique et les Eatst-Unis
a été imposée par la force, après
des opérations militaires menées par les expansionnistes
anglo-saxons qui se sont emparés d'immenses territoires
qui faisaient partie du Mexique et qui, comme tels, avaient été
administrés par la puissance coloniale espagnole. Les Mexicains
n'ont accepté ce coup de force (qui eut pour prétexte
l'abolition de l'esclavage par les Mexicains) que parce qu'ils
ne pouvaient pas faire autrement. Le Texas, le Nouveau Mexique,
l'Arizona et d'autres "Etats" font partie du territoire
mexicain historique. Quand un Mexicain traverse la "frontière"
il reste chez lui, et c'est bien pour ça que tant de gens
le font, qui n'ont pas besoin de lire l'histoire des traités
et de l'effroyable cynisme qu'ont toujours mis les Etats-Unis
à les bafouer.
On touche là à cet élément
constitutif des Etats-Unis, plus important encore que sa
fameuse Constitution, c'est le vol des terres à
la pointe du fusil. Recueillis comme de pauvres hères qu'ils
étaient par des Indiens vivant dans de prospères
communautés villageoises, fondés sur une savante
agriculture du maïs, les "Pères fondateurs",
chauffés, nourris et entretenus par des humanistes à
la "peau-rouge" n'ont eu de cesse de détruire
ces villages, prendre les terres et massacrer les hôtes
qui leur avaient permis de survivre à leur arrivée.
Cette histoire emblématique s'est reproduite partout. (Voir
Helen Jackson, Un siècle de déshonneur; Nelcya
Delanoë, L'entaille rouge). Les USA sont fondés
sur une énorme série de crimes contre l'humanité:
vols des terres et nettoyages ethniques. Combien de tribunaux
faudrait-il? Les Etats-Unis, fondés sur ce crime presque
oublié là-bas (sauf des Amérindiens) cherche
à pratiquer la même politique de force dans le monde
entier. C'est là qu'il faut chercher la racine de la solidarité
entre les USA et Israël, c'est celle qui unit les criminels
qui pratiquent les mêmes crimes, le génocide et le
nettoyage ethnique des terres volées.
Abolissons les Etats-Unis. Abolissons
Israël. La Terre se portera beaucoup mieux.
AMÉRICAINS SONT-ILS DES IMBÉCILES ?
beliefs fuel Christian support for Israel
- U.S. fundamentalists
are Jewish state's staunchest backers
- Jan Cienski
- Washington -- At a time
when Israel is increasingly beleaguered and bloodied, its strongest
political and financial backing is coming from evangelical Christians,
many of whom believe the Jewish state has to be supported so
Jesus Christ can return. The level of support is startling and
is growing rapidly. The International Fellowship of Christians
and Jews, a Chicago- based group headed by Canadian-born Rabbi
Yechiel Eckstein and funded mainly by evangelical churches, has
raised US$60-million for Israel in the past seven years. Last
month, U.S. evangelical congregations raised US$2-million to
help about 400 U.S. and Canadian Jews emigrate to Israel. kend,
Christian television stations across the United States held a
five-hour telethon to raise money for the victims of suicide
bombers in Israel. And on Oct. 20, Rabbi Eckstein's group hopes
to gather 100,000 churches and a million Christians for a day
of prayer and solidarity with Israel. Christian supporters of
Israel argue there are a host of reasons to back the Jewish state
besides helping speed along the apocalypse, such as God's promise
to Abraham in Genesis that those who bless Israel will themselves
- "This is where both
our faiths were born, where Moses and Jesus walked," said
Ralph Reed, an influential Republican lobbyist and strategist,
former director of the Christian Coalition and co- chairman with
Rabbi Eckstein of the Stand for Israel campaign. "There
are also shared democratic values... and Israel has historically
been our most reliable ally in that part of the world. A lot
of American Christians feel an almost patriotic duty to defend
Israel." But the core reason for the overwhelming support
for Israel among conservative Christians is the Biblical prophecy
of the end- times, a view that has received a boost with the
hugely successful novelization of the apocalypse in the 10-volume
Left Behind series. "When it comes to Israel, by and large
there is an admiration and a love of Israel and a certain love
of the Jewish people," said Marc Gopin, a professor of international
diplomacy at Boston's Tufts University and author of Holy War,
Holy Peace : How Religion Can Bring Peace to the Middle East.
"But a fairly large portion have a specific end-game in
- Unlike mainstream Christians,
who tend to read much of the Bible as allegory, conservative
Christians see it as the literal word of God, and that word spells
out impending doom for this world. A recent poll by Time magazine
found that 59% of Americans believe the events described in the
Book of Revelations will come true. According to a school of
Biblical interpretation called dispensationalism that dates back
to the 19th century, the sequence of events leading to the end
of the world begins when the Jews are restored to their homeland,
something that happened when the state of Israel was created.
That scenario then predicts Jews will become hated and despised
by the whole world and Israel will make an alliance with a powerful
figure who turns out to be the Biblical Antichrist. He will lead
his armies against a force of 200 million soldiers under the
"kings of the east" at Armageddon, near Jerusalem,
leading to the return of Jesus and the establishment of God's
kingdom on Earth.
- Some Jews will be destroyed
and the remaining Jews will accept Jesus as their Messiah. The
enthusiastic support of Christian conservatives has had a significant
impact on U.S. policy toward Israel. Based on the Bible, they
believe God gave all the land of Israel to the Jews, leaving
little room for a land-for-peace deal with the Palestinians.
Palestinians should aspire to "a prosperous life in Israel,"
said Tom DeLay, a born-again Christian and one of the most powerful
Republicans in the House of Representatives, during a recent
television interview. Although evangelical Christians were his
firmest supporters during the 2000 election, there is no evidence
that George W. Bush, the U.S. President, shares their millennial
views. But he is arguably the most fervent Christian president
in history and was strongly influenced by a 1998 trip to Israel
while he was governor of Texas. He has also been a strong backer
of Mr. Sharon's hard line toward Palestinian terrorism.
- While Mr. Reed, who occasionally
advises the President, doubts Mr. Bush is awaiting the coming
of the Lord in Jerusalem, he made it clear that "American
Christians are one of the most critical allies that the state
of Israel has in the whole world. "You can make a strong
case that the religious conservative constituency can have the
most significant impact on American foreign policy since the
end of the Cold War. They want to make sure that any peace process
respects Israel's sovereignty and security."
- National Post, Thursday, August 15, 2002
JUIFS SONT-ILS DES IMBÉCILES ?
- Red Heifer
to be Shipped To Israel
- Those of you who have
been following the red heifer stories are probably aware that
Melody, the red heifer born in Israel in late 1996, has been
disqualified for use in the Red Heifer Ceremony (see Numbers,
- Now, however, the Messianic
Times reports that Clyde Lott, a Mississippi cattle breeder,
is planning to airlift 500 Red Angus cattle to Israel, 140 of
them at a time. The purpose of these shipments is two fold; to
improve the quality of beef cattle in Israel, and to possibly
provide the stock necessary so that a qualified red heifer might
be born in the land of Israel which could be used in the Red
heifer ceremony. Lott is said to believe that between five and
seven of the heifers that are included in these shipments might
fit the Numbers 19 requirements for a totally red cow. It could
be from a descendant of one of these heifers that the eventual
red heifer sacrifice will be found....
- 14 Aug 2002
Rappelons aux incrédules que "certains"
juifs croient devoir hâter la fin du monde en commençant
à reconstruire le Temple de Salomon, ce qui en ferait la
troisième édition, la dernière ayant été
détruite par les troupes romaines qui en avaient légèrement
marre de ces judéens et de leur souk. L'un d'eux, Flavius
Josèphe a raconté tout ça très bien.
Un certain nombre de gens aujourd'hui
bien décidés à chasser les Arabes et à
détruire la mosquée Al Aqsa qui se trouve sur le
site supposé du Temple, veulent donc se lancer dans cette
mythique reconstruction. Pour pouvoir le faire avec l'accord de
leur dieu innomable Yavait-qu'à, il attendent un
signe. ils ont déterminé que ce signe serait la
naissance à Jérusalem d'une génisse rousse
qui serait complètement et purement rousse. C'est tiré
d'une texte bourré de recettes de magie et de prescriptions
finement tarabiscotées, et que personne ne lit jamais,
Nombres, un des cinq livres dits fondamentaux de la Thorah
ou, comme disent les chrétiens, le Pentateuque. En fait,
c'est le quatrième livre, juste avant celui qui est le
plus déterminant et qui est à la base de la fabrication
de l'identité juive, le Deutéronome, qui donne la
vraie "loi" raciste qui crée le juif. Là
on fournit, chapitre 19, une fameuse recette pour fabriquer de
l'eau lustrale, un superdétergent, à base de cendre
de génisse rousse, plus fort qu'Omo anti-redéposition.
Mais le hic c'est le poil de la génisse. Au bout de quelques
mois, les rabbins venus l'ausculter de près ont découvert
avec horreur qu'elle avait quelques poils blancs au bout de la
queue. Elle a été immédiatement disqualifiée,
comme une vulgaire dopée. Les calotins attendent maintenant
un nouveau geste du bon Yavait-qu'à, le dieu qui
lave plus roux.
Si on vous dit qu'ils sont un peu dérangés,
vous nous croirez ?
Allez voir directement la génisse
d'avril dernier à
National Review Online du 11 avril 2002 donne le contexte de ces assommantes
- TAKE THE MONEY
- By Israel Shamir
- Travel opens up the vistas
of your mind. It is wonderful to roam our beautiful Earth, from
France to Norway, from China to Russia, from Africa to Latin
America, enjoying its variety and hospitality, and the profession
of reporter gives you a chance to see the world. But eventually
one pays attention to an interesting coincidence. It could happen
to you in Marseille, as you walk by the inner harbour, or in
Brittany, in the fishermen' city of Oriente, in Guatemala or
Nicaragua, in Milan, this capital of Italian fashion, in Naples
or in Shanghai, in Russian White Sea port of Archangel or in
the middle of China, in Berlin and Hamburg, in the passes of
Hindukush, in Tokyo and Baghdad, Manila or Havana. Suddenly you
notice that all these exotic and diverse places have one thing
in common, -- they were bombed by Brits and Yankees. These guys
sure get around. Today we bomb Afghanistan, tomorrow -- the rest,
or whatever they sing in the Air Force.
- The reasons vary. They
had bombed China for the stubborn Chinese did not want to buy
their opium, Columbia, for they were selling drugs, Russians
and Vietnamese, for being Commies, Cambodians, for being there,
Germans and French, for offending Jews, Iraqis, for hard cash
and Sudanese by mistake.
- Now, we've got a sneak
preview of their next campaign, courtesy of the Washington Post
. The men in charge of the US, and I mean real mensch, not
this nincompoop in the White House, conspire to erase Iraq, to
continue with Saudi Arabia and finish off with Egypt. The news
was broken gently by a strategist with a wholesome all-American
name Murawiec, smuggled into Pentagon by one of the mensch in
charge, Defence Policy Board Chairman Richard N. Perle. This
Jewish hawk, a friend of Sharon, a devoted Zionist, should be
considered the real author of the blueprint calling for seizure
of the Arabian oil fields, transfer of Mecca and Medina unto
Jordanian rule and confiscation of Saudi assets.
- The Saudis have feigned
amazement, while the US columnists  tried to play down the
story and have a good laugh. It surely has its comic value. Glib
assessments, "Wars have been the principal output of the
Arab world" sound particularly rich when coming from a proponent
of Judeo-American cult, probably the most violent and war-prone
since Genghis Khan. Muraviec's rhetoric question, `What has the
Arab world produced?' reminded me of a thieving banker, Flatto-Sharon,
who had escaped French police to Israel, bribed voters, got elected
into the Parliament and there he had the temerity to ask Yitzhak
Rabin in his beginners' Hebrew, "what did you do for the
state of Israel?' ("ma ata asita bishvil hamedina").
It remained as one of the best Israeli jokes.
- But I was neither amazed
nor amused. The desire to plunder and kill Arabs is frequently
vented in the Jewish circles, but recently it run into snags.
The Palestinian property had been looted years ago, their lands
and houses taken over and resold. While killing Palestinians
may be pleasing to the god of vengeance, it is not a very profitable
exercise. Squeeze of the remainder goes too slow for the impatient
and accustomed to NASDAQ growth folks.
- Iraq seems to be an appealing
target for mass murder, and in the prestigious Jewish World Review
, a Jewish American columnist Jonah Goldberg calls: "Baghdad
must be destroyed America should go to war with Iraq even if
that risks innocent Iraqi and American lives". Although
life or death of a Goy is surely no objection, there is no money
in bombing Iraq, either.
- The riches of the Arabian
Peninsula hoodwink the Jews, being tantalisingly within the reach
of IDF Merkaba tanks. This temptation was well expressed by Jewish
American Professor David D. Perlmutter in LA Times: "I
daydream -- if only! If in 1948, 1956, 1967 or 1973 Israel had
acted just a bit like the Third Reich, then today Jews, not sheiks,
would have that Gulf oil'. One would think that Saudi crude goes
to the US, why should an American professor mind it? But your
average American Jew values his Jewish-ness well above his American-ness.
Witty Joe Sobran noted, "It was once considered "anti-Semitic"
to impute "dual loyalty" to [American] Jews. This is
now passé. Dual loyalty nothing! Dual loyalty would be
an improvement!" in comparison with their single-minded
devotion to their own national interests.
- In order to turn the Perlmutter's
daydream into reality, usually quite diverse Jewish voices of
extreme right and shades of Left united. While Richard Perle
is as right-wing as they make it, Justin Raimondo noticed "ex-leftist
David Horowitz, who demands all-out war on the Arab world, and
Stephen Schwartz, ex-Trotskyite, who became a major theoretician
of the Riyadh-as-"kernel of evil" school". Even
anti-Zionist Trotskyite Lenni Brenner, whose brilliant pen and
cheerful style I admire, decided to join the US warriors, and
called to launch feminist crusade against Saudi Arabia.
- The Jewish-owned media
amplified these opinions. A Jewish journalist, Miss Slavin, reported
in USA TODAY , published by the top Jewish leader, Mort Zuckerman,
that a Jewish analyst Max Singer, (a founder of the conservative
Hudson Institute, who never had been to Saudi Arabia but frequents
Israel), suggested to Pentagon officials to dismantle the Kingdom.
Value of Mr Singer's opinion is next to nil, but it has received
good media coverage more important opinions have been denied.
There was no article by an Arab-American calling to dismantle
Israel, just for the balance. It appears the organised Jews firmly
planted Saudis in the cross-hairs of their formidable weapon,
the mass media.
- It leaves us with a difficult
query, why do some American forces, and the American Jews among
them, want to destroy Saudi Arabia, the faithful ally of the
US and a very moderate power in regional context? And another
one, what could be done about it?
- WHY AND HOW
- Optimists argue that it
is just a threat, a psychological warfare, a pressure applied
to the kingdom. The reasons for such pressure could be explained
by need of American oil companies to threaten Saudis into obedience
and extend their contracts. Alternatively, the US military needs
to use Saudi air bases for attack on Iraq, and the Arabs are
not sufficiently obsequious.
- But I am not sure it is
an empty threat. We live in the shadow of ongoing meltdown of
the dollar and the American-based financial pyramid . It began
in August 2001, caused 9/11 as the means to slow the meltdown,
and goes on, gathering speed as an avalanche snowball. Saudis
have too much dollar reserves. Elimination ("freezing")
of their dollar assets would slow the meltdown, as vast trillions
of dollars will vanish from the marketplace. While injection
of money causes inflation, its evaporation will cause deflationary,
upward pressure on the dollar. In other words, for the Wall Street,
it makes sense to frieze Saudi assets, as they froze the assets
of Iran and Iraq.
- Saudi rulers probably
have time to counteract it, if they use the advice of Woody Allen,
"take the money and run". They should shift their holdings
out of the collapsing dollar zone, into Euro, Yen or gold. The
great idea of golden "Islamic dinar" promoted by the
wise Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dr Mahathir should be activated
immediately. The Saudis could learn much from Dr Mahathir who
succeeded to turn his strife-torn poor country living off oil
and natural rubber into the prosperous land of national accord
and stable economy. The Malaysians squared the circle: their
immigrant communities are fully integrated, have equal rights,
and still do not endanger the indigenous Malay group. They develop
high tech industries, support charities, provide welfare state;
there is no discrimination, no poor or needy people in Malaysia.
They do not depend on the US, do not provide their land for the
US bases, do not invest in the US, and still remain on friendly
terms with Washington. Following the Malaysian way, the Kingdom
will reduce its vulnerability.
- Alas, it would not diminish
the Jewish appetite for Arab oil, nor the organised Jewish hostility
to ar- Riyadh. Saudi rulers are uncomfortably conscious of the
threat, but they misinterpreted its context. They accepted as
a real coin, the faked three-dollar bill of "peace-seeking
Israel". That is why Prince Abdullah tried to entice Israel
with his peace plan. That is why the Kingdom's support of the
Palestinian cause is rather symbolic. Saudi rulers have been
told by their American advisers that Israel would not push for
Saudi destruction if Saudis will behave, that is stay away from
the Palestinian problem. Now, the Saudis have to pay heed to
unpleasant reality. Israel is not just a small Middle Eastern
country anymore, but a forward element of the new aggressive
international force, Jewish supremacists. They have too many
good reasons to undo Saudi Arabia.
- -- This prosperous and
well-armed country must be brought down to its knees before Israel
will make its most important step, seizure and destruction of
the beautiful Umayyad Mosques in Jerusalem.
- -- Saudis have too much
money, too much oil and too few friends. This combination brought
Kuwait down, but the US bombed Iraq to restore the Emir of Kuwait.
Washington is not going to repeat this feat when the Saudi oil
fields will pass into Israeli hands.
- -- The Viagra of Saudi
money would invigorate flabby Dow Jones.
- There is an additional
reason. The Jewish conscience had been poisoned by sweet dreams
of revenge for the defeats of times long gone. Mainstream Jewish
scholars of 19th and 20th century betrayed their audience, and,
instead of describing real Jewish history, created an idealised
and distorted picture of wonderful past, old grievances, undeserved
wrong-doing and revenge dreams. Their readers swallowed the fabricated
stories and grew up as unrestrained nationalists. Modern Jews
are victims of nationalist propaganda, misled and disoriented,
induced with desire to rectify the mythic wrong.
- The Jewish state was established
to undo the perceived results of the Roman victory of AD 70,
and now a new idea floats in the air, to undo the perceived results
of Prophet Muhammad's victory over the Jewish tribes  and
to bring the peninsula under Jewish rule. Together with the desire
to undo the victory of Christianity, this archaic spirit will
inevitably cause more turmoil in the world.
- This spirit reminded me
of Sweeney Todd, the Demon Barber in a late 1970s horror musical
comedy. Sweeney Todd `has served the dark and vengeful god, and
trod the path a few did trod', namely turned his customers into
savoury pies' stuffing in order to exact revenge on the Judge
who wronged him.
- The Saudis should act
before it is too late. They should
- - re-think their relationship
with the Palestinians, and treat them as their outward defence
rather than as poor relatives. Without Palestinians, Saudi Arabia
would be taken over tomorrow.
- - there should be more
effort and money spent on public discourse in the US and Europe,
as Edward Said constantly reminded the Arabs.
- - We should confront the
archaic tendency among Jews and promote a different spirit, a
spirit of understanding and brotherhood. Though it is not taught
in Jewish schools, Prophet Muhammad won his battles not only
by sword, but by attracting like-minded Jews to the banner of
Islam, as well. Early converts, the Jews for Allah and His Messenger,
fought under the green banner of Islam on every battlefield from
Yarmuk to Cairo.
- There are many good Jews,
in Israel and in the US alike, and there is no reason for confrontation
between the descendents of Abraham, but the restless spirit of
Sweeney Todd should be exorcised.
-  Briefing Depicted
Saudis as Enemies, Ultimatum Urged To Pentagon Board, By Thomas
E. Ricks Washington Post Staff Writer Tuesday, August 6, 2002;
-  The PowerPoint That
Rocked the Pentagon, The LaRouchie defector who's advising the
defense establishment on Saudi Arabia. By Jack Shafer and GOING
AFTER THE SAUDIS Big Oil joins up with the neocons _ and a LaRouche
'defector' By Justin Raimondo August 9, 2002
-  Debating War Against
Iraq By Jonah Goldberg -- Jewish World Review -- July 17, 2002
-  April 7, 2002
-  Anti-Saudi arguments
get heard Friday, Aug 9, 2002 Barbara Slavin, USA Today
-  Sultan and Shaitan
-  Kainuka, Kuraiza and
Haibar tribes of Arabia in AD 627
- <i[email protected]> 12 août 2002.
Le Monde confirment avec retard La Gazette du Golfe
- Le pentagone est-il
responsable de crimes de guerre du fait que ses alliés
afghans ont tué des talibans qui s'étaient volontairement
rendus en novembre 2001 ? interroge Newsweek dans son
dernier numéro. "Où étaient les forces
américaines, demande le magazine, lorsque des centaines
de ces prisonniers sont morts, étouffés dans des
conteneurs scellés, lors de leur transfert de Kunduz vers
la prison de Sheberghan ?" La première réponse
est bien connue: les Forces spéciales étaient en
permanence, par petits groupes, au coeur du dispositif qui a
mené à ces drames, en particulier aux côtés
du général Rachid Dostom dont les hommes font,
dans cette affaire, figure d'accusés.
- "Rien ne suggère",
écrit toutefois l'hebdomadaire, que les Américains
aient été "prévenus, qu'ils aient vu
les prisonniers chargés dans les conteneurs ou qu'ils
aient eu la possibilité de s'y opposer". Au terme
de son enquête, Newsweek accuse cependant le Pentagone,
non seulement d'avoir ignoré ses demandes répétées
d'explications, mais aussi d'avoir menti. En outre, les témoignages
qu'il cite et qui recoupent ceux déjà recueillis
dès décembre par d'autres médias dont Le
Monde montrent que, si les Américains n'étaient
au courant de rien, ils devaient bien être les seuls dans
ce cas dans la région.
- D'abord, les négociations
ayant mené à la reddition de milliers de talibans
et de leurs alliés à Kunduz le chiffre de 6 000
a été avancé se sont déroulées
en présence de trois officiers de renseignement américains
et d'une douzaine de membres des Forces spéciales. Lesquels
devaient bien savoir que la seule grande prison de la région,
celle de Sheberghan, n'était prévue que pour 800
détenus. Il fut certes convenu que le gros des prisonniers
afghans retourneraient dans leurs villages, de même que
la plupart des Pakistanais, alors que le sort des combattants
"arabes" et étrangers serait décidé
- Mais les Américains
devaient aussi savoir qu'une telle promesse comptait peu face
à la "tradition" qui s'était établie
dans la région, quand Mazar-e-Charif avait changé
trois fois de maîtres en deux ans : celle de tuer les prisonniers
en les laissant étouffer dans des conteneurs au soleil,
avant de jeter les corps dans le désert de Dasht-e-Leili,
à l'ouest de Sheberghan. Selon des rapports de l'ONU,
ce fut le sort infligé à 1 250 talibans en 1997,
puis à des "centaines" de leurs ennemis, surtout
Hazaras, en 1998.
- Vingt-sept camions
- Trois ans plus tard,
c'est donc une nouvelle occasion de vengeance qui s'est présentée.
D'autant plus que les Américains, qui planifiaient la
nouvelle guerre, n'ont guère donné le bon exemple,
avec l'épisode de la forteresse de Qala-e-Jangi quand,
aidés des Britanniques, ils ont dirigé l'opération
visant à mater la révolte des talibans non afghans
qui y avaient été parqués, en refusant ensuite
qu'elle fasse l'objet de la moindre enquête. Cette opération
s'était révélée pour le moins disproportionnée,
avec ses 86 survivants sur 400 détenus des survivants
d'ailleurs "imprévus", tous les prisonniers
ayant été, un moment, donnés pour morts
(Le Monde daté des 17 et 18 février).
- C'est parce que le massacre
de Qala-e-Jangi monopolisait l'attention que les Forces spéciales,
disent leurs défenseurs, n'auraient pas remarqué
le sort des autres prisonniers les milliers d'Afghans et de Pakistanais
parqués, à quelques kilomètres de là,
dans un enclos traversé par une route à l'ouest
de Mazar-e Charif, fermée pour l'occasion. Ils y ont été
ligotés et mis dans des conteneurs (jusqu'à 200
hommes par compartiment), puis escortés par des soldats
du général Dostom jusqu'à la prison de Sheberghan
"où les Américains étaient présents
depuis le début", selon un témoin cité
par Newsweek. Vingt-sept camions seraient ainsi arrivés
à la prison entre le 29 novembre et le 1er décembre,
dont l'un au moins ne contenait plus que des morts, selon l'un
- Interrogé par
Le Monde en décembre, Hadji Mohammed, l'un des médecins
de la prison, a estimé à "cinq cents peut-être"
le nombre des morts par asphyxie dans ces camions. Les prisonniers
parlaient, eux, de "près d'un millier", alors
que le directeur de la prison, le général Jurabek,
avouait seulement "une quarantaine de morts, dans un camion
qui s'était renversé". Plus tard, un autre
proche du général Dostom devait donner à
Newsweek le chiffre de "100 à 120 morts surtout des
blessés qui n'ont pas supporté le voyage",
en soulignant que nul n'avait jamais cherché à
tuer des détenus, contrairement à ce qu'assurent
- La vérité
git sans doute sous les sables de Dasht-e-Leili, là où
Bill Haglund, le spécialiste de médecine légale
qui a épaulé les enquêteurs de l'ONU, a trouvé,
en janvier, 15 corps dans une tranchée de 3 m de long,
dont tout porte à croire qu'ils sont morts en novembre
par suffocation. Là, aussi, où des villageois ont
dit avoir vu l'arrivée, début décembre,
de "quatre ou cinq conteneurs" puis de bulldozers et
de soldats de Rachid Dostom qui ont interdit tout accès
au site. Le mémorandum confidentiel de l'ONU, que vient
de révéler Newsweek, "recommande fortement",
de son côté, "de geler toute activité
liée à [cette enquête] d'une extrême
sensibilité politique, tant qu'une décision n'aura
pas été prise sur sa finalité : procès
criminel, "commission Vérité" ou autre".
- Sophie Shihab
- Le Monde, du 21 août 2002.
The Death Convoy
- Witness reports
and the probing of a mass grave point to war crimes. Does the
United States have any responsibility for the atrocities of its
allies? A Newsweek Investigation
- By Babak Dehghanpisheh,
John Barry and Roy Gutman
- Aug. 26 issue -- Trudging
over the moonscape of Dasht-e Leili, a desolate expanse of low
rolling hills in northern Afghanistan, Bill Haglund spotted clues
half-buried in the gray-beige sand. Strings of prayer beads.
A woolen skullcap. A few shoes. Those remnants, along with track
marks and blade scrapes left by a bulldozer, suggested that Haglund
had found what he was looking for. Then he came across a human
tibia, three sets of pelvic bones and some ribs.
- Mass graves are not always
easy to spot, though trained investigators know the signs. "You
look for disturbance of the earth, differences in the vegetation,
areas that have been machined over," says Haglund, a forensic
anthropologist and pioneer in the field of "human-rights
archeology." At Dasht-e Leili, a 15-minute drive from the
Northern Alliance prison at Sheber-ghan, scavenging animals had
brought the evidence to the surface. Some of the gnawed bones
were old and bleached, but some were from bodies so recently
buried the bones still carried tissue. The area of bulldozer
activity -- roughly an acre -- suggested burials on a large scale.
A stray surgical glove also caught Haglund's eye. Such gloves
are often used by people handling corpses, and could be evidence,
Haglund thought, of "a modicum of planning."
- Haglund was in Dasht-e
Leili on more than a hunch. In January, two investigators from
the Boston-based Physicians for Human Rights had argued their
way into the nearby Sheberghan prison. What they saw shocked
them. More than 3,000 Taliban prisoners -- who had surrendered
to the victorious Northern Alliance forces at the fall of Konduz
in late November -- were crammed, sick and starving, into a facility
with room for only 800. The Northern Alliance commander of the
prison acknowledged the charnel-house conditions, but pleaded
that he had no money. He begged the PHR to send food and supplies,
and to ask the United Nations to dig a well so the prisoners
could drink unpolluted water.
- Stories of mass graves
- But stories of a deeper
horror came from the prisoners themselves. However awful their
conditions, they were the lucky ones. They were alive. Many hundreds
of their comrades, they said, had been killed on the journey
to Sheberghan from Konduz by being stuffed into sealed cargo
containers and left to asphyxiate. Local aid workers and Afghan
officials quietly confirmed that they had heard the same stories.
They confirmed, too, persistent reports about the disposal of
many of the dead in mass graves at Dasht-e Leili.
- That's when Haglund, a
veteran of similar investigations in Rwanda, Sri Lanka, the Balkans
and other scenes of atrocity, was called in. Standing at what
he reckoned from the `dozer tracks was an edge of the grave site,
he pushed a long, hollow probe deep into the compacted sand.
Then he sniffed. The acrid smell reeking up the shaft was unmistakable.
Haglund and local laborers later dug down; at five feet, they
came upon a layer of decomposing corpses, lying pressed together
in a row. They dug a trial trench about six yards long, and in
that -- short length found 15 corpses. "They were relatively
fresh bodies: the flesh was still on the bones," Haglund
recalls. "They were scantily clad, which was consistent
with reports that [before they died] they had been in a very
hot place." Some had their hands tied. Haglund brought up
three of the corpses, and a colleague conducted autopsies in
a tent. The victims were all young men, and their bodies showed
"no overt trauma" -- no gunshot wounds, no blows from
blunt instruments. This, too, Haglund says, is "consistent"
with the survivors' stories of death by asphyxiation.
- How many are buried at
Dasht-e Leili? Haglund won't speculate. "The only thing
we know is that it's a very large site," says a U.N. official
privy to the investigation, and there was "a high density
of bodies in the trial trench." Other sources who have investigated
the killings aren't surprised. "I can say with confidence
that more than a thousand people died in the containers,"
says Aziz ur-Rahman Razekh, director of the Afghan Organization
of Human Rights. Newsweek's extensive inquiries of prisoners,
truckdrivers, Afghan militiamen and local villagers -- including
interviews with survivors who licked and chewed each other's
skin to stay alive -- suggest also that many hundreds of people
- The dead of Dasht-e Leili
-- and the horrific manner of their killing -- are one of the
dirty little secrets of the Afghan war. The episode is more than
just another atrocity in a land that has seen many. The killings
illustrate the problems America will face if it opts to fight
wars by proxy, as the United States did in Afghanistan, using
small numbers of U.S. Special Forces calling in air power to
support local fighters on the ground. It also raises questions
about the responsibility Americans have for the conduct of allies
who may have no interest in applying protections of the Geneva
Conventions. The benefit in fighting a proxy-style war in Afghanistan
was victory on the cheap -- cheap, at any rate, in American blood.
The cost, Newsweek's investigation has established, is that American
forces were working intimately with "allies" who committed
what could well qualify as war crimes.
- False statements
- Nothing that Newsweek
learned suggests that American forces had advance knowledge of
the killings, witnessed the prisoners being stuffed into the
unventilated trucks or were in a position to prevent that. They
were in the area of the prison at the time the containers were
delivered, although probably not when they were opened. The small
group of Special Forces soldiers were more focused at the time
on prison security, and preventing an uprising such as the bloody
outbreak that had happened days earlier in the prison fort at
Qala Jangi. The soldiers surely heard stories of deaths in the
containers, but may have thought them exaggerated. They also
may have believed that the dead were war casualties, or wounded
prisoners who, among thousands of their comrades, simply didn't
survive the rugged journey from the surrender point to the prison.
But it's also true that Pentagon spokesmen have obfuscated when
faced with questions on the subject. Officials across the administration
did not respond to repeated requests by Newsweek for a detailed
accounting of U.S. activities in the Konduz, Mazar-e Sharif and
Sheberghan areas at the time in question, and Defense Department
spokespersons have made statements that are false.
- Questions can be raised,
as well, about international agencies. How seriously has the
United Nations pursued investigations of what happened at Sheberghan?
The reports of atrocity come at a time when the international
community is desperately trying to bring stability to Afghanistan.
Well-meaning officials may be wondering if a full-scale investigation
might set off a new round of Afghan slaughter. Would it be worth
it? A confidential U.N. memorandum, parts of which were made
available to Newsweek, says that the findings of investigations
into the Dasht-e Leili graves "are sufficient to justify
a fully-fledged criminal investigation." It says that based
on "information collected," the site "contains
bodies of Taliban POW's who died of suffocation during transfer
from Konduz to Sheberghan." A witness quoted in the report
puts the death toll at 960. Yet the report also raises urgent
questions. "Considering the political sensitivity of this
case and related protection concerns, it is strongly recommended
that all activities relevant to this case be brought to a halt
until a decision is made concerning the final goal of the exercise:
criminal trial, truth commission, other, etc."
- The militia leader whose
forces allegedly carried out the killings is Gen. Abdul Rashid
Dostum, one of Afghanistan's most ruthless and effective warlords.
Dostum's spokesperson, Faizullah Zaki, told Newsweek that many
people did die of suffocation. But he put the total number at
"between 100 and 120 people, a few from each container,"
and said that some of them "were seriously injured and died
en route." He suggested that the uprising at Qala Jangi
prison, just three days earlier, might have affected their treatment.
"If the incident at Qala Jangi hadn't happened, it's possible
that the prisoners would have been transferred more peacefully.
There would have been less irregularities," he said, adding:
"They suffocated. Died, not killed. Nobody killed anybody."
Zaki also said that General Dostum was not in the place where
the prisoners were loaded into containers. "The technical
details of the transfer were left to lower-level commanders,"
he said, adding that "there was a handful of American soldiers
that didn't leave [Dostum's] side" during the period in
- U.S. Involvement
- The close involvement
of American soldiers with General Dostum can only make an investigation
all the more sensitive. "The issue nobody wants to discuss
is the involvement of U.S. forces," says Jennifer Leaning,
professor at the Harvard School of Public Health and one of the
pair of Physicians for Human Rights investigators who pushed
their way into Sheberghan. "U.S. forces were in the area
at the time. What did the U.S. know, and when and -- where --
and what did they do about it?"
- The Taliban and Qaeda
forces at Konduz surrendered in a negotiated deal that took two
to three days to hammer out. According to Shams-ul-Haq (Shamuk)
Naseri, a mid-level Northern Alliance commander who was present,
the talks were held in the presence of three American intelligence
officers and a dozen or more Special Forces soldiers. Northern
Alliance commanders, including General Dostum, agreed to relatively
generous conditions: The Afghan fighters would be allowed to
go home to their villages. Most of the Pakistanis could also
return home after the Americans picked out suspected Qaeda operatives.
Arabs and other foreign fighters would be turned over to the
United Nations or some other international organization. According
to another Afghan present at the talks, Said Vasiqullah Sadat,
the Taliban representatives insisted that their men surrender
to General Dostum, because they figured he was the least likely
to seek revenge for past killings. The surrender would formally
start on Sunday, Nov. 25 -- to give time for the Taliban leaders
to sell the deal to their forces in Konduz.
- The day after negotiations
ended, roughly 400 hard-core fighters made a break for it anyway,
fleeing west. But the vast majority of fighters trapped in Konduz
surrendered "like sheep," according to Naseri. "One
went and the rest followed." The agreed site for the actual
surrender was Yerganak, a desert spot about five miles west of
Konduz. Most of the top Taliban and foreign commanders drove
out, and their vehicles were promptly confiscated by the Northern
Alliance. The rest walked. Four checkpoints had been set up at
Yerganak to disarm the fighters and load them onto whatever vehicles
were available: pickups, big-wheeled, open-topped Russian Kamaz
trucks, even some container trucks. But the numbers streaming
out of Konduz overwhelmed the facilities, and most of those surrendering
waited three or four days in the desert.
- Credible muscle
- Dostum and another Northern
Alliance commander, Atta Mohammed, were at Yerganak to monitor
the surrender. So were dozens of American Special Forces troops,
according to U.S. and Afghan participants. Some of the Special
Forces teams were zipping around the area on four-wheeler motorcycles;
Dostum was filmed at the time enjoying a ride on the back of
one. The Americans provided much of the food and water given
to the waiting masses. But they were there primarily to provide
credible muscle, a message that was reinforced by the frequent
appearance of U.S. bombers streaking overhead.
- At about this time, soldiers
from Dostum's militia arrived at a container depot on the outskirts
of Mazar-e Sharif, about 100 miles to the west, and recruited
a driver we'll call Mohammed, a bearded man in his mid-40s. (Newsweek
has changed the names of several witnesses in this report to
lessen the chance of reprisals.) Mohammed was told that his container
truck was needed to ship captive Taliban fighters to Sheberghan
prison. He was to pick them up that evening at the old fort in
Qala Zeini, which lies on the road between Mazar-e Sharif and
Sheberghan. The road actually passes through the fort: one gate
in, one gate out.
- Mohammed arrived at Qala
Zeini about 7 that evening. Several other container trucks were
already waiting inside the fort. So were about 150 soldiers,
all Afghans. At about 9, the prisoners -- a mix of Afghans, Pakistanis,
Arabs and Chechens -- arrived from Yerganak in open trucks and
pickups. Soldiers ordered the prisoners down from the trucks
and stripped them of their turbans, caps and vests. Then they
herded the captives into the containers, as many as 200 to a
truck. The fighters realized they were not going home, as promised.
"F--k Shamuk Naseri," one driver recalls a prisoner's
screaming. "He betrayed us." The doors of the container
trucks were locked.
- The prisoners probably
realized their fate. "Death by container" has been
a cheap means of mass murder used by both the Taliban and
the Northern Alliance for at least five years. Abandoned freight
containers -- international standard size, 40 feet by 8 feet
by 8 feet -- litter the roads of Afghanistan, rusting reminders
of the many tons of aid that have poured into the country over
the past 20 years. It was reputedly a savage Uzbek general named
Malik Pahlawan who first saw the container's potential as a killing
machine in 1997. After a Taliban assault on Mazar-e Sharif had
been repulsed, Pahlawan -- according to a subsequent U.N. report
-- killed some 1,250 Taliban by leaving them in containers in
the desert sun. When the containers were opened, it was found
the inmates had been grilled black. When the Taliban took Mazar-e
Sharif in 1998, they in turn killed several hundred enemies in
the same fashion.
- `We're dying. give
- In the case of the Taliban
prisoners from Konduz, the November temperatures weren't hot
enough to blacken them. But after a few hours, they started beating
on the sides of their overstuffed cells. "We're dying. Give
us water!" some shouted. "We are human, not animals."
Mohammed used a hammer and spike to bang holes in his container,
until one of Dostum's soldiers heard the banging and angrily
demanded to know what he was doing. Mohammed said that he was
sealing holes to prevent the prisoners' escape.
- After the soldier had
gone, one of the prisoners in the container stuck his face close
to one of the holes. "Are you a Muslim?" he asked.
"Yes," Mohammed replied. "Look at my tongue,"
said the prisoner, and stuck it out. It was cracked from dehydration.
Mohammed filled a two-liter Fanta bottle with water and passed
it in through the hole. He also pushed in 10 pieces of bread,
all he had. "Thank Allah you are a Muslim," the prisoner
- Some of the other drivers
Newsweek has traced say they, too, tried to help. One described
how he also poked holes in his container and tried to bring water
to the prisoners. But Dostum's soldiers spotted him, and five
of them gave him a beating with their rifle butts. Mohammed saw
the beating and spent the rest of the night inside his locked
- Someone else saw a similar
scene at Qala Zeini, and tried to send a warning. In December,
Abdullah was in the settlement of Langar Khaneh, which is close
to the fort of Qala Zeini. When the gates of Qala Zeini were
closed for a day and a half, and traffic diverted through Langar
Khaneh, Abdullah's curiosity was aroused. He made his way over
to the fort and peered inside. As he watched, four container
trucks were driven into the fort. Not long after, prisoners arrived
in pickups and Kamaz trucks, he says. Soldiers in the fort --
Dostum's men, Abdullah says -- proceeded to tie up the prisoners
with their own turbans.
- Those who didn't move
fast enough or who tried to resist were beaten. Most prisoners,
says Abdullah, were bound around their upper arms and blindfolded,
but some were hogtied. Unruly prisoners were grabbed by hand
and foot and swung into the containers on their bellies. When
the containers were full, they were locked. Abdullah was in no
doubt what he was witnessing. "The only purpose was to kill
the prisoners," he says.
- Missing containers
- Wondering whom he could
alert to these preparations, Abdullah recalled an acquaintance
who was working with the American forces based in Mazar. He was
Said Vasiqullah Sadat, who was at the surrender negotiations
and served as a translator for the Americans. Abdullah says that
he told Vasiqullah what was happening, and he says Vasiqullah
responded: "We will act." The next day, Abdullah said,
a group of Americans arrived at Qala Zeini in two dust-colored
pickups. But the containers were gone, and -- says Abdullah --
the Americans turned around and drove back to Mazar.
- Vasiqullah is cautious
when asked about this version of events. He says that on the
fourth day of the surrender at Yerganak -- Nov. 28 -- he headed
back to Mazar with several cars full of American soldiers. Some
of these were billeting in Atta Mohammed's headquarters in Mazar.
Vasiqullah confirms that he "soon" heard about prisoners'
being transferred into containers at Qala Zeini. But he will
not confirm that he heard this from the witness from Langar Khaneh.
Nor will he confirm that he passed the news on to the Americans
he was working with. "The Americans were distracted at this
time," he says. The uprising at the Qala Jangi prison in
Mazar-e Sharif -- in which CIA operative Mike Spann was killed
and the American John Walker Lindh was discovered -- had occurred
on Nov. 25. "Many of them were taking care of arrangements
for shipping Mike Spann's body out of Mazar airport." But,
says Vasiqullah, the containers could not have remained a secret
for long. "I think the Americans found out soon," he
says. "They were at Sheberghan prison from the beginning."
- At 11 a.m. on Nov. 29,
according to the driver Mohammed, a convoy of 13 container trucks
set out from Qala Zeini. Each driver had soldiers in the cab
beside him. A driver we'll call Ghassan, who had picked up his
load of human cargo at a concrete bridge 31 miles west of Mazar-e
Sharif, was also on the move around this time. He recalls that
some in his container were alive, and beating on the sides. "They
just want water ... Keep driving," he was ordered.
- By the time the trucks
arrived at Sheberghan prison, many were ominously quiet. Mohammed
was the driver of the second truck in line, but he got down from
his cab and walked into the prison courtyard as the doors of
the lead truck were opened. Of the 200 or so who had been loaded
into the sealed container not quite 24 hours before, none had
survived. "They opened the doors and the dead bodies spilled
out like fish," says Mohammed. "All their clothes were
ripped and wet. "
- Mohammed says all 176
prisoners inside his truck survived because he had disobeyed
orders and punched holes in the sides. (His account is supported
by other witnesses.) He and others also say that no Americans
were present when the trucks in his convoy were opened.
- $750 for an air hole
- The following day, Nov.
30, a fresh convoy of seven trucks arrived at Sheberghan. The
day after, Dec. 1, brought a third convoy -- also seven trucks.
Newsweek has traced drivers from both later convoys. Their recollections
are that most of those containers contained many dead bodies.
But not all. The inmates of one truck in those convoys passed
about 45,000 Pakistani rupees (about $750) to the driver through
a crack in the floor as a bribe to cut air holes and spray in
water through a hose. All 150 inmates survived. In at least one
container, the prisoners themselves managed to rip holes in the
wooden floor, and all of them survived.
- Abdul, a 28-year-old pashtun,
is one who lived. Newsweek interviewed him in Sheberghan prison.
He recalls that his container was packed to the breaking point.
After nearly 24 hours without water, Abdul says, the prisoners
were so desperate with thirst that they began licking the sweat
off each other's bodies. Some prisoners began to lose their reason
and started biting those around them. Abdul's was one of the
containers in the third convoy to Sheberghan: by the time they
reached the prison, he says, only 20 to 30 in his container were
- Other survivors now in
Sheberghan tell almost identical stories. One 20-year-old was
shoved into a fully packed container. After about eight hours,
he thinks, the prisoners began kicking the sides of the container
and shouting for air and water. None came. Some of the prisoners
began using their turbans to soak and drink the sweat off each
other's bodies. After a few more hours many of the prisoners
started going crazy and bit each other's fingertips, arms and
legs. Anything to get moisture. By the time they reached Sheberghan,
the young man says, only about 40 in his container were still
- Packed `like cattle'
- For some, the agony in
the containers was intensified because they were tied up. This
appears to have been a fate reserved for Pakistani -- and perhaps
other non-Afghan -- prisoners. Mahmood, 20, says he surrendered
at Konduz along with 1,500 other Pakistanis. All were bound hand
and foot either with their own turbans or with strips ripped
from their clothing, he says. Then they were packed in container
trucks "like cattle," he says. He reckons that about
100 people died in his container.
- The drivers remain tormented
by what they took part in. "Why weren't there any United
Nations people there to see the dead bodies?" asks one.
"Why wasn't anything being done?" Another driver shook
uncontrollably as he spoke with Newsweek.
- The convoys of the dead
and dying, along with many truckloads of living prisoners, seem
to have arrived at Sheberghan for perhaps 10 days. Prying eyes
were kept away. The Red Cross, learning of the arrivals of prisoners
from Konduz, applied on Nov. 29 to get into Sheberghan. Dostum's
commander at the prison promised that access would be granted
within 24 hours. In fact, it was not until Dec. 10 that the Red
Cross got into the prison. By then, most of the bodies had probably
been buried. (Dostum's spokesman denies that access was blocked
by prison officials.)
- There were witnesses near
the burial site who noticed unusual activity. The hamlet of Lab-e
Jar is about half a mile east of the grave site. On several nights
in the first half of December, Dostum's soldiers forbade the
villagers to leave their homes. Most of the villagers are now
too frightened to talk. "Bodies have been buried there for
years," says one. "You know what happened. I know what
happened. But nothing is going to change if we talk about it."
Still, Newsweek found some who were willing to say what they
saw. One man, 49, claims that around the first week in December,
Dostum's soldiers blocked the dirt road running past Dasht-e
Leili for several days. "No cars, no donkey carts, not even
pedestrians were allowed to go down the road," he says.
He personally saw four or five container trucks at the burial
site, he says. When U.N. investigators talked with the people
of Lab-e Jar in May, two residents told of seeing bulldozers
at work on the site around the middle of December.
- Questioning survivors
- A widening circle of organizations
and individuals know, in broad terms, what happened after the
fall of Konduz. The Red Cross has questioned survivors and compiled
a report about the events; top officials at the Red Cross's Geneva
headquarters have met to discuss, inconclusively, what to do
next. A pair of U.N. investigators were present when Haglund
dug his trial trench across the Dasht-e Leili grave site. After
questioning local witnesses, they, too, compiled a report. Two
U.N. entities -- the Assistance Mission to Afghanistan and the
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights -- have also been mulling
what to do. "You have to understand, you're dealing with
a potentially explosive issue here," says a Red Cross official
in Afghanistan, explaining why he was hesitant to discuss the
matter. Until now, anyway, the American military has not conducted
a full-fledged investigation, nor has it been asked to participate
in one by other agencies. U.N. sources say that their inquiries
have not implicated U.S. forces. Publicly, the Pentagon has
kept its distance. At the end of January, Department of Defense
officials were told (by the PHR) of the discovery of what appeared
to be a recent mass grave. In late February, officials at the
Pentagon and the State Department were given confidential copies
of the first formal report compiled by Haglund and his colleagues
at the PHR. Consistently, however, the Pentagon has responded
that Central Command investigated and found that U.S. troops
know nothing of any killings -- that the Pentagon indeed has
no reason to believe there were killings. In June, DOD spokesman
Lt. Col. Dave Lapan said that Central Command had questioned
individually the forces in Afghanistan "several months ago":
"Central Command looked into it and found no evidence of
participation or knowledge or presence. Our guys weren't there,
didn't watch and didn't know about it -- if indeed anything like
that happened." A DOD statement a week later was emphatic:
"No US troops were present anywhere near that site in November.
US troops were present in the December/January timeframe when
the mass graves were discovered."
- But is that entirely
true? The American
unit most directly involved was the 595 A-team, part of the Fifth
Special Forces Group based at Fort Campbell, Ky. The leader of
the dozen-man 595 was Capt. Mark D. Nutsch. Throughout the Afghanistan
operation, the Pentagon insisted that reporters identify Special
Forces personnel by their first names only, claiming this
was necessary to protect their families back home from possible
terrorist reprisals. But the Army waived that concern in April,
whenat the instigation of his Army superiors -- the Kansas state
Legislature passed a resolution of both houses honoring Captain
Nutsch, a 33-year-old native of Kansas. Nutsch's wife, Amy, and
their baby daughter, Kaija, born while Nutsch was in Afghanistan,
were present at the very public ceremony. Contacted recently
by Newsweek about the container deaths, Nutsch said he did
not want to discuss them.
- 595's assignment
- The Special Forces A-teams
were the shock troops of the U.S. assault on the Taliban. They
were the crucial link between the Northern Alliance militia on
the ground and U.S. firepower in the air. Attached to each A-team
in the Afghan campaign was at least one Air Force Special Operations
soldier called a combat air controller. It was the high-precision
airstrikes called in by those CACs that destroyed the Taliban
forces. Each A-team was assigned to a specific local commander,
and 595's assignment was to work with General Dostum.
- 595's role in the Afghan
conflict made them legends to the wider public. Heloed into Afghanistan,
like the rest of the teams, in a Special Forces Chinook, they
met up with Dostum on Oct. 19 at his headquarters at Darra-e
Suf in the mountain fastnesses south of Mazar-e Sharif. It was
the 595 unit that famously carried out its missions on horseback;
it was snippets from Nutsch's dispatches that a euphoric Defense
Secretary Donald Rumsfeld took to reading at his press briefings.
Invigorated -- by American air power -- and lubricated by
the money distributed lavishly to wavering locals by the CIA
paramilitaries -- Dostum and his fellow Northern Alliance
commanders swept north out of the mountains. The climax of the
brief campaign began on Nov. 4, when the Northern Alliance launched
a three-pronged assault on the major city in the north, Mazar-e
Sharif, orchestrated and micromanaged by an assembly of Special
Forces, including two A-teams.
- 595 members had been with
Dostum at the surrender negotiations, and then again at the actual
surrender at Yerganak. As a consequence they were not with their
CIA colleagues, Mike Spann and Dave Tyson, when that pair went
to Qala Jangi prison to question the fresh batch of Qaeda and
Taliban hard-liners who had arrived there after the abortive
breakout from Konduz. The 595 commander, Nutsch, felt bitter
about Spann's death. "This was a guy we considered part
of our unit," he told Robert Young Pelton, a reporter working
for CNN and National Geographic Adventure. "If we had been
there, Mike's death would not have happened."
- Over the three days that
the first convoys of dead were arriving at Sheberghan, Special
Forces troops were in the area. There was also a separate, four-man
U.S. intelligence team, in combat gear, at the prison doing first
selections of Qaeda suspects for further questioning. According
to Pelton, a swashbuckling freelancer who specializes in writing
about dangerous places, Special Forces soldiers were mainly concerned
about security at the prison. At the same time the containers
of dead were arriving, many truckloads of living prisoners were
also streaming in: On the evening of Dec. 1, for instance, a
container arrived bearing the 86 survivors from Qala Jangi. One
of them was John Walker Lindh. It was the 595 team's medic, Bill,
who first treated Lindh. Pelton believed at the time, and still
does, that the dead from container trucks numbered "40-some
odd" and were mostly people who died of wounds suffered
in the siege of Konduz. "When I was with 595, we went over
this time and again," says Pelton. "What happened is
that these people basically died because they were wounded."
A senior Defense Department official, speaking to Newsweek on
background, said the Pentagon asked the commander of the Fifth
Special Forces Group to look into the reports of container deaths.
That commander, Col. John Mulholland, reported back that the
A-team knew that numbers, perhaps even large numbers, of Taliban
prisoners had died on the journey to Sheberghan. But the Special
Forces believed that these deaths had occurred from wounds or
disease. Newsweek put this account to Colonel Mulholland through
the public-affairs office of the Special Operations Command,
but got no response by the time Newsweek went to press.
- Agonizing dilemma
- For the Red Cross, the
killings at Sheberghan represented an agonizing dilemma. The
organization's code of operating out of the public eye -- a trade-off
that allows them access to places no one else is allowed to go,
and enables them to provide aid to people in the most difficult
circumstances -- inhibited its officials from going public with
what they heard. "We approached the ICRC more than two months
ago to look into this, and they showed no interest," says
Aziz ur Rahman Razekh of the Afghan Organization of Human Rights.
"We got a frosty reception."
- In fact, the Red Cross
was concerned from the start about the fate of prisoners turning
up at Sheberghan. The Taliban's surrender of the northern towns
was an extended process; and the first dribble of prisoners from
Konduz -- captured on its outskirts -- began to arrive at Sheberghan
on Nov. 22-23. The ICRC office in Mazar-e Sharif learned of these
arrivals; and on Nov. 29, a small team sought entry to Sheberghan
prison. They were turned away. Asked about this now, an ICRC
official says: "The authorities did not want us there."
(Dostum's spokesman denies that prison officials refused them
- Not until Dec. 10 did
the Red Cross manage to talk their way into Sheberghan to interview
the new prisoners. They swiftly heard about the horrors of the
containers. When Newsweek first approached a Red Cross official
to ask about the treatment of prisoners from Konduz, his immediate
response was: "I can't talk about containers."
Told of the stories that prisoners in Sheberghan had already
given to Newsweek, he responded in some anguish: "If you're
hearing stories about containers now, what do you think we were
hearing about then?"
- Apparently caught between
outrage and its own code of secrecy, the Red Cross may have sought
to stir attention to Sheberghan indirectly. In mid-January John
Heffernan and Jennifer Leaning of the PHR met by chance in Kabul
with two Red Cross officials -- one a senior official based in
ICRC headquarters in Geneva. The Geneva official told them that
the Red Cross had, they recall her saying, "grave concerns"
about the treatment of prisoners by U.S. forces and their allies;
and she urged them that this topic was "worth exploring."
That was why the PHR pair went up to Sheberghan. At the start
of May, the PHR -- frustrated by a lack of response in either
Kabul or Washington to their private briefings on Haglund's discoveries
at Dasht-e Leili -- issued a report describing his findings.
The Red Cross chimed in, producing for reporters -- this was
at the Red Cross Kandahar office -- a survivor from one of the
containers: Sardar Mohammed, 23, from Kandahar. Mohammed reckoned,
he said, that they had been packed 150 to a container. And he
claimed that he and his fellow survivors had tallied up more
1,000 who had not survived the ordeal.
- It may not be easy for
Americans to summon much sympathy for Taliban or Qaeda prisoners.
But the rules of war cannot be applied selectively. There is
no real moral justification for the pain and destruction of combat
if it is not to defend the rule of law. The line is tough to
hold even in a conventional conflict. In a proxy war, it's much
more difficult. The dead at Dasht-e Leili are proof of that.
- With Donatella Lorch in
Washington, Karen Breslau in San Francisco and Stryker McGuire
- Newsweek, 26 août 2002.
FAIT PAR LES JUIFS
- The Rulers of Hebron
- Ever since the occupation
of the territories began, the settlers of Hebron have been noteworthy
for their militancy, their racist hatred against Palestinian
residents of the city and the violent contempt that they and
their children demonstrate toward the rule of law and every person
in uniform who acts in its name. But those in uniform, and especially
the men in blue, have seemed throughout these years to be at
a loss in the face of these settlers' determination to make their
neighbors' lives unbearable, while trampling on every law and
desecrating every Jewish and human value. The acts of these boors
have blackened, and continue to blacken, Israel's name. And these
serial rioters' stated reliance on the tradition of the patriarch
Abraham, a figure described as having "a kindly eye and
a humble spirit," is nothing but a gross distortion.
- The Civil Administration
recently drafted a report that documents some of the acts of
the Hebron settlers (Ha'aretz, August 11). This document,
which was submitted to the prime minister and the defense minister,
notes in detail how this unique Jewish settlement rears "shock
troops" of boys and girls, steeped in hatred and arrogance,
who torment the Palestinians and oppress them in various ways.
The graduates of these operations, the young couples, serve as
reserves for breaking into Palestinian houses adjacent to the
Jewish neighborhoods in order to evict their occupants and annex
these houses to the Jewish settlement. "No one dares to
deal with them," one security official confessed to a Ha'aretz
reporter. The settlers' brutal vandalism reached its disgraceful
peak two weeks ago, during the funeral of soldier Elazar Leibowitz,
a Hebron resident who was murdered in a shooting attack on a
road outside the city. Dozens of residents of the settlement
and their guests from outside rioted, shot at Palestinian houses,
killed a Palestinian girl and wounded others, beat up passersby
and destroyed property. The rioters also faced off with the police,
who failed in their efforts to contain or restrain the violent
rampage. Colonel (res.) Moshe Givati, an adviser to the public
security minister, termed the settlers' assault a "pogrom"
- a loaded word that Jews do not lightly apply to the acts of
- It is hard to understand
the behavior of the police -- their lack of preparation before
the rioting and their helplessness during it. These same police
and Border Police troops acted forcefully in Bethlehem last Shabbat
against peace activists who had come there to demonstrate, reminding
everyone of their ability to do so - when they so choose. The
settlers of Hebron, like the residents of every other settlement
in the West Bank and Gaza and of many towns and cities within
Israel, have suffered painful losses at the hands of Palestinian
terrorists. Their daily lives in the environment they have chosen
to inhabit are indeed filled with constant pressure and danger.
But this in no way justifies, or even mitigates, the severity
of their behavior toward the largely peaceful Palestinian population
that surrounds them. And there is certainly nothing in this fact
to excuse the ongoing failure of the Israel Police and the other
security services to enforce the law rigorously.
- Ha'aretz : Aug 13, 2002
GUERRE DES MOTS
La presse trouducutée par
les espions israéliens
israélienne en Afrique et la rencontre de deux racismes
- par Marie Debs
- Au début des années
90, à la chute du régime de l'Apartheid, le monde
a découvert avec étonnement l'importance des liens
tissés entre Israël et l'Afrique du Sud raciste sur
tous les plans et à tous les niveaux. Une partie de l'opinion
mondiale, qui, depuis 1980, avait refusé de croire les
informations fournies et les articles publiés par certains
journaux, a commencé à se poser la question sur
la réalité de la présence israélienne
dans le continent noir, y compris dans certains pays du Maghreb
- Il est vrai qu'un grand
nombre de livres et de rapports avait déjà été
publié sur cette question; mais l'impact que l'on s'attendait
d'une telle publication n'avait jamais dépassé
les cercles (étroits) d'une certaine catégorie
d'intellectuels de gauche, vu que la plupart de ces livres et
de ces rapports portaient des signatures arabes, palestiniennes
en particulier, et parce que les différents gouvernements
qui s'étaient succédés en Israël depuis
le début des années 50 avaient pratiqué
une certaine politique de camouflage basée sur trois axes
- Les axes de la politique
- Ces axes, qui avaient
reçu l'aval des Etats-Unis et de leur théoricien
de la realpolitik, Henry Kissinger, étaient les suivants
- 1/ La lutte contre les
idées de libération qui ont prévalu dans
certaines régions africaines, notamment l'Angola et les
ex-colonies portugaises, à partir de l'entraînement
de mercenaires, mais aussi de campagnes de propagande où
l'anticommunisme jouait le rôle de promoteur « légal
- 2/ Des relations très
étendues avec le régime de Pretoria basées
sur les liens historiques tissés depuis 1902 par Theodor
Herzl avec Cecil Rhodes  et poursuivis, à partir des
années 20, par Chaïm Weizmann avec le général
- 3/ Une propagande à
outrance parmi les peuples d'Afrique nouvellement libérés
basée sur une association entre ces peuples et leur lutte
contre le colonialisme britannique et les affres de l'antisémitisme
qu'Israël « subissait » de la part des peuples
arabes (peuples sémites).
- Ces axes avaient pour
objectif de développer la présence politique, économique
et militaire d'Israël en Afrique et, à travers elle,
le rôle des Etats-Unis. Et pour mener à bien la
mission qui leur était assignée par les Américains
(et, aussi, par leurs intérêts propres), les différents
gouvernements israéliens ont eu recours, dans la majeure
partie des cas, non à une politique à visage découvert,
mais à l'infiltration à partir d'organismes existants
(la centrale syndicale : Histadrout) ou créés pour
- Les chevaux de Troie
- Un rapport publié
en août 1985 par le Centre des études palestiniennes
recensait -- à part la centrale syndicale déjà
nommée -- 12 organismes qui avaient pour but d'étendre
l'influence d'Israël dans les pays du continent africain
- Ces organismes sont: L'Organisation
sioniste, l'Agence juive, le Congrès juif mondial, le
Parti du travail israélien (en tant que membre de l'Internationale
socialiste), l'Institut afro-asiatique (créé en
1960 et dans lequel ont étudié une vingtaine de
milliers d'Africains dont certains atteignirent des postes gouvernementaux),
le Centre des études ouvrières et corporatives
(créé en 1963 et dont l'objectif était complémentaire
à celui de l'Institut afro-asiatique), le Service de coopération
internationale, Machav (qui coordonnait les actions des différents
ministères et organismes israéliens s'occupant
des relations avec l'Afrique), l'Amicale des Anciens (cadres)
africains ayant fait leurs études en Israël, l'Institut
Weizmann pour les sciences, l'organisation féminine Hadassa
dont le siège était New-York et, enfin, l'Institut
des études africaines de Haïfa.
- Les intérêts
- Parlons, d'abord, des
intérêts militaires d'Israël en Afrique et
du commerce des armes qu'il pratiqua (et pratique toujours) avec
nombre de régimes africains, dont l'Ouganda, le Zaïre
et, bien entendu, le régime de Pretoria avant sa chute,
puisque les rumeurs sur une poursuite de la collaboration avec
le nouveau régime ne sont pas confirmées. Et si
nous n'avons pas pu obtenir des données très récentes
sur ce commerce, les chiffres qui datent depuis quelques années
sont très révélateurs à ce propos.
- Disons tout de suite que
ce commerce se caractérise par les immenses intérêts
qu'il gère et l'importance stratégique qui lui
est inhérente, puisque, sous un nom ou un autre, Israël
(et les Etats-Unis derrière lui) a toujours des milliers
d'experts militaires disséminés un peu partout
sur le continent africain, encadrant des armées répressives
et, surtout, constituant des fers de lances prêts à
toute éventualité. De plus, certains rapports sur
le commerce d'armes israéliennes avaient, au début
des années 90, noté le chiffre de 800.000 dollars
par an pour les seuls échanges avec Pretoria, tandis que
d'autres parlaient de la somme de deux milliards annuellement
pour l'ensemble des pays africains. Sans oublier que ces échanges
ont permis aux gouvernements israéliens d'obtenir l'uranium
nécessaire à la fabrication des bombes atomiques
de type Hiroshima et d'autres et, aussi, un espace d'expérimentation
des armes nucléaires dans le désert de Kalahari.
- Ce commerce d'armes avec
le régime raciste de la minorité blanche en Afrique
du Sud s'était fait en tout quiétude et sans que
Washington y trouve à redire, malgré les sanctions
que le Congrès américain avait décrétées
en 1986 et qui prévoyaient de couper l'aide militaire
aux alliés des Etats-Unis qui avaient des relations avec
- Il faut dire que Henry
Kissinger a joué, là aussi, un rôle très
important pour fermer les yeux des congressmen, comme il avait
joué un rôle primordial dans la facilitation de
tous les accords militaires secrets établis entre Tel-Aviv
et les gouvernements africains dans le but d'asseoir les régimes
répressifs ou de déstabiliser des régimes
- Les intérêts
- Si nous avons mis l'accent
sur ce côté militaire, c'est pour montrer les liens
qui ont uni, pour un temps, deux racismes dangereux pour
les peuples africains et, surtout, pour attirer l'attention sur
le grand fossé qui sépare en fait la propagande
israélienne et les activités subversives qu'il
a menées dans nombre de pays, en appui aux nombreuses
dictatures et contre les aspirations des populations, que ce
soit dans l'exemple le plus flagrant de l'union au régime
de l'apartheid ou, encore, dans les complots ourdis en Angola
ou, enfin, dans l'infiltration israélienne dans des pays
tels le Nigeria, le Zaïre, le Togo ou le Liberia, pour ne
nommer que les quatre pays qui constituent, après l'Afrique
du Sud, d'importantes bases d'influence économique israélienne
en Afrique noire.
- Donc, les intérêts
militaires étaient doublés d'intérêts
financiers et économiques. En effet, le chiffre d'affaires
annuel produit par la vente des armes reste important malgré
la chute du régime de l'apartheid); à cela, nous
devrions ajouter les exportations israéliennes qui s'élèvent,
elles aussi, à quelques milliards de dollars par an: produits
industriels divers, machines agricoles, fertilisants, engrais,
- Mais Israël ne se
contente pas de ces exportations, ni de la présence de
ses grandes sociétés (Solel Bonet, Koor Industries,
Meïr Brothers, Agridno), depuis le début des années
70, dans plus de vingt Etats africains où elles gèrent
quelques centaines de projets dans les domaines du bâtiment,
de l'extraction et du commerce du diamant et des métaux
précieux (l'or zaïrois, surtout). Les milieux industriels
israéliens se sont infiltrés dans l'économie
africaine à travers des investissements directs et des
prêts consentis par la « Banque Leumi » et
la « Japhet Bank ».
- Aides militaires diverses,
appui à l'apartheid et à certaines dictatures,
ventes d'armes, mainmise sur une partie des richesses africaines,
infiltration financière : tels sont les différents
visages de la présence israélienne en Afrique.
- NOTES :
-  Cf. la lettre adressée
par Herzl à Rhodes et dans laquelle il lui demande son
aide en ces termes: «Il y a des rêveurs dont les
visions s'étendent à travers de longues périodes,
mais il leur manque la puissance pratique ; puis, il y a des
esprits pratiques à qui il manque l'imagination politique
fertile. Vous, Mr. Rhodes, vous êtes un politique visionnaire
ou un rêveur international... Vous en avez donné
des preuves; voilà pourquoi je vous demande d'apposer
votre sceau sur le plan sioniste et de proclamer devant les personnes
qui ne jurent que par vous: Je, Rhodes, déclare avoir
examiné ce plan et je l'ai trouvé correct et pratique.
C'est un plan qui recèle de la civilisation; il est parfait
(...) pour le progrès de l'humanité et très
utile à l'Angleterre et à la Grande-Bretagne».
-  La Présence
israélienne en Afrique durant trois décennies,
publications du Centre des études palestiniennes, rapport
à diffusion restreinte No 30, daté du 20/ 8/ 1985,
-  «The comprehensive
anti apartheid act», section 508.
- D'aucuns prétendent
que les Etats-Unis n'avaient pas eu connaissance de ces accords
militaires «secrets»; cependant, John Vorster, premier
ministre de Pretoria, en visite à Tel-Aviv en 1976, avait
signé des accords dans lesquels il est stipulé
que «l'Afrique du Sud fournissait à Israël
des matières premières et une aide financière,
en échange de quoi elle obtiendra des armes israéliennes
ou la technologie pour fabriquer ces armes sous licence».
Dix ans plus tard, en 1986, Modechai Vanunu, le chercheur israélien
en matière nucléaire, avait révélé
que les scientifiques sud-africains visitaient régulièrement
Israël où ils travaillaient dans un centre secret
implanté dans le désert du Negev.
- (27 mars 2002)
- AMFP 203 du 30 juillet 2002. BP 33
- 13191 Marseille France
- Phone + Fax : +33 491
- E-mail : <[email protected]>
- Le nigaud de service
- par Israël
- "Il faudrait décerner
au président Bush le titre de Sioniste émérite",
grinça HaNegbi, brute devenue ministre, lorsque les paroles
du président américain eurent fini de résonner
dans la chaleur moyen-orientale de cette fin juin. "Non.
Mieux que ça : il faudrait le coopter au comité
directeur du Likoud", riposta le leader d'opposition Yossi
Sarid. Le dirigeant travailliste israélien Shimon Pérès
semblait encore plus idiot que jamais auparavant, Bush lui ayant
chouravé son hochet préféré; la "menace
d'une intervention américaine". Pérès
et Sarid n'ont jamais pris la défense des droits humains
des Palestiniens, poussés par la sympathie ou la commune
humanité, non. Ils ont toujours préféré
tromper leurs partisans au sein d'un électorat israélien
au nationalisme notoire: "Nous nous comporterions volontiers
vis-à-vis des Palestiniens et de leurs territoires aussi
brutalement que le Likoud (la droite), mais nous tenons à
nos relations spéciales avec les Etats-Unis. Les Américains
ne le permettraient pas; c'est pourquoi nous sommes contraints
à nous comporter en êtres humains". Désormais,
leur interprétation tirée par les cheveux est par
terre. Les Américains s'en moquent. Ils ne prennent ombrage
d'absolument rien du tout et Israël peut poursuivre sa glissade
inexorable vers le cauchemar fasciste.
- Avec un sourire forcé,
je parcours des e-mails et des articles de l'année dernière,
datant de l'époque où Bush Junior venait d'être
élu président. Nombreux étaient les pontes
de droite à exprimer l'opinion que les Juifs avaient perdu,
avec son élection, leur ascendant sur la politique américaine.
"Des Juifs au cabinet de Bush ? Hou-hou, faites-moi peur
!" se lamentait Phillip Weiss, de l'Observer. Justin
Raimondo, du site Antiwar.com, était aux anges
devant ce qui avait tout l'air d'être un revers pour les
juifs. Mais, quelques mois après, seulement, ils allaient
être fixés: la suprématie anglo-saxonne reconquise
aux Etats-Unis n'était qu'un mirage. En procurant judicieusement
de l'argent à la fois aux Républicains et aux Démocrates,
à pratiquement tous les candidats, qu'ils soient de droite
ou de gauche, les dirigeants juifs sont capables d'influencer
le choix des électeurs en faveur des candidats qui ont
leur préférence. Sans doute ne peuvent-ils pas
faire nommer telle personne en particulier à tel ou tel
poste, mais ils peuvent jouer un rôle dans la premier tour,
à partir duquel le choix final, quel qu'il soit, importe
assez peu. Ils savent ce qu'ils veulent: ils préfèrent
les nigauds de service, des gens à l'intelligence, à
la compétence et à la volonté limitées,
d'une moralité douteuse, qu'ils s'appellent Bush ou Gore,
peu leur importe.
- "Choisir un gouvernant
faible", telle est la règle du jeu pour la prise
de contrôle réussie d'un pays par une minorité
ethnique ou religieuse. Règle à appliquer dès
lors que la populace du dit pays n'est pas encore prête
à accepter ses vrais gouvernants. Dans Babylon - 5 et
d'autres films de science-fiction, les extraterrestres préfèrent
un Terrien mollasson comme faire-valoir. Ils ont appris ça
dans l'histoire. Dans la seconde moitié du premier millénaire,
un immense Etat eurasien, la Khazarie, fit l'objet d'une prise
de contrôle de ce genre.
- Les Khazars indigènes
étaient gouvernés et protégés par
des nobles guerriers, Turcs, avec à leur tête le
Khan, c'est-à-dire le roi. Durant les sixième,
septième et huitième siècles, ils accueillirent
quelques vagues d'immigrants juifs, venus tout d'abord de la
Perse sassanide puis, plus tard, de l'Irak abbasside et de l'Empire
byzantin. Les khans turcs, bienveillants et tolérants,
croyaient acquérir, en les recevant, des sujets utiles,
intelligents et diligents, mais très vite, ces nouveaux
arrivants prirent le contrôle de la Khazarie.
- Pour un temps, ils conservèrent
la façade du règne de l'aristocratie khazare traditionnelle,
en plaçant sur le trône des Khans de plus en plus
faibles. En 803, le Juif Obadiah devint le véritable maître
de la Khazarie, tandis que le Khan "Goy" continuait
à être montré au peuple, une fois par an,
en gage de légitimité du pouvoir d'Obadiah. Finalement,
le dernier Khan gentil fut déchu, et la fiction du pouvoir
khazar prit fin, tandis qu'un Beg juif prenait ouvertement les
rênes du pouvoir en Khazarie.
- On avance souvent que
les dirigeants juifs forcèrent les Khazars à se
convertir en masse au judaïsme. Le romancier juif Arthur
Koestler pensait que les juifs modernes étaient les descendants
de ces Khazars convertis au judaïsme . Mais deux scientifiques
russes remarquables, l'archéologue Artamonov et l'historien
Leon Gumilev , parvinrent après de longues recherches
à la conclusion que les Khazars ordinaires n'ont pas été
convertis au judaïsme. Les juifs constituaient la classe
dirigeante en Khazarie et, d'après Gumilev, ils ne partageaient
pas les postes à la Cour ou les responsabilités
importantes avec des "étrangers" (non-juifs).
Les Khazars devinrent ainsi les sujets d'un pouvoir ethniquement
et religieusement allogène. Ils devaient payer des impôts
pour entretenir l'armée et la police, et aussi pour financer
une politique étrangère des plus aventureuses.
Ils finirent par perdre complètement leur pays.
- Les Juifs régnants
se sont "éclatés", mais durant fort peu
de temps: un siècle après leur prise de contrôle
totale, l'Empire khazar achevait de se désintégrer.
Des montages de ce genre ne durent pas, car ils détruisent
la base même du pouvoir sur lequel ils sont édifiés.
Les Khazars s'en moquaient: ils n'avaient pas de part à
la fabuleuse richesse de l'Empire. Ils devinrent les Tatars et
les Khazaks, et autres nations de la steppe. Leurs voisins ne
pleurèrent pas la disparition de l'Empire, fort enclin
au génocide et au commerce des esclaves. Les Juifs errèrent
et finirent par s'éloigner du bassin dévasté
de la Mer Caspienne, s'enfonçant dans les profondeurs
polonaises et lituaniennes, disparaissant de l'histoire pour
un petit millénaire d'hibernation.
- Les Juifs de Khazarie
avaient besoin d'un nigaud pour tenir le rôle du Khan,
car leur pouvoir était loin d'être assuré
et, seul, un nigaud autochtone pouvait accepter de satisfaire
à leurs exigences. Le discours de Bush sur le Moyen-Orient
a montré que ce scion d'une famille riche et puissante
est capable de se comporter comme un lapin pris dans les phares
d'une voiture. Dès cet instant, le sort de l'Empire américain
- Notes :
-  Arthur Koestler, La
-  Leon Gumilev, La
Russie et la Grande Steppe (en russe).
- 27 juin 2002. Traduit
de l'anglais par Marcel Charbonnier.
BU QU'AUX DINOSAURES
Iraq attack plans
alarm top military
- US and UK
commanders 'scratching their heads' to make sense of invasion
- Richard Norton-Taylor
and Julian Borger
- Military commanders
on both sides of the Atlantic are privately expressing deep unease
about American plans to invade Iraq, believing they are ill thought
out with the strategy to achieve the ultimate objective -- toppling
Saddam Hussein -- far from clear.
- It will be a "gargantuan
task" which could spark off a conflagration across the Middle
East, a European military official warned yesterday.
- A senior British military
source said it was clear there was a "desire of the US government
[to attack Iraq] on their own if necessary". He added: "We
are scratching our heads to see what could make strategic sense."
- US contingency plans
include: heavy air strikes combined with a relatively small invasion
force of 5,000 troops; a force of some 50,000 troops which could
be deployed quickly deep inside Iraq; and a massive ground force
of 250,000 US troops supported by 25,000 British soldiers.
- All the options are
described by a British military source as "high risk".
British military planners -- under Admiral Sir Michael Boyce,
the chief of the defence staff known for his cautious approach
and retiring next spring -- are reluctantly drawing up their
own contingency plans in the event of an expected request from
Washington for support.
- Some British military
sources suggest the US plans, leaked by the Pentagon, are merely
psychological warfare on Washington's part. Their preferred option
is to continue the existing policy of containment combined with
attempts to destabilise the regime.
- In pursuit of the "containment"
option, American bombers, supported by RAF aircraft, on Sunday
attacked a communications site in southern Iraq, the US central
command revealed yesterday. It was the sixth such strike this
month in response to what the US said were hostile actions by
- Growing concern among
senior members of the armed forces about the wisdom of invading
Iraq was echoed yesterday by General Sir Michael Rose, a former
head of the SAS and of UN forces in Bosnia.
- In an article in London's
Evening Standard under the heading: "The madness
of going to war with Iraq", he said: "There are huge
political and military risks associated with launching largescale
ground forces into Iraq."
- A former chief of defence
staff, Field Marshal Lord Bramall, warned in a letter to the
Times that an invasion of Iraq would pour "petrol rather
than water" on the flames and provide al-Qaida with more
recruits. He quoted a predecessor who said during the 1956 Suez
crisis: "Of course we can get to Cairo but what I want to
know is what the bloody hell do we do when we get there?"
- Retired top military
personnel frequently express the opinions of serving senior officers.
These misgivings about an Iraqi military adventure echo apprehension
among senior uniformed officers on the other side of the Atlantic,
clear splits have emerged between America's professional soldiers
and the gung ho civilian leaders in the White House and the Pentagon.
- In briefings calculated
to query the administration's persistent sabre rattling towards
Iraq, unnamed officers told the Washington Post that the
policy of containment was working well and that the alternative,
a military assault, was too riddled with risk to be worth pursuing.
The officers even questioned the motivation behind the Bush administration's
preoccupation with ousting Saddam as part of a wider "war
on terror". One general described as being "involved
in the Afghanistan war" suggested it could be a matter of
settling scores for the Bush family, after an alleged Iraqi plot
to assassinate the president's father during a 1993 visit to
Kuwait. "I'm not aware of any linkage to al-Qaida or terrorism,"
the general said, "so I have to wonder if this has something
to do with his father being targeted by Saddam."
- But another uniformed
officer at the Pentagon played down the importance of the dissenting
voices. "Has there ever been a single military operation
where you haven't had some voices wondering whether it's a good
idea? Probably not," the officer told the Guardian.
- Michael O'Hanlon, a
strategic analyst at the Brookings Institution thinktank in Washington
also argued that the reports of uniform-civilian splits had been
exaggerated. "If there are more than one or two on the joint
chiefs of staff who are against it, I'd be surprised," he
said. "The thrust is how you do it and when you do it. They're
not questioning the president's decision on whether to do it."
- But he said senior officers
were also concerned about "the casual march to war"
being pursued by hawks in the administration, who portrayed the
operation as relatively risk-free.
- Richard Perle, a Pentagon
adviser and an advocate of an assault on Iraq, rejected the anxiety
voiced as irrelevant. The decision to take on Saddam, he said,
was "a political judgment that these guys aren't competent
- The Guardian, Tuesday July 30, 2002
US group says
Israel is drag on US PR
- By Janine
- Washington -- The US
must do a better job explaining why it supports Israel if it
wants to improve its image in the Arab world, a new report issued
by the Council on Foreign Relations says.
- Figuring out how to
improve America's image abroad has taken on a higher priority
since September 11 as the US pursues its war on terrorism. The
report, completed by an Independent Task Force on Public Diplomacy,
says for public diplomacy to be effective it "must be a
central element of foreign policy." (...)
- Israel, it says, is
a "prime example of an unpopular policy that the US should
not change merely to curry favor or world audiences. Washington,
however, must do better in explaining the motivations behind
- "Without casting
itself as Israel's special champion, messages should point out
that the United States is a democratic country, and that US policy
toward Israel and on other issues is heavily influenced by the
views of Congress, powerful interest groups, the press, and public
opinion generally," the report says. It makes seven specific
recommendations on how to market US policy toward Israel including:
stressing widespread sympathy for preservation of state of Israel
and its security; highlighting decisions by Egypt and Jordan
to establish ties; and emphasizing "that the United States
is committed to the survival of Israel, while also trying to
curb the widespread impression that the United States unconditionally
supports Israeli policies." (...)
- Jul. 31, 2002
- LES MYSTÈRES
DU ONZE SEPTEMBRE
- 11 septembre:
un juge rappelle à Bush les exigences de la démocratie
- Washington (AFP), le
02-08-2002. Un juge fédéral a infligé, au
nom de la défense des valeurs démocratiques, un
sévère camouflet à l'administration Bush
en ordonnant vendredi la publication "dans les 15 jours"
de l'identité de tous les prisonniers détenus en
relation avec les attentats du 11 septembre.
- La plupart d'entre eux
sont emprisonnés sur la base navale de Guantanamo (Cuba).
Le département de la Justice (DOJ) "devra révéler
dans les 15 jours les noms de ceux qu'il a arrêtés
et détenus dans le cadre de son enquête sur les
attentats terroristes du 11 septembre", écrit la
juge Gladys Kessler du tribunal de Washington dans son jugement.
Le DOJ devra aussi publier les noms de leurs avocats.
- La juge a cependant
prévu deux exceptions: lorsqu'une décision de justice
prohibe déjà la publication du nom d'un prisonnier
particulier (c'est le cas pour les "témoins matériels");
ou quand le détenu lui-même souhaite que son identité
reste confidentielle. De plus, elle a décidé que
le département de la Justice avait le droit de garder
secrets les dates et lieux de l'arrestation et de la détention.
- Une plainte contre le
département de la Justice avait été déposée
par 23 organisations diverses, allant de centre de recherches
à des organisations d'avocats, ou encore de défense
des droits de l'homme, parmi lesquels le Centre d'études
de sécurité nationale, l'Union américaine
pour la défense des libertés civiques (ACLU), l'Institut
arabe-américain, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch,
le Comité des reporters pour la liberté de la presse,
- Le 25 octobre dernier,
l'Attorney General (ministre de la Justice) John Ashcroft avait
indiqué que "près de 1.000 personnes"
avaient été arrêtées et détenues
dans le cadre de l'enquête sur les attentats, tout en refusant
de révéler les noms des personnes concernées.
Un total de 751 détenus ont été arrêtés
pour des violations des lois sur l'immigration, dont 74 étaient
toujours emprisonnés au 13 juin dernier.
- De plus, 129 personnes
ont été inculpées pour des crimes fédéraux
par la justice fédérale. Sur les 73 qui restaient
emprisonnées à la mi-juin, une seule a vu son nom
rendu public: Zacarias Moussaoui, le seul inculpé en relation
directe avec les attentats du 11 septembre et qui attend son
procès. Par ailleurs, le nombre de personnes emprisonnées
comme "témoin matériel" n'a jamais été
rendu public par les autorités mais au moins 26 noms sont
connus. Enfin, le Pentagone a indiqué que le nombre de
prisonniers capturés en Afghanistan et soupçonnés
d'appartenir aux talibans ou à Al-Qaïda s'élevait
à 534 hommes (de 39 nationalités différentes).
- La juge relève
que la plainte était fondée sur la "loi pour
la liberté d'information" (Freedom of Information
Act), dont le fondement, dit-elle, est de permettre aux citoyens
de savoir "ce que fait l'Etat" et de "lever le
voile du secret étatique".
- Or, "à ce
jour, constate-t-elle, le public ne sait pas combien de personnes
ont été arrêtées ou détenues
dans le cadre de l'enquête, pas plus qu'il ne sait qui
ils sont, où ils sont et s'ils sont représentés
par un avocat". Pour sa défense, le département
de la Justice avait argué que la publication des noms
des détenus "révélerait la direction
et les progrès de l'enquête en identifiant les pistes
sur lesquelles les enquêteurs concentrent leurs efforts".
- Mais la juge a rejeté
cet argument, en estimant qu'il était peu plausible, dix
mois après les évènements du 11 septembre,
que les groupes terroristes ne sachent pas déjà
lesquels de leurs membres sont détenus par les autorités
- Citant la jurisprudence,
la juge Kessler relève surtout que "les arrestations
secrètes sont +un concept odieux dans une société
démocratique+ et profondément contraire aux valeurs
fondamentales qui caractérisent une société
libre et ouverte telle que la nôtre". Du coup, conclut-elle,
"la première priorité du pouvoir judiciaire
doit être de s'assurer que l'exécutif opère
toujours dans les limites constitutionnelles et légales
qui distinguent une démocratie d'une dictature".
- site personnel :
Lettre cosignée par Einstein, Hannah
Arendt et d'autres, publiée dans le New York Times
du 4 décembre 1948 pour protester contre la visite aux
Etats-Unis du massacreur fasciste Menahem Begin
Letters to New
York Times December 4, 1948
- New Palestine Party Visit
of Menachem Begin and Aims of Political Movement Discussed
- TO THE EDITORS OF THE
NEW YORK TIMES :
- Among the most disturbing
political phenomena of our times is the emergence in the newly
created state of Israel of the "Freedom Party" (Herout),
a political party closely akin in its organization, methods,
political philosophy and social appeal to the Nazi and Fascist
parties. It was formed out of the membership and following
of the former Irgun Zvai Leumi, a terrorist, right-wing,
chauvinist organization in Palestine. The current visit of Menachem
Begin, leader of this party, to the United States is obviously
calculated to give the impression of American support for his
party in the coming Israeli elections, and to cement political
ties with conservative Zionist elements in the United States.
Several Americans of national repute have lent their names to
welcome his visit. It is inconceivable that those who oppose
fascism throughout the world, if correctly informed as to Mr.
Begin's political record and perspectives, could add their names
and support to the movement he represents.
- Before irreparable damage
is done by way of financial contributions, public manifestations
in Begin's behalf, and the creation in Palestine of the impression
that a large segment of America supports Fascist elements in
Israel, the American public must be informed as to the record
and objectives of Mr. Begin and his movement. The public avowals
of Begin's party are no guide whatever to its actual character.
Today they speak of freedom, democracy and anti-imperialism,
whereas until recently they openly preached the doctrine of the
Fascist state. It is in its actions that the terrorist party
betrays its real character; from its past actions we can judge
what it may be expected to do in the future.
- Attack on Arab Village
- A shocking example was
their behavior in the Arab village of Deir Yassin. This village,
off the main roads and surrounded by Jewish lands, had taken
no part in the war, and had even fought off Arab bands who wanted
to use the village as their base. On April 9 (THE NEW YORK TIMES),
terrorist bands attacked this peaceful village, which was not
a military objective in the fighting, killed most of its inhabitants240
men, women, and childrenand kept a few of them alive to parade
as captives through the streets of Jerusalem. Most of the Jewish
community was horrified at the deed, and the Jewish Agency sent
a telegram of apology to King Abdullah of Trans-Jordan. But the
terrorists, far from being ashamed of their act, were proud of
this massacre, publicized it widely, and invited all the foreign
correspondents present in the country to view the heaped corpses
and the general havoc at Deir Yassin.
- The Deir Yassin incident
exemplifies the character and actions of the Freedom Party. Within
the Jewish community they have preached an admixture of ultranationalism,
religious mysticism, and racial superiority. Like other Fascist
parties they have been used to break strikes, and have themselves
pressed for the destruction of free trade unions. In their stead
they have proposed corporate unions on the Italian Fascist model.
During the last years of sporadic anti-British violence, the
IZL and Stern groups inaugurated a reign of terror in the
Palestine Jewish community. Teachers were beaten up for speaking
against them, adults were shot for not letting their children
join them. By gangster methods, beatings, window-smashing, and
wide-spread robberies, the terrorists intimidated the population
and exacted a heavy tribute. The people of the Freedom Party
have had no part in the constructive achievements in Palestine.
They have reclaimed no land, built no settlements, and only detracted
from the Jewish defense activity. Their much-publicized immigration
endeavors were minute, and devoted mainly to bringing in Fascist
- Discrepancies Seen
- The discrepancies between
the bold claims now being made by Begin and his party, and their
record of past performance in Palestine bear the imprint of no
ordinary political party. This is the unmistakable stamp of a
Fascist party for whom terrorism (against Jews, Arabs, and British
alike), and misrepresentation are means, and a "Leader State"
is the goal. In the light of the foregoing considerations, it
is imperative that the truth about Mr. Begin and his movement
be made known in this country. It is all the more tragic that
the top leadership of American Zionism has refused to campaign
against Begin,s efforts, or even to expose to its own constituents
the dangers to Israel from support to Begin. The undersigned
therefore take this means of publicly presenting a few salient
facts concerning Begin and his party ; and of urging all concerned
not to support this latest manifestation of fascism.
- ISIDORE ABRAMOWITZ, HANNAH
ARENDT, ABRAHAM BRICK, RABBI JESSURUN CARDOZO, ALBERT EINSTEIN,
HERMAN EISEN, M.D., HAYIM FINEMAN, M. GALLEN, M.D., H.H. HARRIS,
ZELIG S. HARRIS, SIDNEY HOOK, FRED KARUSH, BRURIA KAUFMAN, IRMA
L. LINDHEIM, NACHMAN MAISEL, SEYMOUR MELMAN, MYER D. MENDELSON,
M.D., HARRY M. OSLINSKY, SAMUEL PITLICK, FRITZ ROHRLICH, LOUIS
P. ROCKER, RUTH SAGIS, ITZHAK SANKOWSKY, I.J. SHOENBERG, SAMUEL
SHUMAN, M. SINGER, IRMA WOLFE, STEFAN WOLFE.
- New York, Dec. 2, 1948
Que disent les juifs américains
aujourd'hui quand le concubin de feu Begin, le brav'général
Charogne vient pousser Boubouche au cul ? Ils béent d'admiration.
OUVERTE AUX AUTORITéS FRANçAISES
- Cinq citoyens français
ont été arrêtés le mercredi 7 août
2002 alors qu'ils se trouvaient à Naplouse dans le cadre
d'une mission de la campagne civile internationale pour la protection
du peuple palestinien. Ces personnes sont entrées légalement
en Israël et ont décidé de se rendre dans
les territoires palestiniens. Après une manifestation
pacifique aux côtés des palestiniens contre un couvre-feu
particulièrement sévère, l'armée
et la police israéliennes ont violemment réprimé
les manifestants et arrêté sans aucun motif 9 internationaux
(2 américains, 1 italien 1 irlandais et 5 français)
Le ministère de l'intérieur a décidé
de les expulser. Ils sont actuellement emprisonnés après
avoir été déclarés "illégaux"
de manière arbitraire. Par ailleurs, ils ont été
traités de manière dégradante, dans la mesure
où ils furent amenés à leur hôtel
pieds et mains enchaînés, avec interdiction de communiquer.
La mesure d'expulsion est fondée sur l'illégalité
du séjour dans les territoires palestiniens. Or, ces personnes
sont entrées légalement en Israël et jouissent
d'une liberté de circulation qui est protégée
par le droit international. Par consequent, le séjour
dans les territoires palestiniens ne constitue en rien un acte
illégal. Cette mesure d'exception constitue une violation
du droit international. D'autre part, le gouvernement israélien
baffoue le droit des organisations des droits de l'Homme, dont
la mission est d'observer les violations de ces droits. Ceci
est contraire à la 4ème Convention de Genève.
Nous condamnons aussi bien la mesure d'expulsion que le traitement
infligé aux personnes arrêtées. Nous condamnons
le refus de l'Etat d'Israël de laisser des internationaux
témoigner de l'oppression qu'il fait subir à la
population dans les territoires palestiniens, alors même
qu'un Etat démocratique permet la liberté de circulation.
Nous condamnons la criminalisation de la solidarité avec
le peuple palestinien. Nous exigeons des autorites françaises
qu'elles protestent officiellement auprès de l'Etat d'Israël
contre cette entrave à la liberté de circuler.
Nous exigeons qu'elles mettent tout en oeuvre, sur le plan politique,
juridique et matériel pour assurer la protection de ses
ressortissants quand leurs droits individuels sont bafoués
et qu'elles veillent au respect de leur dignité. Dans
le cadre de l'expulsion qui a d'ores et déjà été
décidée, elles doivent demander aux autorités
israéliennes que leur détention ne dépasse
pas le délai légal de garde à vue. Alors
que le gouvernement reconnaît l'autorité palestinienne,
le fait de séjourner dans un territoire palestinien relève-t-il,
à ses yeux, de l'illégalité? Pour notre
part, nous reconnaissons l'existence du peuple palestinien, nous
soutenons et continuerons à défendre ses droits
légitimes. Nous demandons la libération immédiate
des 9 internationaux, parmi lesquels les 5 français, et
l'annulation des actes d'expulsion.
- Les membres de la 27ème
mission de la CCIPPP
- Jerusalem le 9/08/2002
ne croit plus à la thèse Ben Laden
- (Réseau Voltaire
- 07/08/02) Dans une interview à paraître dans le
New-Yorker, le président du Pakistan déclare
ne plus croire qu'Oussama Ben Laden ait été le
commanditaire des attentats du 11 septembre. " Je ne pense
pas qu'il soit possible qu'Oussama ait pu faire ça depuis
les montagnes (...) Il était peut-être le sponsor,
le financier, la force de motivation. Mais ceux qui ont perpétré
cela était bien plus modernes (...) Je ne pense pas qu'il
ait été le cerveau ou le planificateur. C'était
quelqu'un d'autre " a indiqué le président
Musharraf. Le 4 octobre 2001, le gouvernement pakistanais s'était
déclaré convaincu par les documents transmis par
les autorités US de la culpabilité d'Oussama Ben
- <[email protected]> 07 Aug 2002
NOUVELLE MURAILLE DE CHINE
sur la construction du mur de séparation
- Depuis le début
des travaux, engagés voici trois mois, 40 mètres
de barrière de sécurité ont été
construits le long de la ligne verte. Le ministère de
la Defense impute à la procédure des appels d'offres
la lenteur des travaux, supposés aboutir au bout d'un
an à l'existence d'une muraille longue de 110 kilomètres.
Trois promoteurs se partageaient jusqu'à présent
le projet. Ils ont été rejoints hier par sept promoteurs
supplémentaires. La lenteur des travaux est également
imputable, précise-t-on, aux arrangements territoriaux
conclus avec les habitants de la région, ainsi qu'à
- Au cours d'un débat
qui s'est tenu aujourd'hui au sein de la commission parlementaire
du contrôle de l'Etat, des représentants du ministère
de la Défense ont affirmé que la construction du
mur de séparation, prévue le long de la ligne verte,
progresserait de dix kilomètres par semaine. Cette réunion
a eu lieu à la suite d'un rapport établi par le
contrôleur de l'Etat qui a relevé de nombreuses
failles dans l'édification de cette cloison. Le président
de la commission, Ran Cohen (Meretz), a déclaré
que si aucun progrès n'était enregistré
sur le terrain d'ici un mois, il envisagerait de nommer une commission
d'enquête gouvernementale. Le chef de l'opposition, Yossi
Sarid (Meretz) a approuvé cette proposition.
- Arutz 7, 6 août 2002
les massacreurs au berceau
- The Pentagon aims to attract
a new generation of recruits with video games that simulate grunt
life from boot camp to the battlefield
- The 62,000 video-game
executives flooding into the Los Angeles Convention Center on
May 21 might have thought the security staff had gone overboard.
Parked out front were a Bradley Linebacker fighting vehicle,
an Avenger Humvee, and a cadre of soldiers. But they weren't
there to deter terrorists. This convention was selected for the
unveiling of a suite of video games called America's Army.
These are 3-D action games like dozens of others, except for
one thing: They're created by the U.S. Army.
- Inside the convention
center, site of the 2002 Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3),
attendees sampled the games in a 1,400-square-foot Army command
post, which featured real-live air-assault sergeants rappelling
down ropes from the ceiling. Quite a show for the first-ever
appearance by the military at E3. Fictional soldiers have long
starred in video games. But unlike other publishers, the Army
won't try to reap millions off its games. Starting in August,
it'll distribute its titles free to young people considering
- SIMS WITH A MISSION. To
start the games, players create their own customized soldier
characters, then guide them through boot camp and various missions
-- kind of like The Sims but with barracks, M-16s, and
stints in Fort Leavenworth military prison. The players can also
participate in Web-based team missions with other potential recruits
from all over the country. "We want to teach kids what
it's really like to be a soldier," says Casey Wardynski,
director of the Army's Office of Economic & Manpower Analysis.
- America's Army is the
latest link in the military's partnership with the $9 billion
U.S. video-game industry. The armed forces have long used computerized
combat simulations to train service personnel. Now, they're relying
on the game industry to add richer, more realistic graphics and
countless plot twists.
- In 1999, the Army teamed
up with the University of Southern California to launch the Institute
for Creative Technologies (ICT), a collaboration among entertainment
executives and gamemakers committed to dreaming up new systems
for training soldiers. America's Army was developed at another
new institute called Modeling, Virtual Environments & Simulation
(MOVES) at the Naval
- Postgraduate School in
- SHOOT TO KILL. The games-and-defense
partnership makes sense in terms of both technology and recruitment,
since most game fanatics are males in their teens and twenties.
"We need to attract more people from this tech-literate
group," says Michael Zyda, director of MOVES.
- Clearly, realism is
a big draw. Designed with $6 million in Army grants for the
PC, the games feature real video footage from Army sites, such
as caves in Afghanistan and the obstacle course at Fort
Benning, Ga. Bits of recorded speech add depth to the action:
Smoke cigarettes in boot camp, and your drill sergeant shows
up, barking reprimands. "There are millions of potential
speeches and scenes," says executive producer John Hiles,
a research scientist for MOVES.
- When it comes to killing, the game doesn't pull any punches,
which may alarm video-game critics. Warns clinical psychologist
Jeanne B. Funk, a University of Toledo professor who writes about
violence and the media: "Games meant for older audiences
get into the hands of young children."
- ODD ALLIANCE. Unlike Halo
and Grand Theft Auto 3, however, where part of the fun is shooting
everything in sight, America's Army uses death as a means
of completing missions. "You don't get points for killing,"
Wardynski says. And trigger-happy players who hit fellow soldiers
wind up at Leavenworth.
- At ICT, folks look forward
to more collaboration. "Hollywood weirdos, computer nerds,
and the military -- what a combo," says Executive Director
Richard Lindheim. "But it's changing the way the Army does
business." Parents be advised: The situations in these games
may be real.
- By Arlene Weintraub in
- The McGraw-Hill Companies
- There is
a firestorm coming, and it is being provoked by Mr Bush
- More and
more, President Bush's rhetoric sounds like the crazed videotapes
of Osama bin Laden
- By Robert
- So now Osama bin Laden
is Hitler. And Saddam Hussein is Hitler. And George Bush is fighting
the Nazis. Not since Menachem Begin fantasised to President Reagan
that he felt he was attacking Hitler in Berlin - his Israeli
army was actually besieging Beirut, killing thousands of civilians,
"Hitler" being the pathetic Arafat - have we had to
listen to claptrap like this. But the fact that we Europeans
had to do so in the Bundestag on Thursday - and, for the most
part, in respectful silence - was extraordinary. I'm reminded
of the Israeli columnist who, tired of the wearying invocation
of the Second World War to justify yet more Israeli brutality,
began an article with the words : "Mr Prime Minister, Hitler
is dead." Must we, forever, live under the shadow of a war
that was fought and won before most of us were born ? Do we have
to live forever with living, diminutive politicians playing Churchill
(Thatcher and, of course, Blair) or Roosevelt ? "He's a
dictator who gassed his own people," Mr Bush reminded us
for the two thousandth time, omitting as always to mention that
the Kurds whom Saddam viciously gassed were fighting for Iran
and that the United States, at the time, was on Saddam's side.
- But there is a much
more serious side to this. Mr Bush is hoping to corner the Russian
President, Vladimir Putin, into a new policy of threatening Iran.
He wants the Russians to lean on the northern bit of the "axis
of evil", the infantile phrase which he still trots out
to the masses. More and more, indeed, Mr Bush's rhetoric sounds
like the crazed videotapes of Mr bin Laden. And still he tries
to lie about the motives for the crimes against humanity of 11
September. Yet again, in the Bundestag, he insisted that the
West's enemies hated "justice and democracy", even
though most of America's Muslim enemies wouldn't know what democracy
was. In the United States, the Bush administration is busy terrorising
Americans. There will be nuclear attacks, bombs in high-rise
apartment blocks, on the Brooklyn bridge, men with exploding
belts - note how carefully the ruthless Palestinian war against
Israeli colonisation of the West Bank is being strapped to America's
ever weirder "war on terror" - and yet more aircraft
suiciders. If you read the words of President Bush, Vice- President
Dick Cheney and the ridiculous national security adviser, Condoleezza
Rice, over the past three days, you'll find they've issued more
threats against Americans than Mr bin Laden.
- But let's get back to
the point. The growing evidence that Israel's policies are America's
policies in the Middle East - or, more accurately, vice versa
- is now being played out for real in statements from Congress
and on American television. First, we have the chairman of the
US Senate Foreign Relations Committee announcing that Hizbollah
- the Lebanese guerrilla force that drove Israel's demoralised
army out of Lebanon in the year 2000 - is planning attacks in
the US. After that, we had an American television network "revealing"
that Hizbollah, Hamas and al- Qa'ida - Mr bin Laden's organisation
- have held a secret meeting in Lebanon to plot attacks on the
US. American journalists insist on quoting "sources"
but there was, of course, no sourcing for this balderdash, which
is now repeated ad nauseam in the American media. Then take the
"Syrian Accountability Act" that was introduced into
the US Senate by Israel's friends on18 April. This includes the
falsity uttered earlier by Israel's Foreign Minister, Shimon
Peres, that Iranian Revolutionary Guards "operate freely"
on the southern Lebanese border. Now there haven't been Iranian
Revolutionary Guards in Lebanon - let alone the south of the
country - for 18 years. So why is this lie repeated yet again
- Iran is under threat.
Lebanon is under threat. Syria is under threat - its "terrorism"
status has been heightened by the State Department - and so is
Iraq. But Ariel Sharon, the Israeli Prime Minister held personally
responsible by Israel's own enquiry for the Sabra and Shatila
massacre of 1,700 Palestinians in Beirut in 1982, is - according
to Mr Bush - "a man of peace". How much further can
this go ? A long way, I fear. The anti-American feeling throughout
the Middle East is palpable. Arab newspaper editorials don't
come near to expressing public opinion. In Damascus, Majida Tabbaa
has become famous as the lady who threw the US Consul Roberto
Powers out of her husband's downtown restaurant on 7 April. "I
went over to him," she said, "and told him, 'Mr Roberto,
tell your George Bush that all of you are not welcome - please
get out'." Across the Arab world, boycotts of American goods
have begun in earnest.
- How much longer can
this go on ? America praises Pakistani President Musharraf for
his support in the "war on terror", but remains silent
when he arranges a dictatorial "referendum" to keep
him in power. America's enemies, remember, hate the US for its
"democracy". So is General Musharraf going to feel
the heat ? Forget it. My guess is that Pakistan's importance
in the famous "war on terror" -- or "war for civilisation"
as, we should remember, it was originally called - is far more
important. If Pakistan and India go to war, I'll wager a lot
that Washington will come down for undemocratic Pakistan against
democratic India. Across the former Soviet southern Muslim republics,
America is building air bases, helping to pursue the "war
on terror" against any violent Muslim Islamist groups that
dare to challenge the local dictators. Please do not believe
that this is about oil. Do not for a moment think that these
oil and gas-rich lands have any economic importance for the oil-fuelled
Bush administration. Nor the pipelines that could run from northern
Afghanistan to the Pakistani coast if only that pesky Afghan
loya jirga could elect a government that would give concessions
to Unocal, the oddly named concession whose former boss just
happens to be a chief Bush "adviser" to Afghanistan.
- Now here's pause for
thought. Abdelrahman al-Rashed writes in the international Arabic
daily Asharq al-Awsat that if anyone had said prior to 11 September
that Arabs were plotting a vast scheme to murder thousands of
Americans in the US, no one would have believed them. "We
would have charged that this was an attempt to incite the American
people against Arabs and Muslims," he wrote. And rightly
so. But Arabs did commit the crimes against humanity of 11 September.
And many Arabs greatly fear that we have yet to see the encore
from the same organisation. In the meantime, Mr Bush goes on
to do exactly what his enemies want ; to provoke Muslims and
Arabs, to praise their enemies and demonise their countries,
to bomb and starve Iraq and give uncritical support to Israel
and maintain his support for the dictators of the Middle East.
Each morning now, I awake beside the Mediterranean in Beirut
with a feeling of great foreboding. There is a firestorm coming.
And we are blissfully ignoring its arrival ; indeed, we are provoking
- The Independent, 25 May 2002.
PALESTINE, LES JUIFS RASENT SYSTÉMATIQUEMENT LES MONUMENTS
- Israelis bulldoze
Christian sites on Mount Abu Ghniem
- Palestinian archaeologists
declared that Israeli bulldozers destroyed the ruins of an important
Christian church on mount Abu Ghniem known as Al-Istiraha (resting
place) church constructed in the fifth century on the road from
Jerusalem to Bethlehem. The Palestinian archaeological department
issued an important report that shows the dangers of constructing
an Israeli settlement on mount Abu Ghniem since it threatens
archaeological and historical sites in the area. Not to mention
that this clearing of the land is a violation to the International
law, where the Lahi agreement demands the safety of cultural
assets in times of armed struggle and it is the duty of the occupying
force to protect archaeological and religious sites.
- The report demanded the
immediate stop of the destruction measures and called on the
archaeological, scientific and international institutions to
intervene and force the Israeli side to stop its assaults and
respect signed agreements with the Palestinian authority. The
report also contained an account of the archaeological sites
in mount Abu Ghniem and indicated that this hill is not only
an archaeological site, but also a religious site where there
is a water well that is known as Al-Istiraha and was later named
Virgin Mary's well. It is 500 meters away from Mar Elias monastery
on the road from Jerusalem to Bethlehem.
- Historic findings indicate
that the well was dug 3000 years ago like many other wells that
were dug on this commercial road. The well is deep and fills
with rain water. The Israelis have closed the well with cement
in 1968-70 and switched the water to the new Gilo settlement.
There are several legends to the naming of the well ; one claims
that the Virgin Mary and Joseph rested near the well when they
were on their way to Bethlehem when the Virgin was feeling tired
from the pregnancy. Another legend says that the Wise Men on
their way to see baby Jesus in Bethlehem rested near the well,
where they saw the star again which led them to the place of
Jesus. A third legend says that this well was suddenly discovered
with an explosion so Virgin Mary can drink while she passed from
the area and the well was therefor named Virgin Mary's well.
- The archaeological department's
report also indicated that there are many religious sites in
the area for example, there are ruins of a church that has a
large ground of mosaics. Another place is the Seir Al-Qalam,
a traditional location for the Shepherds Field in Bethlehem,
and Mar Elias Monastery that was maintained by the Byzantine
emperor Manuel Komeinous in the twelfth century. This is in addition
to the Al-Istiraha church (Resting place) constructed in the
fifth century to revive the memory of the Holy Family resting
in this area.
- From: <[email protected]> (john david powell), Palestine
Internet News Service, 30 July 2002
DEBUT DE LA FIN (suite)
E in Italia ci
dicono: "Fuggite da tel Aviv e tornate qui da noi"
- (Fuyez tel Aviv
et venez chez nous)
- de Manuela Dviri
- Le soir avant de partir
de Tel Aviv, je suis allée à un mariage. A l'entrée
de la salle, il y avait un garde, la mitraillette en bandoulière.
Il a demandé à voir l'invitation avant de nous
laisser entrer. Puis il a retourné l'enveloppe pour voir
si c'était bien nous les invités, pour voir en
somme si le nom correspondait. Il a dit: "On ne sait jamais".
Pour plus de sûreté.
- Le lendemain matin, je
suis entrée dans un centre commercial pour acheter du
dentifrice. A l'entrée, le garde a fouillé mon
sac et m'a demandé ma carte d'identité. Ils le
font à tout le monde ou c'est moi qui a une tête
de suspecte ? Ils le font à tout le monde, a-t-il dit.
Le soir nous étions en Italie. Trois heures vingt de vol.
- Et le lendemain, dans
notre petite ville balnéaire, à la plage, ce furent
les embrassades, peut-être un peu plus longues que d'habitude,
et des petits silences rapides. Mes voisins de vacances de toujours
m'ont regardée comme on regarde un malade en phase terminale,
à qui personne n'oserait demander si les métastases
sont partout ou comment va sa tumeur, ou pour quand est prévu
le décès. On comprend tout d'un coup que nous faisons
peine à voir, moi, mes deux filles et mes deux petits-enfants,
encore bébés. Et nous semblons des condamnées
à mort un peu atypiques. Nous n'avons pas le physique
de l'emploi pour jouer les malheureux, les réfugiés,
les Noirs africains en guerre et affamés, les Slaves,
les Afghans. On a l'air de gens bien. Normaux. On a des maillots
deux-pièces avec paréo assorti, on a de la cellulite
et on attrape des coups de soleil.
- Les enfants nagent dans
le bonheur, mais sans évidemment savoir pourquoi. Ces
derniers mois, cela fait un an déjà, ils se sont
habitués, les pauvres petits, aux gardes armés
à la crèche, aux gardes armés au jardin,
aux gardes armés à la plage, aux gardes armés
chez le marchand de jouets, aux gardes armés chez la marchande
de glaces, aux gardes armés au cinéma et au supermarché.
Mes filles aussi sont heureuses et enfin tranquilles.
- Evidemment, elles ne réussissent
pas à se promener tranquillement dans les rues de la station
balnéaire. Mais elles essaient. Enfin libres, elle sont
continuellement en mouvement. Elles se promènent tout
le temps, avec ou sans la poussette. Elles ont l'air d'être
elles aussi retombées en enfance. Certains regards de
travers me disent que je suis une inconsciente, que je n'ai rien
compris de la vie, que j'aurais pu vivre ici normalement sans
aller faire l'originale dans des pays lointains, dangereux et
barbares. Que je suis née ici, et non pas dans un camps
en Pologne ou en Allemagne, ou dans un trou quelconque au Maroc.
- En somme, que je suis
une crétine, une irresponsable, une folledingue, que c'est
moi qui me suis voulu cette vie folle que je suis en train de
vivre et que je fais vivre à mes enfants et même
à mes petits enfants. Quels casse-couilles que ces juifs,
pensent certains autres; ça fait trois mille ans qu'ils
ne font rien d'autre que nous les casser. Vous ne voyez pas qu'ils
nous amènent la troisième guerre mondiale ?
- Il n'y a eu que la concierge,
qui partira cet été à la maison de retraite,
qui ait eu le courage de dire à ma fille que peut-être
il serait mieux de rester ici et de ne pas ramener là-bas
ces pauvres enfants. Et Gabriella, ma voisine d'en face, qui
me connaît depuis quarante ans et qui a son franc-parler,
m'a demandé: «Pourquoi tu ne te sauves pas pendant
que tu peux, tu n'as pas peur ?»
- Eh ! Si. J'ai peur, tellement
peur. Et j'ai l'angoisse. Je suis terrorisée.
- Corriere della Sera, 13 Agosto 2002.
- Comment les
groupes juifs américains achètent
- les parlementaires.
Démonstration (de la bouche du cheval)
- Comment les
groupes juifs sélectionnent leurs candidats aux élections
et les font passer grâce à l'argent
- By Sharon Samber
- Washington, Aug. 13
(JTA) With Israel under attack and seemingly at its most vulnerable
in decades, American Jews are trying to ensure that the next
U.S. Congress maintains a strong pro-Israel bent. Education,
health care and the economy probably will be the key issues for
most voters when they go to the polls in November. But candidates
also want to have a strong anti-terrorism platform in the election
-- the first since Sept. 11 -- and "support for Israel is
one way to do that," Democratic pollster Mark Mellman said.
- The election also comes
after an upsurge in anti-Semitism in Europe and at international
forums such as last year's U.N. World Conference Against Racism
in Durban, South Africa. The dual concern over Israel
and anti-Semitism is spurring special interest in the elections
-- and fund-raising for candidates "far from home"
-- among Jewish activists.
- A particularly important
test case for Jewish involvement will take place Aug. 20, when
Rep. Cynthia McKinney (D-Ga.), who has angered many in the
Jewish community for years, faces a primary challenger who
has received support from the Jewish community.
- The race has attracted
the involvement of members of the local Jewish community in Georgia
and the national Jewish community.
- McKinney's vote against
a pro-Israel resolution in May added to a record of remarks over
the years that the pro-Israel community has considered insensitive,
even outrageous at times.
- In the shadow of Israel's
Operation Protective Wall in the West Bank in the spring, McKinney
was one of only 21 representatives who voted against a
resolution that expressed solidarity with Israel, reaffirmed
Israel's right to self-defense, supported additional defense
assistance for Israel and condemned Palestinian terrorism.
- One instance that particularly
rankled American Jews was connected to a $10 million disaster
relief donation from a Saudi prince who sought to tie the Sept.
11 terror attacks to U.S. support for Israel.
- New York's former mayor,
Rudolph Giuliani, rejected the gift because of its political
message, but McKinney, who agreed with the Saudi's assessment,
asked for the prince's check.
- Denise Majette, a retired
state judge, is challenging McKinney in the Democratic primary.
She has taken a strong pro-Israel stance and is now neck-and-neck
with the five-term incumbent.
- Several pro-Israel
groups have contributed
to Majette's campaign, and a number of individuals who have donated
to the campaign in recent months have Jewish-sounding surnames.
- Morris Amitay, a pro-Israel
activist and founder of Washington PAC, a pro-Israel group, said
there is "a lot of activity" by Jews on behalf of Majette.
- "There is mounting
interest in the race by pro-Israel observers," said Alan
Sechrest, a Democratic strategist.
- McKinney's campaign,
by contrast, shows a number of donations from individuals with
Arab- or Muslim-sounding surnames, including many from outside
McKinney's district. The campaign also has received contributions
from Muslim advocacy groups.
- The Council on American-Islamic
Relations has asked its members to support McKinney because she
supports a Palestinian state and is against U.S. aid to Israel.
- Some of the contributors
to McKinney's campaign have come under federal investigation
for suspected links to terrorist organizations.
- McKinney's campaign
coordinator told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution that
the individuals were "American citizens learning to use
their money like the very small population which sways a lot
of opinion with their money -- the Jewish community. That's the
- The McKinney race follows
a triumph for Jewish involvement in an Alabama congressional
race in June.
- Jews from around
the country opened their pocketbooks for attorney Artur Davis, who defeated Rep.
Earl Hilliard in the Democratic primary runoff for Alabama's
7th district last month.
- Activists considered
Hilliard anti-Israel because of his voting record in Congress.
The hundreds of thousands of dollars that Davis managed to raise
from the Jewish community underscored Jewish concern that pro-Israel
legislators get elected or stay in office when voters go to the
polls Nov. 5.
- Some Jewish officials
said they would not be surprised if Majette gets at least as
much support as Davis did.
- "McKinney is the
leading anti-Israel voice in Congress today," one Jewish
official said. "She is far more vulnerable than Hilliard
- With other congressional
races looming, Jewish voters are continuing to look beyond their
own backyards and past the usual foreign and domestic concerns
to focus on just how good on Israel a candidate can be.
- People are looking at
a number of races with an interest to getting involved, activists
- "There is a willingness
to get active," said Matt Brooks, executive director of
the Republican Jewish Coalition. "There is a tremendous
amount of political fund raising."
- Leaders of the RJC have
hosted individual fund raisers and raised over a quarter of a
million dollars for Norm Coleman, the Republican challenger to
Sen. Paul Wellstone (D-Minn.).
- While both candidates
are Jewish, Coleman's pro-Israel stance has gratified Jewish
leaders, who are troubled by the Arab American community's support
- In the end, the pro-Israel
majority in Congress is likely to be strengthened as a result of the 2002 races
and the departure of anti-Israel voices, such as Hilliard
and Rep. James Traficant (D-Ohio), from Capitol Hill.
- Other races garnering
attention include New Hampshire's senatorial race, where much
of the talk about the Republican primary between Rep. John Sununu
and incumbent Sen. Bob Smith has revolved around the candidates'
records on terrorism and Israel.
- Sununu has come under
fire for supporting U.S. aid to the Palestinian Authority, though
he also has voted for U.S. aid to Israel and has returned campaign
contributions from Arab leaders who backed Hamas.
- Smith has accused Sununu,
who is of Lebanese and Palestinian descent, of being soft
on terrorism and supporting radical, anti-Israel causes.
- Smith has signed on
to pro-Israel legislation and supports the Arafat Accountability
Act, which would freeze the PLO and Palestinian Authority assets
in the United States.
- But in many races, voters
find it hard to distinguish between the candidates' records on
- In South Dakota, for
example, the Senate race pits Democratic incumbent Tim Johnson
against Republican Rep. John Thune; the two are about even in
- Johnson has a "perfect
record on Israel-related issues," but Thune also is "good
on Israel," according to the pro-Israel Joint Action Committee.
- Analysts agree that
Jewish voters are looking harder at a candidate's record on Israel
because it's more salient with the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian
- But the issue is not
going to make or break most races, said Ira Forman, executive
director of the National Jewish Democratic Council, echoing the
view of others.
- David Fink, a Jewish
Democrat running for a congressional seat in Michigan's 9th District,
said both he and his opponent are pro-Israel.
- It will be domestic
issues of import to the Jewish community -- such as abortion
and school prayer -- that voters will look at when they decide,
- "There are very
few races where Israel is the deciding factor," Fink said.
"It will come down to domestic issues."
C'est parce que la démocratie
américaine est totalement pourrie qu'il est possible de
l'acheter ouvertement. McKinney, femme, noir et critique du fascisme
israélien a évidemment perdu les primaires et donc
la possibilité de se faire réélire. Grande
victoire du lobby sioniste qui la remplace par une autre femme,
noire, qui saura se mettre à plat ventre devant les demande
exorbitantes des groupes juifs qui pillent les ressources américaines
sans le moindre complexe.
Jewish Telegraphic Agency, NY, 13 août
JUDAISME ET LE CULTE DU BULLDOZER
The message of
- The Israeli Committee
Against House Demolitions (ICAHD) deplores this week's decision
by the Israeli High Court of Justice against permitting judicial
review for families of Palestinians who whose homes are targeted
for demolition because a family member has been involved in (or
even suspected of) terror attacks. True to the pattern of many
years, the Court has accepted the argument of the army that such
demolitions take place as integral parts of military operations.
Israel,s High Court thus permits the setting aside of fundamental
human rights in favor of military considerations (which are but
extensions of the government's political goals).
- -- What human rights are
violated by this decision ?
- -- The right of innocent
individuals not to be held legally accountable for the actions
of relatives. "Blood tie" cannot be the basis of demolition
someone's home. The notion that individuals may be punished for
crimes of others without any criminal charge being made against
them forfeits the elementary protection that the legal system
owes to every person.
- -- The right of every
person to due process and judicial review. Punishing individuals
not charged with any crime, or denying them recourse to the court
if they are faced with punitive actions, constitutes extra-judicial
punishment. When an entire family is punished for the suspected
deeds of one of its members, this is collective punishment. Both
violate the essence of both Israeli civil law and international
- -- The demolition of houses
or destruction of other private property of individuals residing
in occupied territories is explicitly forbidden by the Fourth
Geneva Convention (Article 53), as is collective punishment (Article
- This sad decision, which
immediately effects 49 Palestinian families whose homes may be
demolished at any time, represents the steady erosion of Israeli
democracy as it tries to cope with popular resistance to an illegal
Occupation. In its decision, the High Court itself subordinates
the rule of law, not to mention human rights, to the requirements
of military repression. In the simplest terms, it condones and
permits war crimes. Absolute rule over another people is possible
only by denying them fundamental legal protection. In the end,
this must destroy the very moral and legal basis underlying democracy
- For the past six years
ICAHD has been working on the issue of house demolitions. Every
time we think : "OK, we've exhausted the subject, let's
go on to other, perhaps more pressing issues," the systematic
destruction of Palestinian homes returns to the center of the
conflict with a vengeance. It happened in the Jenin refugee camp,
where the indomitable drivers of the massive D-9 Caterpillar
bulldozers labored for three straight days and nights demolishing
more than 300 homes in the densely packed camp, thereby becoming
the heroes of the invasion. And it is happening today as Israel
demolishes dozens of houses belonging to families of terrorists,
a form of collective punishment that is clearly a war crime.
- Why ? Why does house demolitions
remain at the center of the conflict ? Why has it been at the
center of the Israeli struggle against the Palestinians since
1948 ? There are many specific reasons given : security, deterrence,
punishment, self-defense, warfare, "illegal" construction,
enforcement of the law and on and on. But one element remains
throughout : The Message. Sharon, like his predecessors, never
tire of warning that Israeli attacks on the Palestinians will
continue "until they get The Message." What is The
Message ? As stated by Sharon and the others (going back some
80 years to the "Iron Wall" concept of Jabotinsky and
Ben Gurion), The Message is : "Submit. Only when you abandon
your dreams for an independent state of your own, and accept
that Palestine has become the Land of Israel, will we relent."
But The Message goes even deeper, is more sinister than that.
The Message of the Bulldozers is : "You do not belong here.
We uprooted you from your homes in 1948 and prevented your return,
and now we will uproot you from all of the Land of Israel".
"Transfer" has become an acceptable topic of television
talk shows. And that is why house demolitions remain so prominent,
the bulldozer beside the tank. Because in the end this process
of reoccupation is one of displacement.
- The bulldozer certainly
deserves to take its rightful place alongside the tank as a symbol
of Israel,s relationship with the Palestinians. The two deserve
to be on the national flag. The tank as symbol of an Israel "fighting
for its existence," and for its prowess on the battlefield.
And the bulldozer for the dark underside of Israel's struggle
for existence, its ongoing struggle to displace the Palestinians
from the country. For Israel has always treated the Palestinians
as an enemy, never as a people with collective rights and legitimate
claims to the country with which it might someday live in peace.
In 1948 Israel played an active role in driving 75% of the Palestinians
from the Land. Over the next four or five years the bulldozer,
following the tank, systematically demolished 418 Palestinian
villages. Since 1967, as Israel,s tanks suppress Palestinian
resistance to the Occupation with increasing frequency and ferocity,
its bulldozers (aided by artillery and missiles) have demolished
more than 9000 Palestinian homes and counting. Even as I write
this, a day after the Israeli High Court of Justice gave its
consent to demolishing houses of families of terrorists without
warning or a chance to appeal to the court, houses are being
bulldozed in Bethlehem and Gaza with dozens more threatened throughout
the Occupied Territories. And not only. Throughout Israel proper,
in the "unrecognized villages" and Palestinian neighborhoods
of Ramle, Lod and elsewhere, houses continue to be demolished
54 years later. Jews now live in Palestinian houses in Israel's
major cities and Palestinian villages have long disappeared under
the agricultural fields of kibbutzim and moshavs. Amidst this
destruction 150,000 housing units have been built for the 400,000
Jews living across the 1967 border.
- The bulldozer remains
at the center of the "action" for the simple reason
that repression and control alone do not secure the country for
those the Jews whose claim excludes all others. Those with competing
claims the Palestinians must be displaced if the Jews are really
going to take possession, or at least confined to small islands
where they cannot interfere with or challenge Israeli dominion.
(The announcement this week by the Ministry of the Interior that
Palestinian Israelis would be stripped of their citizenship if
proven "unloyal" to the State extends the work of bulldozers.)
- But just as Israel cannot
insulate itself from the Occupation, so too it cannot escape
the ravages of its own house demolitions policy. Fear that the
displaced might yet rise again and claim their patrimony prevents
Israelis from enjoying the fruits of their power. The country
has been seized by rising xenophobia and national-religious fanaticism.
Polarization characterizes the relations between the right and
left, Jewish and Arab citizens, Jews of European and Middle East
origin, the working and middle classes, religious and secular.
Israelis are "hunkering down," increasingly isolated
from the world. Young Israeli men and women are themselves brutalized
as they are sent as soldiers to evict Palestinian families from
their homes. Even the beauty of the land is destroyed as the
authorities rush to construct ugly, sprawling suburbs and massive
highways in order to "claim" the land before Palestinians
creep back in. Aesthetics, human rights, environmental concerns,
education, social justice these are the finer things of life
that cannot coexist with displacement and occupation. "Fortress
Israel," as we call it, is by necessity based on a culture
of strength, violence and crudity. In the final analysis, it
will be the bulldozer that razes the structure that once was
- Jeff Halper, an anthropologist,
is the Coordinator of the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions
- From : Jeff Halper <[email protected]>, 9 août 2002.
DÉMENTS QUI NOUS MENACENT
[Today's Ha'Aretz contains two frightening
articles about what the Israeli government may be planning in
the event of war between the U.S. and Iraq. In the first, conservative
military analyst Ze'ev Schiff, reviewing U.S. intelligence reports,
says that Israel will use nuclear weapons against Iraq
in retaliation for any large chemical or biological weapon attack
against Israel. In the second, former deputy mayor of Jerusalem
Meron Benvenisti suggests that all the recent Israeli talk about
weapons of mass destruction is meant to divert attention from
Sharon's true intention -- to have a pretext for "transferring"
the Palestinian population from the West Bank to Jordan. Most
Israelis already believe that Iraqis and Palestinians are working
together to target Israel; they most often cite the fact that
Iraq is making "condolence" payments of tens of thousands
of dollars to the families of suicide bombers. In Benvenisti's
"worst-case" scenario, if war breaks out between the
U.S. and Iraq, and if Israel and Britain continue to be the U.S.'
only allies in the endeavor, Jordanians will overthrow their government,
which has long been seen as being too cozy with the U.S. and Israel.
The resulting chaos, when added to the fear of "Iraqi collaborators"
in the West Bank, will give Israel a window of opportunity to
ethnically cleanse Palestinians out of the territories. Benvenisti
says the scenario may sound far-fetched, but notes that a large
segment Israeli public already would fully support it. Benvenisti
says now is the time to speak out.--AG ]
Warnings of FantastiC Scenarios
- By Meron Benvenisti
- Day after day and seemingly
deliberately, someone else fans the flames of hysteria about
the possibility that an American campaign against Iraq will bring
a nuclear-biological-chemical (NBC) attack on Israel. After the
flaws in the old protective kits were revealed and raised the
sense of danger from toxic gases, there followed anxieties about
terrible epidemics of anthrax and smallpox and fears of nuclear
radiation. Those fanning the anxiety are doing it in a sophisticated,
indirect way, through comments and leaks about "being prepared
for the threats." These are ostensibly meant to relieve
public fears and prove that the authorities are ready for action
in even the worst cases of "existential danger."
- After the statements
about the need for mass vaccinations and issuing pills against
radiation sickness, the public should be catatonic by now.
But there seems to be no panic, and there is a distinct lukewarm
response to calls to bring protective kits to be refurbished.
The decision makers seem more anxious than the public -- maybe
they are afraid of future complaints about "failures,"
or maybe there are interests at work beyond the narrow matter
of being ready for any threats. Public hysteria will no
doubt peak when the authorities announce a "voluntary inoculation
campaign," placing responsibility in the hands of the citizens,
and taking it out of the hands of the authorities, who will then
be able to say they only provided what the public wanted. But
fanning anxiety with reports of "Home Front readiness"
are not only about "defensive" measures. They are also
about declarations by the Sharon government that "this time
(as opposed to the Gulf War of 1991) Israel will certainly respond
to any Iraqi attack." The worse the hysterical fear of an
NBC attack -- little children crying as nurses administer vaccinations
on their arms -- the more the pressure will rise to "stick
it" to Saddam Hussein, whether it is necessary or not.
- According to government
statements, Israel might end up as the only American ally in
the war - aside perhaps from Britain. The warnings about the
destructive ramifications of an attack on Iraq for the entire
Middle East are not deterring Israel -- they are encouraging
it. Under the cover of George Bush getting even for his father,
Ariel Sharon will be able to settle his own old accounts, going
back to the days of Beirut. Maj. Gen. Yitzhak Eitan hinted at
the strong connection between a war in Iraq and the war against
the Palestinians when he said "an American attack on Iraq
will also hurt the Palestinian Authority." It makes one
wonder if the IDF has operational plans directly linking a reaction
to an Iraqi attack with the war in the territories.
- Since the Israeli government
is coming up with "worst case scenarios" on NBC attacks,
here's another one -- an American assault on Iraq against Arab
and world opposition, and an Israeli involvement, even if only
symbolic, leads to the collapse of the Hashemite regime in Jordan.
Israel then executes the old "Jordanian option" --
expelling hundreds of thousands of Palestinians across the
Jordan River. There has never been a better opportunity for
that option. The ideology, moral dissolution, and motives of
hatred and revenge that already allow collective punishment,
curfews, closures, assassinations, house demolitions, expulsions,
annulment of Israeli citizenship, and denials of legal defense,
have all created a reality in which mass expulsion, wholesale
house demolition, and destruction of vegetation are not considered
reprehensible steps toward a criminal ethnic cleansing. A state
of war -- "the threat of nuclear radiation and smallpox"
-- could justify such "an appropriate" response.
- Just as the authorities
are getting ready for an NBC attack, worried Israelis should
get ready for the possibility of a mass "transfer"
of Palestinians in case of war in Iraq. Anyone who regards such
ethnic cleansing as a horrible crime must raise their voice now,
without any of the "ifs, ands or buts" so typical of
the response to the punishment already being meted out in ever
more strict steps. > Warnings about ethnic cleansing should
not only come from committed leftists, but from people whose
patriotism cannot be questioned. And let nobody say it would
be unnecessary protest because nobody is plotting "transfer."
Immunizations against smallpox, and pills against atomic radiation
are based on an even more fantastic scenario. And last but not
least, a word to the Americans. They should also be warned
that an assault on Iraq could unleash ethnic cleansing of the
Palestinians. Nobody should be allowed to say they weren't
- Thursday, August 15,
By Meron Benvenisti
- "If Attacked,
Israel Might Nuke Iraq"
- By Ze'ev Schiff
- If Iraq strikes at Israel
with non-conventional weapons, causing massive casualties among
the civilian population, Israel could respond with a nuclear
retaliation that would eradicate Iraq as a country. This grave
assessment, from American intelligence, was presented last week
to the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
- During the 1991 Gulf War,
then U.S. defense secretary Richard Cheney, now vice-president,
told CNN that Israel could respond with nuclear weapons to an
Iraqi strike that included the use of chemical weapons. This
assessment has only been strengthened since then, because according
to all the signs, Iraq now has biological weapons that could
cause mass casualties. According to one assessment, military-grade
biological weapons can be almost as lethal as a nuclear bomb.
The U.S. intelligence assessments include an analysis of possible
Israeli responses. The lowest probability is that Israel would
respond initially with a conventional military retaliation if
it is slightly harmed, and would add a warning that a non-conventional
response was possible if the Iraqi attacks on the Israeli civilian
- The possibility of Israel
using nuclear weapons against Iraq appears in a document submitted
by military expert Dr. Anthony Cordesman, a fellow at the Center
for Strategic and International Studies, to the Senate Foreign
Relations Committee. Presumably, the document is based, in part,
on official administration assessments. In the worst case scenario,
writes Cordesman, Israel could face an existential threat to
important urban areas such as Tel Aviv or Haifa. Under such conditions,
it would threaten nuclear retaliation against Iraqi cities and
military forces to cease the [Iraqi] attack. If the Iraqi attack
were to continue, and there was a lethal biological strike on
an Israeli city, Israel would certainly respond with nuclear
strikes against Iraqi cities that were not yet in the hands of
American forces, Cordesman says. Such an Israeli reaction could
destroy Iraq as a state.
- Based on this assessment
and the possibility of an Israeli retaliation in the event of
an Iraqi strike, it is presumed that the United States will,
at the earliest stages, make a special effort to neutralize any
possible use of Scud and El Hussein rockets that Iraq positions
in its western regions, as it did in the Gulf War, for a more
convenient launching site for attacks against Israel. During
discussions in Washington, Israeli representatives asked the
United States to take action against the missiles in western
- The Americans know that
Iraq is not depending only on long-range missiles in its plans
for using chemical or biological weapons against its enemies,
including Israel. As part of its preparations, Iraq has also
been working on developing pilotless planes. Unlike the usual
development of drones used primarily for intelligence gathering
purposes, the Iraqis are working on snormal-sized planes loaded
with chemical or biological weapons and intended to be flown
by remote control. They are working on an Eastern European training
plane and on a version of the MiG-21. Both planes have been tested.
- Textes du Haaretz
sélectionnés et communiqués par A Jewish
Voice for Peace site at
said equipped to carry nuclear weapons
- By Amnon Barzilai
- Israel's fleet of F-16s,
the backbone of the air force, are the most likely candidates
to carry Israeli nuclear weapons says Nuclear Notebook, the newsletter
published by the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, in its upcoming
September-October issue. "It is generally accepted by friend
and foe alike that Israel has been a nuclear state for several
decades," says the three-page newsletter devoted to Israeli
nuclear forces. It also notes that Israel's "declaratory
policy" states "Israel will not be the first country
to introduce nuclear weapons in the Middle East." In 2001,
says the report, the Pentagon omitted Israel from a published
assessment on nuclear proliferation, but a 1991 U.S. Strategic
Air Command report "lists Israel, India, and Pakistan as
'de facto' nuclear weapon states."
- That 11-year-old report
said at the time that Israel had between 75 and 200 weapons,
including bombs, missile-mounted warheads and apparently also
some tactical, non-strategic nuclear weapons. Nuclear Notebook
is written by Robert Norris, William Arkin, Hans Kristensen,
and Joshua Handler. The newsletter says a small group of pilots
have been trained for nuclear strikes, which would be launched
from one or two bases, or possibly dispersed across several.
It cites Tel Nof as one base equipped to load planes with nuclear
weapons, and says the most likely squadrons to carry such weapons
into action are the 111, 115, 116 at the Nevatim Air Force base
southeast of Be'er Sheva, and squadrons 140 and 253 at the Ramon
base on the Negev plateau.
- Other squadrons named
in the report as possible nuclear strike forces are the 109,
110, and 117 at Ramat David, and the 101, 105, and 144 at Hazor.
According to the newsletter, the IDF received a 25-plane squadron
of F-15 Ra'am's (Thunder) in 1998, with ranges of some 4,450
kilometers, and capable of carrying 4.5 tons of fuel and 11 tons
of munitions. F-15 Eagles are earmarked by the U.S. for nuclear
missions. The newsletter says it is not known if Israel has modified
the F-15s it received for nuclear capability. According to Nuclear
Notebook, Israel has ground missile capabilities for nuclear
warheads. The Jericho, developed with France, can carry up to
750 kilograms over a 235-500 km range, with a one-kilometer degree
of accuracy. The Jerichos are meant to be mission ready within
two hours, and can be launched from either stationary positions
or from mobile launchers. They can be fired at the rate of four-eight
- In a series of tests in
the 1980s, Jericho II missiles achieved ranges of 1,450 km, says
the newsletter, and by 1997, it goes, there were 50 Jerichos
at the Zechariya missile base, about 45 km southeast of Tel Aviv
in the Judean mountains, where, according to satellite image
analysis, the Jerichos are stored in caves. The newsletter notes
that the Ofek 5 spy satellite, weighing 300 kg, was launched
with a Shavit, and it gives the Shavit a range of up to 7,000
km, depending on the weight of its payload. As for Israel's naval
forces, the newsletter says three Israeli Dolphin-class submarines,
the Dolphin, Tekumah, and Leviathan, are all equipped with cruise
- August 19, 2002
PEUR DU GENDARME
The concerned pilots
- The following appeared
in Ben Kaspit's column of political commentary in the weekend
supplement of Ma'ariv. Our comment appears between square
- (...) What truly infuriated
Prime Minister Sharon this week was the news of graffiti reading
"War Criminal" sprayed on the private cars of Air Force
pilots, and the threats of the members of Gush Shalom to collect
incriminating evidence against soldiers and officers involved
in IDF operations in the Territories, and pass it on to international
tribunals. On Tuesday [Aug.13], Sharon visited the Tel-Nof Air
Force base and was surprised at how frustrated and apprehensive
the senior officers are about this issue. First to raise it was
the Air Force's Chief Psychologist who told of being approached
by many pilots. She said the pilot were concerned, some of them
"very concerned". Then the Air Force commander, General
Dan Halutz, spoke out about a widespread "feeling of insult,
concern and apprehension" among his officers. According
to one of the participants, the pilots who spoke to Sharon were
especially concerned at the possiblity that some years hence,
after retiring from active service and going on a family holiday
to, say, Green Ireland, they would find policemen waiting at
the airport with war crimes warrants. The presence of Sharon,
who had already undergone a set of judicial proceedings in Belgium
(and seems about to be confronted with new ones soon) made the
pilots' apprensions all the more sharp.
- At the cabinet meeting
on the following day [Wed., Aug 14], Sharon seemed shaken when
he recounted this experience to the ministers. "It is inconceivable"
he murmured. "These people want to hand our soldiers over
to the enemy" [sic - Sharon concept of "the enemy"
clearly seems to include European police forces and international
courts]. Defence Minister Ben Eliezer vehemently concurred with
the Prime Minister. He also gets similar feedback from army officers,
and he too is furious. This is the first time in the past weeks
that the PM and his Defence Minister have found common ground
on any specific issue. In both of their bureaus, withering criticism
is heard about the Attorney General and his staff, who are described
as "dragging their feet" in pressing charges against
- Sat, 17 Aug 2002 "Gush
Shalom (Israeli Peace Bloc)" <[email protected]>
New York. American Jewish leaders are
being asked to follow a public relations strategy devised by Washington
political consultants behind a million- dollar-plus public relations
campaign to build American public support for Israel.
- Afghanistan is
on the brink of another disaster
- by Robert Fisk
- The Americans
now leave the beatings to Afghan allies, but the CIA are there during the beatings
- The garden was overgrown,
the roses scrawny after a day of Kandahar heat, the dust in our
eyes, noses, mouth, fingernails. But the message was straightforward.
"This is a secret war," the Special Forces man told
me. "And this is a dirty war. You don't know what is happening."
And of course, we are not supposed to know. In a "war against
terror", journalists are supposed to keep silent and rely
on the good guys to sort out the bad guys without worrying too
much about human rights.
- How many human rights
did the mass killers of 11 September allow their victims? You
are either with us or against us. Whose side are you on? But
the man in the garden was worried. He was not an American. He
was one of the "coalition allies", as the Americans
like to call the patsies who have trotted after them into the
Afghan midden. "The Americans don't know what to do here
now," he went on. "Their morale in Afghanistan is going
downhill -- though there's no problem with the generals running
things in Tampa. They're still gung-ho. But here the soldiers
know things haven't gone right, that things aren't working. Even
their interrogations went wrong". Brutally so, it seems.
- In the early weeks of
this year, the Americans raided two Afghan villages, killed 10
policemen belonging to the US-supported government of Hamid Karzai
and started mistreating the survivors. American reporters --
in a rare show of mouse-like courage amid the self-censorship
of their usual reporting -- quoted the prisoners as saying they
had been beaten by US troops. According to Western officials
in Kandahar, the US troops "gave the prisoners a thrashing".
- Things have since changed.
The American forces in Afghanistan, it seems, now leave the beatings
to their Afghan allies, especially members of the so-called Afghan
Special Forces, a Washington-supported group of thugs who are
based in the former Khad secret police torture centre in Kabul.
"It's the Afghan Special Forces who beat the Pashtun prisoners
for information now -- not the Americans," the Western military
man told me. "But the CIA are there during the beatings,
so the Americans are culpable, they let it happen."
- This is just how the Americans
began in Vietnam. They went in squeaky clean with advisers, there
were some incidents of "termination with extreme prejudice",
after which it was the Vietnamese intelligence boys who did the
torture. The same with the Russians. When their soldiers poured
across the border in 1979, they quickly left it to their Afghan
allies in the Parcham and Khad secret police to carry out the
"serious" interrogations. And if this is what the Americans
are now up to in Afghanistan, what is happening to their prisoners
at Guantanamo? Or, for that matter, at Bagram, the airbase north
of Kabul to which all prisoners in Kandahar are now sent for
investigation if local interrogators believe their captives have
more to say.
- Of course, it's possible
to take a step back from this dark and sinister corner of America's
Afghan adventure. In the aftermath of the Taliban's defeat humanitarian
workers have achieved some little miracles. Unicef reports 486
female teachers at work in the five south-western provinces of
the country with 16,674 girls now at school. Only in Uruzgan,
where the Taliban were strongest, has not a single female teacher
been employed. UN officials can boast that in these same, poverty-belt
provinces, polio has now been almost eradicated.
- The UN was fighting polio
before the Taliban collapsed, and the drugs whose production
the Taliban banned are now back on the market. The poppy fields
are growing in Helmand province again, and in Uruzgan local warlords
are trying to avoid government control in order to cultivate
their own new poppy production centres. In Kabul, where two government
ministers have been murdered in seven months, President Karzai
is now protected - at his own request - by American bodyguards.
And you don't have to be a political analyst to know what kind
of message this sends to Afghans.
- Kabul is alive with the
kind of rumours that can never be substantiated but that stick
in the mind, just as the dust of Kandahar stays in the throat
and on the lips of all who go there. "The British forces
were right to leave," a British humanitarian worker announced
over dinner in Kabul one night. "They realised that the
Americans had no real interest in returning this country to law
and order. They knew that the Americans were going to fail. So
they got out as soon as they could. The Americans say they want
peace and stability. So why don't they let Isaf (the international
force in Kabul) move into the other big cities of Afghanistan?
Why do they let their friendly warlords persecute the rest of
- Far more disturbing are
persistent reports from northern Afghanistan of the massacre
of thousands of Pashtuns after the slaughter at General Dostum's
Qal-i-Jangi fort last November These mass murders, according
to a humanitarian worker I have known for two decades - he played
a brave role in preventing killings in Lebanon in 1982 - went
on into December with the full knowledge of the Americans. But
the US did nothing about it, any more than they did about the
600 Pakistani prisoners at Shirbagan, some of whom are still
dying of starvation and ill-treatment at the hands of their Northern
- "There are mass graves
all across the north, and the Americans, who know about this,
have said nothing," my old friend said. "The British
intelligence people knew this, too. And the British have said
- There are those in Kabul
who suspect that the Americans are now in Afghanistan for secondary
reasons: to operate in and out of Pakistan, rather than in Afghanistan
itself. "They've had plenty of muck-ups in Afghanistan and
they could not base thousands of their soldiers in Pakistan,"
a Western officer in Kabul said. "They're safer here, and
now they can go in and out of Pakistan and keep the pressure
on Musharraf from here -- and on the Iranians too."
- Last week, The Independent
revealed that FBI officers have been seizing Arabs from their
homes in Pakistan and bringing them across the border to Afghanistan
for interrogation at Bagram.
- It was the Special Forces
man in the south who saw things a little more globally. "Perhaps
the Americans can start withdrawing if there's another war --
if they go to war in Iraq. But the US can't handle two wars at
the same time. They would be overstretched." So to end America's
"war against terror" in Afghanistan - a war that has
left the drug-dealers of the Northern Alliance in disproportionate
control of the Afghan government, many al-Qa'ida men on the loose
and absolutely no peace in the country -- we have to have another
war in Iraq.
- As if the Israeli-Palestine
conflict is not enough. But when Donald Rumsfeld, the US Secretary
of State, can identify only a "so-called" Israeli-occupied
territory on the West Bank -- the occupation troops there presumably
being mistaken by the Pentagon as Swiss or Burmese soldiers -
there's not much point in taking a reality check in Washington.
- The truth is that Afghanistan
is on the brink of another disaster. Pakistan is now slipping
into the very anarchy of which its opposition warned. And the
Palestinian-Israeli war is now out of control. So we really need
a war in Iraq, don't we?
- The Independent, 14 août 2002
Tulkarem: A Week
of Extreme Violence
- By Rebecca Murray
- August 14, 2002 -- I
have just spent the past week in Tulkarem. Tulkarem straddles
the line of the West Bank and Israel, where you can see the lights
of Netanya and the sea in the distance. But the city is completely
isolated, and this imprisonment heavily enforced by the surrounding
- This is a city where
extreme violence carried out by the Israeli military on all Palestinian
citizens is hushed up. Journalists are strictly forbidden from
this 'military zone'.
- Apaches this past week
have been flying low over the city day and night, firing into
Tulkarem camp and city with routine frequency. Tanks have occupied
the center and outskirts of the city, also firing often. And
the soldiers in jeeps, many of them Druze, drive around constantly,
shouting that if they see anyone on the street they will shoot.
- The military is very
busy arresting and shooting at civilians, on many occasions children
as young as seven years old. Journalists have been threatened
with arrest unless they get out of town immediately, their film
confiscated on site. This week Ha'aretz reporter Gideon
Levy's car was fired upon with no provacation (a bullet straight
in the center of the windshield), the only thing saving his life
being the bullet proof glass.
- Cold blooded executions
- On Tuesday, August 7th,
the military executed one of the men on their "wanted list",
Ziad D'ayas, 28 years old, in cold blood. They also murdered
two Palestinian civilians in the vicinity, afterwards claiming
they too were "wanted". This official military statement
is an absolute untruth.
- One, Mahair Jesmawi,
17 years old, was a student who had just learnt moments before
he had just passed his end of the year school examinations. Elated,
he stepped out briefly onto the street and was killed. The other
was Mohammed Saidz, 24 years old, a mechanic working in his shop
who ha! d the bad luck to be happened upon by soldiers going
after Ziad. He was shot and died a slow death after ambulances
were prevented from retrieving him.
- This military action
was conducted in a particulary gruesome way. According to eyewitnesses
in neighbouring buildings, it started around 9 am that morning.
Snipers, and soldiers, many in plain clothers surrounded the
area of the mechanic's roof where Ziad was sleeping. They proceeded
to aim and shoot, hitting Ziad in his leg and neck. Ziad fell
off the roof into the shop, breaking his limbs but still alive.
They then proceeded to bash him all over his body with their
guns, before firing 9 dum dum bullets directly into his head,
killing him instantly. Their dogs were set on the body, and acid
was poured on his arms, legs, and stomach.
- Ambulances were prevented
from moving for five hours that morning. One tried to retrieve
the three bodies that the military held in a small field outside
the mechanic's house, but t! he ambulance was fired upon and
had to turn back. Finally, a civilian car rushed the bodies to
the government hospital as soon as the soldiers left the the
- I viewed the bodies
as they came in. Ziad's body was grotesquely tortured, limbs
broken, and his skin peeled off in huge sections from the acid.
His head was half blown off. Mahair, the 17 year old student,
was shot in the head. And Mohammed, the mechanic, had a bullet
in his torso.
- Meanwhile, the houses
in the area of the murders were emptied of families, as the soldiers
went through each one, damaging furniture, stealing money on
two occasions. A group of roughly thirty men were arrested and
taken to Israel, including two wounded by live ammunition.
- The hospital and
ambulances under siege
- The ambulance dispatch
center is next to Tulkarem's government hospital. On three occasions
this past week both the hospital and ambulance entrance have
been blocked by tanks and jeeps. Apparently ! this is quite normal.
- On these occasions,
soldiers scream at the hospital gate keepers to close the gates.
Once, to punctuate their point, the soldiers fired live ammunition
through the gaps in the gate, towards the emergency room entrance,
hitting a car in the process. Thankfully, the car had no occupants
at the time.
- On these three occasions
the Red Cross has been informed by the military that the ambulances
cannot move at all. Shooting at moving ambulances is unfortunately
not uncommon in Tulkarem.
- A decimated ambulance
- Three days ago, the
ambulance center wanted to deliver an ambulance that had been
decimated by tank fire on March 7th, to the main ambulance center
- The attack on this particular
ambulance resulted in the death of the driver, Ibrahim. The vehicle
was shot upon without warning by a tank as Ibrahim was heading
back to the hospital after delivering a patient. He was killed
by numerous bullets to the head. His passenger, a medic called
Sophia, was pushed down onto the floor of the ambulance by Ibrahim
moments before he was killed, so luckily escaped with only shrapnel
all over her body.
- The ambulance center
had to negotiate with the soldiers at Tulkerem's checkpoint to
transport this badly damaged ambulance through. When a soldier
saw the 30 odd bullet holes in the windshield and body of the
vehicle, as well as Ibrahim's blood and hair smeared on the inside
of the driver's door, he asked me what happened. When the story
was told, the soldier's response was, "they must have been
fired upon by their own people". "No, it was definitly
an Israeli tank," I said. [caught on film, eyewitness accounts,
as well as the medic's account] "Well... then they must
have been terrorists," the soldier adamantly replied.
- Summer camp for kids
continues under fire
- The summer camp for
children is popular, but often caught up in the violence. The
kids have been in the downtown cam! p on numerous occasions when
the tanks come in to the downtown area and start firing.
- The kids who attend
(roughly 7 - 10 years old) are from both the city and the camp.
Every morning the kids, escourted by the teachers run single
file along the sides of buildings to reach the summer camp. The
same routine happens upon their return home.
- Running to the homes
of the kids one afternoon we came across a tank and had to duck
into a nearby house. The kids were terrified, one 8 year old
girl sobbing with fear uncontrollaby. The tank opened fire outside
the house as we cowered on the floor.
- Thankfully, there was
a small kitten lounging on the floor. We used it to divert the
kids' attention from the blasts outside, playfully pulling the
kitten's tail and saying "look,look." They focused
on the kitten and the small girl stopped crying. We left when
when the street fell silent again, and ran to their houses.
- 17 08 samizdat
PETIT BOUT DE LA LORGNETTE
- Iraq chose
Saddam for good reason. The West needs a history lesson
- by Phillip Knightley
- Before Tony Blair joins
the new crusaders trying to impose a "regime change",
a Western "settlement" on Iraq, he should at least
look at the historical facts that explain the rise of nationalist
leaders such as Saddam Hussein. And while he is at it, since
he is good at empathy, he might try looking at Britain through
Iraqi eyes. Seen from Baghdad, the British have bombed and invaded
their Country, lied to them, manipulated their borders, imposed
on them leaders they did not want, kidnapped ones they did, fixed
their elections, used collective terror tactics on their civilians,
promised them freedom and then planned to turn their Country
into a province of India populated by immigrant Punjabi farmers.
Small wonder that the author Said Aburrish said to me recently:
"If you think Saddam Hussein is a hard man to deal with,
just wait for the next generation of Iraqi leaders."
- In view of Saddam's
ruthlessness in dealing with the Kurds in Iraq, his war with
Iran and his Invasion of Kuwait, it is hard to conceive that
there are younger Iraqi leaders who believe Saddam has not been
tough enough, and that, although the United States has the most
powerful armed forces in the world, Americans do not have the
stomach for the sacrifices an all-out war in the Middle East
- These young Iraqis take
the Islamic long view of history, which suggests that the Middle
East never favours the foreigner and always takes its revenge
on those who, like the British and Americans, insist on seeing
the region through their own eyes.
- We need to go back to
the First World War, when Lawrence of Arabia and Winston Churchill
were imposing the first regime changes on the Middle East, to
see how we have reached the situation we face today. In 1919,
the recently concluded war had made everyone realise the strategic
importance of oil, and in any future major skirmish a secure
supply of oil would be an essential weapon. Britain already had
one source: British Petroleum, owned in part by the British Government,
had been pumping oil at Masjid-i-Salam, in Iran's Zagros Mountains,
since 1908. But it was not enough.
- So even before the peace
conference began in Paris in 1919 some underhand oil trading
took place. France, for example, gave Britain the oil-rich area
around Mosul in Iraq, in exchange for a share of the oil and
"a free hand" in Syria. Unfortunately, Britain had
already promised Syria to the Syrians. It was obvious to the
smarter Arab Leaders that guarantees of freedom and independence
made during the War by Britain and France in return for their
support against Germany's ally, Turkey, would now mean nothing.
- This was confirmed at
the Peace Conference when the Oil Companies pressed their governments
to renounce all wartime promises to the Arabs. The Oil Companies
saw only too well that oil concessions and royalties would be
easier to negotiate with a series of rival Arab States, lacking
any sense of unity, than with a powerful independent Arab State
in the Middle East. Ironically -- in that President George W
Bush now leads the new crusaders -- the only country to protest
at the betrayal of the Arabs was the United States.
- A commission set up
by President Wilson warned that independence for states such
as Palestine, Syria and Iraq, should be granted as soon as possible.
And the idea of making Palestine into a Jewish Commonwealth should
be dropped. The report was ignored, even in Washington, and it
took a further two years for the Allies to finalise their carve-up
of the Middle East. The Arabs were stunned to learn that the
whole Arab Rectangle lying between the Mediterranean and the
Persian frontier, including Palestine, was to be placed under
mandates to suit the foreign policies of Britain and France.
The Arabs had simply exchanged one imperial ruler, Turkey, for
another, the West.
- Revolution began almost
immediately. The Iraqis tried to kick us out by raiding British
Establishments and killing British Troops. The British Army retaliated
with collective punishment, burning to the ground every village
from which any such attack was mounted. Lawrence of Arabia wrote
to The Times suggesting, with heavy irony, that burning villages
was not very efficient. "By gas attacks, the whole population
of offending districts could be wiped out neatly, and as method
of government, it would be no more immoral than the present system."
- The grim truth was that
something along these lines was being considered. Churchill,
then Secretary of State for Air and War, suggested that the RAF
should take on the job of subduing Iraq: "It would ... entail
the provision of some kind of asphyxiating bombs calculated to
cause disablement of some kind but not death ... for use in preliminary
operations against turbulent tribes." In the end the RAF
stuck to conventional high-explosive bombs, a method we are still
- When Churchill appointed
Lawrence to clear up the mess the Middle East had become, Lawrence
began by offering to make Feisal, the man he had chosen as Military
Leader of the Arab Revolt, King of Iraq. The problem was that
there were several other candidates.
- The most popular was
an early version of Saddam Hussein, the nationalist leader Sayid
Taleb, who had gained popular support by threatening a nationwide
revolt if the Iraqis were not allowed to choose their own leader.
Our solution was simple. We kidnapped him, and dispatched him
- By the time Taleb was
allowed to return, Feisal had been elected King by one of those
suspiciously high majorities -- 96.8 per cent. The regime changes
continued. In [Trans] Jordan, we made Feisal's brother Abdullah
King, and provided him with money and troops in return for his
promise to suppress anti-Zionist Activity. Their father, Hussein,
the Sharif of Mecca, the man who had started the Arab Revolt
against Turkey, was offered £100,000 a year not to make
a nuisance of himself. And that was that. Britain regarded this
as redemption in full of her promises to the Arabs. The Arabs,
particularly the Iraqis, did not see it that way. They have been
in revolt ever since.
- Saddam Hussein came
to power in 1979 on a platform of Arab unity and resistance to
Western Influence in the Middle East. He continues to have a
following in the Arab World because he is seen as one of the
few Arab Leaders prepared to stand up to the West, particularly
the United States, whose interest in the area is comparatively
recent. (The British Arabist, St John Philby, father of the notorious
KGB Spy Kim Philby, negotiated a deal between the Standard Oil
Company of California and the Saudis, and commercial production
began in March 1938.)
- Whether we accept that
Saddam Hussein poses a threat or not, and whether this threat
is so great that we can justify attacking Iraq again, we should
first ask the crunch question: if the new crusaders defeat and
occupy Iraq, what then? A United Nations Mandate, something like
that imposed on the Country after the First World War, allowing
the victorious army to remain in control of the conquered land?
Or perhaps a new "Feisal" inserted as a token ruler
of a reluctant population? Either course spells disaster. The
cynical disposition of other people's countries and their leaders
-- no matter how frightful they may appear to us -- will surely
bring a bloody reckoning.
- That great Arabist Gertrude
Bell once warned that the catchwords of revolution -- equality
and fraternity -- would always have great appeal in the Middle
East because they challenged a world order in which Europeans
were supreme, or in which those Europeans and their client Arab
Leaders treated ordinary Arabs as inferior beings.
- And so a new cycle of
anger, frustration and bloodshed will begin because 800 years
after the Crusades there will still be foreigners occupying Arab
- The Independent, 4 août 2002.
D'EAU DANS LE GAS
100,000 Men and Boys, Machine-Gunned
- Memo To: Senator Kay
- From: Jude Wanniski
- Re: Holy Cow!!!That's
- Did you happen to read the letter in the
<http://www.nytimes.com/2002/08/13/opinion/L13IRAQ.html> NYTimes Tuesday about
how Saddam Hussein in 1988 had "100,000 Kurdish men and
boys rounded up, trucked to remote areas and machine-gunned to
death, their bodies bulldozed into mass graves."? The reason
I ask you of all people, Senator, is that I read in the <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A6355-2002Aug11.html> Washington Post that
you are eager to pre-emptively strike Iraq to deal with this
monster, as soon as you have collected enough of a case against
him. I had wondered if you put the Times letter from
Human Rights Watch into your Evidence Envelope, as it certainly
would persuade me we should kill as many Iraqis as it would take,
with bombs and bullets, to rid the Middle East of his ugly presence.
You know from my previous contacts with you and your capable
staff that I consider you to be among the very best U.S. Senators,
in the top ten if not the top five. So if these 100,000 machine-gunned
men and boys are weighing on your decision, I think you can relax
on that account.
- The story is pure
bunk. I've looked
into it and can tell you it never happened. The story actually
began as a rumor picked up by two staff members of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee who were in Kurdistan at the time
the Iran/Iraq war ended in August 1988. They reported hearing
that 100,000 Iraqi Kurds were gassed to death by Saddam's
army in a matter of days, soon after he concluded his peace with
Iran. The story was dopey to begin with as most of the
Iraqi Kurds of fighting age had fought side-by-side with the
Iraqi army. There were a small number of Iraqi rebels among the
Kurds, who defected to the Iranians expecting Iran would win
the war. Of the 2 million male Kurds in Iraq, more than half
were too young or too old to be rounded up and machine-gunned,
so we are talking about Saddam bumping off more than 10% of the
relevant population in a matter of days. The rumor would not
have gone very far, Senator, but Secretary of State George Shultz
held a <http://www.polyconomics.com/searchbase/11-18-98.html> press conference
and told the world that Saddam had gassed 100,000 men
and boys of fighting age. When asked how he knew, he said it
was a secret! Our State Department essentially confirmed
the stupid rumor without an investigation.
- In the years since,
Human Rights Watch has conceded all those fellas could not have
been killed by gas, which the Army War College tells me has a
kill rate of only 2% unless your head is in the oven. Having
raised so much money, the Human Rights Watch folks had to come
up with another theory, which is how they now happen to have
been rounded up, machine-gunned to death, and bulldozed into
mass graves. Fourteen years ago. The folks at the Army War College
(who you should talk to, by the way) tell me only one "mass
grave" was found, with 14 corpses, and there has been
no other sign of the rest of the 100,000 bullet-riddled bodies.
The reason Human Rights Watch say they were "trucked to
remote areas" before being bulldozed into mass graves, one
might suppose, is that modern technology can spot such doings
by satellite, and no such disturbances of the land have been
- They really must
be remote because American newshounds sniffing around right after
all this blood was supposed to have been spilled did not smell
- <http://www.polyconomics.com/searchbase/03-29-99.html> Milton Viorst of the Washington
Post, who knows Kurdistan as well as any American journalist,
rushed to the spot as soon as George Shultz loosed that bolt
from the blue, and reported to his readers:
- From what I saw, I would
conclude that if lethal gas was used, it was not used genocidally
-- that is, for mass killing. The Kurds compose a fifth of the
Iraqi population, and they are a tightly knit community. If there
had been large-scale killing, it is likely they would know and
tell the world.
- But neither I nor any
Westerner I encountered heard such allegations. Nor did Kurdish
society show discernible signs of tension. The northern cities,
where the men wear Kurdish turbans and baggy pants, were as bustling
as I had ever seen them. I talked to armed Kurds near the border,
members of Iraqi military unites mobilized against the rebels.
- On the other hand, Iraq
probably used gas of some kind in air attacks on rebel positions.
Journalists visiting the Turkish camps saw refugees with blistered
skin and irritated eyes, symptoms of gassing. But doctors sent
by France, the United Nations and the Red Cross have said these
symptoms could have been produced by a powerful, but nonlethal
- Citing national security,
Mr. Shultz has declined to submit the U.S. data to scrutiny,
even by America's NATO allies, though State Department sources
say it is the sort of information that the United States routinely
shares with them. American officials acknowledge that Mr. Shultz's
evidence, chiefly radio intercepts, may be subject to conflicting
- Do you see what I mean,
Senator Hutchison? Doesn't it look pretty fishy? Especially when
we were backing Iraq in its war with Iran? We should have been
celebrating Iraq's victory -- as the Iraqi Kurds in their baggy
pants seem to be doing when Milton Viorst went among them looking
for angst. Do you know some people suspect that Israel had something
to do with Shultz coming up with his blast against Baghdad? Remember
Israel had backed Iran in the eight-year war, one of its major
arms suppliers. It was certainly surprised that Iraq won. Maybe
it decided it had better do something about it. You might call
it "pre-emptive propaganda."
- Jude Wanniski's SupplySideInvestor,
14 août 2002.
- a troubling story from
B'Tselem: A fieldworker of 10 months in this prestigious human
rights organization was arrested by the Palestinian Authority
and charged with collaboration with the Israeli Shin Bet (secret
services). After prodigious efforts, B'Tselem managed to meet
privately with him in jail, where he admitted the charges. B'Tselem
issued a statement saying that if the charges are true, the use
of human rights activists by the Shin Bet "is very grave
and could endanger both the work of B'Tselem and the lives of
its investigators". It also demanded that he be given a
full and fair trial by the Palestinian Authority.
- One wonders: Did the
Israeli Shin Bet deliberately seek to harm B'Tselem's good name
by recruiting one of its workers? Did the man really collaborate?
Or was he persuaded to "confess" as part of a plea
bargain, lacking hope that he would get a fair trial?
- De: "Gila Svirsky"
- Coalition of Women for
a Just Peace
B'Tselem est une organisation qui milite
pour les droits de l'homme et qui fait un excellent travail. On
ne s'étonnera pas de voir les services israéliens,
toujours prêts à salir tout le monde, s'attacher
à compromettre une organisation qui dénonce leurs
- Chief of Staff:
"The war of independence has resumed"
- IDF Chief of Staff Lt.-Gen.
Moshe Yaalon granted an interview to Ari Shavit of Ha'aretz,
which was published today. A Makor Rishon analyst noted that
the terms "People of Israel" and "Nation of Israel"
flowed off his tongue in a refreshingly spontaneous way. Excerpts:
- "If the concept 'conquest'
[referring to Israel's presence in Judea, Samaria and Gaza] ever
had any relevance, it lost it as far as I'm concerned in the
year 2000. Israel presented a proposal that was supposed to remove
the Palestinians from off our back, but instead [of getting off],
they started stabbing us ... I [therefore] maintain that the
story is not 'conquest,' but rather the lack of recognition of
Israel's right to exist as a Jewish State.
- "The Palestinians
have three stories. Their narrative in Arabic is one of mobilization
for a war of jihad, non-recognition of Israel's right to exist,
rejection of any attachment between the Jewish people and the
Land of Israel, and mobilization of the Palestinian people for
a war with the goal of bri nging about Israel's collapse. In
English, the story is different: occupation, colonialism, apartheid.
Those are completely irrelevant terms, which are intended to
furnish the Western world with familiar terminology that clarifies
who the good guys are here and who the bad guys are.
- "In Hebrew, they
have a third story: the peace of the brave. But I know the details
and I say that Arafat saw Oslo as a Trojan horse that allowed
the Palestinian Authority people to enter the country, and Sept.
2000 was the date that they came out of the horse. Today, as
well, the ideology of Fatah is to cause the State of Israel to
disintegrate from within. They do not want to 'end the conflict,'
but rather to turn Israel into a Palestinian state ."
- Asked whether Oslo was
a mistake, Yaalon said, "You can't speak in terms of a mistake
or not a mistake . After what we have gone through in the last
nine years, I have many less question marks and more exclamation
points. For me, eth ical clarity has been created."
- Dismantling Yesha settlements
and unilateral Israeli withdrawals are "dangerous moves
[that will] give the Palestinians strength to continue . I said
this when the question of withdrawing from Joseph's Tomb arose.
It was clear to me that leaving the Tomb would just give the
Palestinians a push. Whoever thought that leaving the site would
neutralize a point of friction was thinking like an Israeli,
not like a Palestinian . Every withdrawal under violence and
terrorism will only strengthen the way of violence and ter rorism,
and will endanger us." He agreed that even if a large military
force is sometimes required to protect an isolated town, a much
larger force would have to be kept there if t he town were to
- He said that the proposed
partition wall separating the Arab-populated areas of Yesha from
the rest of Israel "will not solve all the problems . If
I had that money, I w ould invest it somewhere else."
- "The key point here
is the staying power of the Israeli society. That is the most
important factor that is being put to the test at this time,
and will continue to be put to the test in the near future. That
is what the campaign is about. When the Palestinians initiated
the confrontation, their evaluation was that Israel would not
be able to withstand even a few dozen casualties. They were surprised.
Operation Defensive Shield showed them that they were dealing
not with a spider web, but with a tiger. But if they see cracks
and a chance of [Israel's] disintegration, a prospect of Israeli
capitulation, that achievement will be erased...
- "We must understand:
The Palestinians have returned us to the War of Independence.
Today it is clear that the State of Israel as a Jewish state
is still an alien element in the region. It will take generations
until various elements in the region accept its existence. Therefore,
we have to go back to the ethos of standing fast, not because
I am enamored of that ethos, but because there is no choice.
It is an ethos of no choice."
C'est le nouveau chef d'état-major
de l'armée. Bonjours les dégâts.
Entretien avec Mohamed Ibrahim Kamel,
ministre des affaires étrangères d'Egypte, The
Middle East Journal, Winter 1984
Les juifs ont tout inventé, y compris
le karaté qu'ils ont rebaptisé Krav Maga, qu'ils
pratiquent 22 rue Henri Barbusse,
dans un bled qui s'appelle, tenez- vous
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La technique Google (comprendre comment
Radio Sawa, la nouvelle radio américaine
pour l'Iraq, ou les enfants de Goebbels:
La connerie juive à haut régime:
la génisse rousse (voir Nombres, 19) qui va permettre,
aux yeux des plus absurdes, de démarrer la reconstrution
du "Temple" à Jérusalem:
Voyage au dessus de la planète
Mars. Profitez-en avant que
les sionistes ne l'annexe.
Gros délire ou prémonition
Les livres et les discours d'un auteur
allemand un peu oublié,
Adolf Hitler, en VO. Rappelons à
nos jeunes lecteurs que Hitler était un copain de Riefenstahl
et qu'il était "nazi".
Meyssan Th., L'incredibile menzogna.
Nessun aereo è caduto sul pentagono, Fandango, 2002,
pp. 180, Euro 15,00
A la radio Jack Lang avoue que son rêve,
son désir profond,
c'est d'être Batman.
Pour se tenir au courant des saloperies
américaines, voir le site de l'International Action Center,
animé par l'ancien ministre de la justice américain,
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